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Mia_John

End of Reconstruction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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End of Reconstruction
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  1. End of Reconstruction

  2. Ulysses S. Grant • Elected President in 1868 as a Republican • Victory made possible by African American votes

  3. Ulysses S. Grant • 15th Amendment passed to ensure that voting rights not be denied because of race

  4. Blacks take political office in South • Blanche Bruce • First black senator from the state of Mississippi

  5. Southerners curtail civil rights • Ku Klux Klan • Terrorist group that intimidated African Americans from exercising their rights

  6. Southerners curtail civil rights • Black Codes • laws that restricted the political and economic activities of African Americans.

  7. New Labor Systems in the South

  8. Sharecropping • Former slaves farmed someone else’s land and paid the landowner at least one third of the crop.

  9. Sharecropping • Plantation owners discovered sharecropping was cheaper for them than slavery

  10. Tenant Farmers • Former Slaves who used cash to rent farms on plantations

  11. Election of 1872 • Radical Republicans began to lose power and control of Congress.

  12. Election of 1876 • Republican Rutherford B Haynes lost the popular vote to Samuel Tilden • Electoral College vote was in dispute

  13. Compromise of 1877 • Southern Democrats promised to give Haynes their electoral votes if he removed the military from the South • Haynes agreed and removed all federal troops when he took over as President

  14. Compromise of 1877 • Southern Democrats take over the South • Southern Democrats begin return to national power. • Reconstruction is over. • The door is open to the “Jim Crow Era”.