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Incident Management ICS/NIMS Overview. Presented by Alan Phillips Emergency Management Coordinator Ohio Department of Transportation. Transportation’s Role in Disaster Response.

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incident management ics nims overview

Incident ManagementICS/NIMS Overview

Presented by

Alan Phillips

Emergency Management Coordinator

Ohio Department of Transportation

transportation s role in disaster response
Transportation’s Role in Disaster Response
  • The recent events along our Gulf Coast drives home the importance of an effective, coordinated response from all agencies.
  • The Incident Command System and now the National Incident Management System are the primary structures for a coordinated multi-agency response.
  • FEMA Certification Required - NIMCAST

What are the Basics

Of the

Incident Command System?


What the ICS is:

  • A process management tool
  • A flexible organizational structure
  • The standard for managing emergency incidents
  • Easily adapted to large or small-scale incidents
  • Lets take a look at the Basic ICS Structure
ics organization
ICS Organization

The Incident Commander’s “Command” Staff:

These personnel are the IC’s

“Command” Staff

ics organization6
ICS Organization

ICS has five basic functions

Operations, Planning,

Logistics, and


The section chiefs are the IC’s

“General” Staff.

ics organization7
ICS Organization

The Incident Commander’s “Command” and

“General” Staff:

Span of control:

3-7 personnel

ics organization8
ICS Organization

The Operations Section:

Operations develops the tactical organization

and directs all resources to carry out the

Incident Action Plan

ics organization9
ICS Organization

The Operations Section: Divisions and Groups

Divisions and Groups are established when the

number of resources exceeds the Operations

Section Chief’s manageable span of control.

ics organization10
ICS Organization

The Operations Section: Functional Groups

Functional groups can best be used to describe

areas of like activity (e.g., rescue, evacuation,


ics organization11
ICS Organization

The Operations Section: Multi-Jurisdictional

In the case of a multi-jurisdictional incident,

resources are best managed under the

agencies that normally control them.

ics organization12
ICS Organization

The Operations Section: Air Operations Branch

The Air Support Group establishes and operates

bases for rotary and fixed wing aircraft.

ics organization13
ICS Organization

The Planning Section Staff:

Planning develops the

Incident Action Plan to

accomplish the objectives,

collects and evaluates

information, and maintains

status of assigned


ics organization14
ICS Organization

The Logistics Section Staff:

Logistics provides the

resources and all other

services needed to

support the organization

ics organization15
ICS Organization

The Finance/Administration Section Staff:

Finance/Administration monitors costs

related to the incident,

provides accounting,

procurement, time

recording, cost analysis,

and fiscal guidance.

general guidelines
General Guidelines
  • Lengthy Assignments
    • Assemble a travel kit with technical information. (maps, manuals, contacts, reference materials)
    • Prepare personal items. Clothing, medications, money etc.
    • Ensure family members have a plan.
    • Determine travel authorization, plans and return information.
    • Establish payroll procedures via home agency.
    • Take ID’s.
    • Understand assignment, reporting locations, positions and authority prior to departure.
    • Vaccinations, Logistical Supplies

National Incident Management


What is the basis for NIMS?

Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 provides for

the creation of a National Incident Management System.

Response agencies must use ICS/NIMS to maintain Federal



National Incident Management


Why was NIMS established:

To allow responders to focus more on the response

instead of organizing the response. This, along with

enhancement to teamwork and assignments to all authorities, will provide for a better coordinated response.

NIMS provides logistical and technical support to responders.


National Incident Management


NIMS will provide:

  • A consistent nationwide approach to incident management
  • Interoperability and compatibility among Federal, State, local, and Tribal
  • Governments
  • A core set of concepts, principles, terminology, and technologies
  • The Incident Command System
  • Multi-agency coordination system
  • Unified command
  • Training
  • Identification and management of resources
  • Qualifications and certification
  • Collection, tracking, and reporting of incident information and incident
  • resources

NIMS Component Parts

The Basic Six NIMS Components:

  • Command and Management
  • Preparedness
  • Resource Management
  • Communications and Information Management
  • Supporting Technologies
  • On-going Management and Maintenance

National Incident Management


What are the NIMS Sub-Components?

