A message for football fans…. Love football? Live in the British Isles or Ireland? Still wondering what to do with yourself during June 08? Then why not use this presentation to select an ‘adopted’ country team… …for a little event going on in the Alps soon?! . What is Euro 2008?.
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2008 is the year for the Europe football championships tournament.
The tournament takes place between 7th June – 29th June.
The tournament is governed by Union of European Football Associations (UEFA).
In qualifying, 50 nations, excluding the hosts Austria and Switzerland who automatically qualify, fought for the remaining 14 places. A total of 308 qualifying matches took place.
16 Teams have qualified for the tournament.
These countries are circled on the slide over to illustrate their position in Europe
The Alps are a mountain system located in south-central Europe, to the immediate north of the Mediterranean Sea. They extend for almost 700 miles in a crescent shape from the coastline of southern France (near Monaco) into Switzerland, then through northern Italy and into Austria, and down through Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro - then ending in Albania on the rugged coastline of the Adriatic Sea.
There are a total of 8 different venues for the football matches to be played across both host nations
Letzigrund StadionLocation: ZürichCapacity: 30,000
Stade de Genève
Location: GenèveCapacity: 32,000
Location: KlagenfurtCapacity: 32,000
Location: SalzburgCapacity: 30,000
Location: BaselCapacity: 42,500
Stade De Suisse Wankdorf
Ernst Happel Stadion
Austria,officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders both Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.
Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federal states and is one of six European countries that have declared permanent neutrality and one of the few countries that includes the concept of everlasting neutrality in its constitution. The capital of Austria is Vienna.
A neutral country takes no side in a war between other parties, and in return hopes to avoid being attacked by any of them. However, Austria has joined the EU.
The official language spoken in Austria is German. However, certain regions of the country may speak different languages for example the people living near Italy may speak Italian.
The population of Austria is 8,316,487. Approximately 74 % of Austrians are Roman Catholic, 5 % are Protestant, the rest belongs to other faiths. It is about twice the size of Switzerland.
The landlocked country shares national borders with Switzerland (164 km) and the tiny principality of Liechtenstein (35 km) to the west. As a geographic feature, the Alps literally overshadow other landform regions. Just over 28% of Austria is moderately hilly or flat:
Austria, being located in the Alps region, has many beautiful mountainous regions and many sceneries.
Vienna town hall
Austria's mountain lake
Misty mountain village
Switzerland is a landlocked country of roughly 7.5 million people in Western Europe with an area of 41,285 km². Switzerland is a federal republic consisting of 26 states.
Switzerland is bordered by Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. Switzerland is multilingual and has four national languages: German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Switzerland has a long history of neutrality — it has not been at war since 1815 — and hosts many international organizations, including the Red Cross, the World Trade Organization and one of the U.N.'s two European offices. It has no intention of joining the EU, so remains an ‘island’ of neutrality, completely surrounded by the EU.
With an area of 41,285 square kilometres (15,940 sq mi), Switzerland is a relatively small country. The population is about 7.5 million, resulting in an average population density of 182 people per square kilometre (472/sq mi). However, the more mountainous southern half of the country is far more sparsely populated than this average, while the northern half has a somewhat greater density, as it comprises more hospitable hilly terrain, partly forested and partly cleared, as well as several large lakes.
Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas: the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau or "middleland", and the Jura mountains along the northwestern border with France.
The Alps are a high mountain range running across the central-south of the country, comprising about 60 % of the country's total area.
Three major ranges of the Alps — the Northern Calcareous Alps, Central Alps, and Southern Calcareous Alps — run west to east through Austria. The Central Alps, which consist largely of a granite base, are the largest and highest ranges in Austria. The Central Alps run from Tyrol to approximately the Styria-Lower Austria border and include areas that are permanently glaciated in the Ötztal Alps on the Tyrolean–Italian border and the Hohe Tauern in East Tyrol and Carinthia.
The Alps serve as a watershed for Europe's three major kinds of weather systems that influence Austrian weather. The Atlantic maritime climate from the northwest, the ‘mediterranean’ climate to the South, and the Central European ‘continental’ climate to the East.
The Atlantic maritime, or ‘British’ climate is characterized by low pressure fronts, mild air from the Gulf Stream, and precipitation. It has the greatest influence on the northern slopes of the Alps, the Northern Alpine Foreland, and the Danube valley.
Given the importance of Alpine skiing for the Austrian tourist industry, December is the month during which the weather is watched with the greatest anticipation.
The Alps tower up to 4,808 meters and span across France, Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Italy, Austria and Slovenia.
The Alps are generally divided into the Western Alps and the Eastern Alps. The division is along the line between Lake Constance and Lake Como, following the Rhine. The Western Alps are higher, but their central chain is shorter and curved; they are located in Italy, France and Switzerland. The Eastern Alps belong to Austria, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovenia and Switzerland.
The Alps are relatively young fold mountains arose as a result of the pressure exerted on sediments of the Tethys Ocean basin as its Mesozoic and early Caenozoic strata were pushed against the stable Eurasian landmass by the northward-moving African landmass.
The Alps are popular both in summer and in winter as a destination for sightseeing and sports. Winter sports (alpine and Nordic skiing, tobogganing, snowshoeing, ski tours) can be practised in most regions from December to April, while in summer the Alps are popular with hikers, mountain bikers, para-gliders, mountaineers, while the many lakes attract swimmers, sailors and surfers.
Snow dusts the peaks of the Alps on December 11, 2004. North of the Alps, clouds cover France, Germany and Slovenia. South of the Alps, clear skies dominate most of the image, leaving the Po River valley and peninsular Italy showing clearly.
Can you pick out the main valleys in the Alps? How?
Why are there snow deposits on the peaks of the Alps only?
The Principality of Liechtenstein is a tiny, doubly landlocked alpine country in Western Europe, bordered by Switzerland to its west and by Austria to its east. Mountainous, it is a winter sports centre, although it is perhaps best known as a region of "tax haven". Despite this, it is not heavily urbanised. Many cultivated fields and small farms characterise its landscape both in the north and in the south. It is the smallest German-speaking country in the world.
The total area of the Liechtenstein is 160.4 km2 and has a population of 35,365. Liechtenstein is the sixth-smallest independent nation in the world, by land area. The five independent countries smaller than Liechtenstein are Vatican City, Monaco, Nauru, Tuvalu, and San Marino.
Liechtenstein is situated in the Upper Rhine valley of the European Alps. The entire western border of Liechtenstein is formed by the river. Measured north to south, the country is only about 24 km (15 mi) long.
In its eastern portion, Liechtenstein rises to higher altitudes; its highest point, the Grauspitz, is 2,599 m (8,527 ft). Despite its alpine location, prevailing southerly winds make the climate of Liechtenstein comparatively mild. In winter, the mountain slopes are well suited to winter sports. It is the only country with a predominantly German-speaking population that does not share a border with the Federal Republic of Germany.
Satellite image faintly delineating Liechtenstein