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End of Reconstruction Chapter 12 Section 3. Objectives. Explain why Reconstruction ended. Evaluate the successes and failures of Reconstruction. Grant’s Scandals. National scandals Grant’s Vice President was involved in a scheme to steal profits from the railroads.

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slide2

Objectives

  • Explain why Reconstruction ended.
  • Evaluate the successes and failures of Reconstruction.
slide3

Grant’s Scandals

National scandals

Grant’s Vice President was involved in a scheme to steal profits from the railroads.

Members of Grant’s administration were suspected of corruption.

Local scandals

Politician William “Boss” Tweed and the “Tweed Ring” stole money from New York City’s treasury.

Many city officials sold contracts to their friends across the country.

dwindling reconstruction
Immigration increased in the North and West.

Corruption and intrigue in politics.

In 1873, the economy of the North became unstable when national banks failed.

Dwindling Reconstruction
slide5

Bad Economy Shifts Focus from Reconstruction

  • In 1873, one of the nation’s most influential banks failed.
  • The bank had overextended loans to the railroad industry.
  • A loss of jobs, bank failures, and economic depression in the North followed.
slide6

The End of Reconstruction

  • Radical Republicans lost power.
  • Military operations in the South became too expensive.
  • Starting in 1871, federal troops were withdrawn from the South.
  • In 1872, the Freedman’s Bureau was dissolved.
  • Radical Republican leader, Charles Sumner died in 1874.
slide7

Power to the States

Slaughterhouse Cases

The Court restricted the scope of the Fourteenth Amendment.

1873: A citizen has certain national rights, but it was up to the state to choose how to define the rights for those who lived there.

1876: Due process and equal protection clauses protected citizens only from the actions of the state, not from other citizens.

restricting african americans rights
Restricting African-Americans Rights

Southern Democrats created a coalition of Redeemerswhoworked together to “redeem,” or reclaim, the South from northerners and blacks.

The Klan

used violence.

The courts

used legal interpretation.

slide9
In the election of 1876, Democratic candidate Tilden received 51 percent of the vote.Republicans claimed votes had been miscounted.
slide10

Compromise of 1877

  • Rutherford B. Hayes became President.
  • Remaining federal troops were withdrawn from the South.
  • A southerner was appointed to a powerful cabinet position.
  • Southern states were guaranteed federal subsidies to build railroads and improve their ports.

By balancing the needs of the North and the South, Congress’ compromise marked the end of Reconstruction.

slide11

The Effects of Reconstruction

  • For African Americans
  • gave African Americans some opportunities
  • reunited black families
  • provided educational opportunities
  • For everyone
  • tax-supported school system
  • modernized railroads
  • increased variety of the South’s crops
  • For women
  • no voting rights
slide14

The Civil War affected the balance of power between the federal government and the states.

Over time, Americans chose to let the South tend to its own affairs despite the price paid by newly freed slaves.

slide15

Objectives

  • Explain why Reconstruction ended.
  • Evaluate the successes and failures of Reconstruction.