  • Command and Management
  • - Incident Command System
  • - Multi-agency Coordination System
  • - Public Information Systems
  • Preparedness
  • - Planning
  • - Training
  • - Exercises
  • - Qualification and Certification
  • - Equipment Certification
  • - Publications Management

National Incident Management


What are the NIMS Sub-Components? (cont.):

  • Resource Management
  • - Describe
  • - Inventory
  • - Track
  • - Dispatch
  • - Mobilize
  • - Recover
  • Communications and Information Management
  • - Incident Management Communications
  • - Information Management

National Incident Management


What are the NIMS Sub-Components? (cont.):

  • Supporting Technologies
  • - Systems
  • - Capabilities
  • Ongoing Management and Maintenance
  • - Strategic Direction
  • - Oversight
nims incident management
NIMS Incident Management
  • Area Command:
  • Oversees the management of multiple incidents
  • Oversees the management of large or multiple incidents to which
  • several Incident Management Teams have been assigned
  • Develops overall strategy and priorities
  • Allocates resources according to priorities
  • Ensuresproper management of incidents
  • Ensuresobjectives are met and strategies are followed
  • Ensureseffective communications

Area Command becomes Unified Area Command

when an incident becomes multi-jurisdictional.

nims incident management26

Area Command becomes Unified Area Command

when an incident becomes multi-jurisdictional. It

operates under the same basic principles as ICS.

NIMS Incident Management

Area Command Organization:


NIMS Incident Management

Multi-Agency Coordination Systems (MACS):

  • What is MACS:
  • - It is a mechanism for combining facilities, equipment, personnel,
  • procedures, and communications into a common operating system
  • with responsibility for coordinating and supporting domestic
  • incident management.
  • MACS Elements:
  • - Emergency Operations Centers – the physical location at which the
  • coordination of information and resources to support incident
  • management takes place
  • - Multi-Agency Coordinating Entities – typically consist of principals,
  • or their designees, from organizations or agencies with direct incident
  • management responsibility, or with significant incident management
  • support or resource responsibilities
nims incident management28
NIMS Incident Management
  • Unified Command:
  • Advantages
  • - A single set of objectives for the entire incident
  • - A collective approach to develop strategies to achieve objectives
  • - Improved information flow and coordination
  • - All agencies with responsibility for the incident understand
  • priorities and restrictions
  • - No agencies’ legal authorities compromised or neglected
  • - Combined efforts optimize performance
nims incident management29
NIMS Incident Management
  • Public Information Systems:
  • Systems and protocols for communicating timely and accurate
  • information to the public are critical during crisis or emergency
  • situations
  • The PIO supports the Incident Command
  • Public Information functions must be coordinated and integrated
  • across all jurisdictional and functional boundaries
  • Organizations participating in Incident Management retain their
  • independence
  • Public Information Systems Components:
  • - Joint Information System – a mechanism
  • - Joint Information Center – a location
nims incident management30
NIMS Incident Management

Public Information Systems Wiring Diagram


Support Multi-Agency Approach

  • The Executive must plan for an Area Command approach prior to the incident :
  • Hold planning meetings and prepare mutual aid agreements
  • Involve other agencies’ personnel in your ICS organization
  • Advocate the use of “Area and/or Unified Command”
  • Conduct interagency training and exercises
  • Revise plans based on findings of exercises and training
  • events

“The last place I want to meet you

for the first time, is at an incident




Executive Responsibilities


  • The Executive has four major responsibilities:
  • Articulate Policy
  • Assess the Response
  • Plan for Multi-Agency Response
  • Provide input to the Incident Commander establishing
  • priorities, goals, and direction
nims conclusions
NIMS Conclusions
  • NIMS:
  • Incorporates best practices of current incident management
  • (e.g., ICS, Joint, Multi-Agency, Unified Incident Management)
  • Recognizes need to integrate Crisis and Consequence
  • management
  • Recognizes the need to establish standards and common
  • operating systems..
  • Stresses interoperability in communications, equipment and
  • operational response.


  • There are no quick or easy fixes to these issues
  • Open the dialogue process with other agencies
  • Revise your preparedness plans based on lessons learned
  • (a plan is a living document; it evolves based on your
  • collective experiences and evolving best practices)
  • Deploy your personnel to ICPs and EOCs – half the battle is
  • maintaining good communications

Now is the time to develop

agency’s goals, priorities, and

policies. Develop multiple scenarios

based on different potential events in your area.

Make sure your staff is trained!


Parting Thoughts


We’ve all seen and heard the discussions and attempts to

define interoperability. To some, it’s radios being able to

“talk” to one another. To others, it’s being able to interchange

air tanks among different response organizations.

At your level, what is interoperability? One more idea for the


Decision-makers must have the ability to see a common operating picture, and to anticipate the consequences of decisions on their own jurisdiction, as well as the consequences to surrounding jurisdictions.

three key points to remember
Three Key Points to Remember!
  • Establish ICS early at any incident and keep it simple.. This will be your foundation for the incident. If you don’t you will be chasing after the incident instead of managing it!
  • Think of ICS as a toolbox full of tools you may or may not choose to use, use what you need, remember to pick the tools up!
  • Practice ICS at every incident so when the “Big One” hits you will be ready!……


Contact Information:

Al Phillips 614-799-9237

FEMA EMI Training

Click on “Online Training (NETC Virtual Campus)”

Click “OK” for FEMA then “New Student”