Message of the Land PiraSudham
Message of the Land PiraSudham
Message of the Land Unit 3 Warming up Background T ext Analysis Reinforcement
Message of the Land Unit 3 Questions / Activities Warming up Check-on Preview Objectives W B T R
Warming up Look up “land,” “soil,” “dirt” and “mud” in your dictionaries and tell their differences. Questions / Activities W B T R
Warming up Interview: 1. Organize the class into groups of 4 with one as a reporter and the other 3 as interviewees. 2. Topic: Chinese university students’ view of the life and people in the countryside 3. Time arrangement: 5 minutes for the interview and 2 minutes for the interviewer to report to the class. Questions / Activities W B T R
Warming up Check-on Preview • Fill in the blanks with words from the text in their proper forms. • In the local market, the farmers b _ _ _ _ _ farm produce for salt, oil and other necessities. • After the picnic, the lawn is l _ _ _ _ _ _ _ with plastic bags, fruit peels, waste paper and empty cans. • Schools in the countryside suffer from a severe s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ of teachers and funds. • When we finally arrived after hours’ walking in the rain, we were all e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. • To cut costs, the company has decided to r _ _ _ _ _ _ experienced staff with younger employees on lower salaries. （答案见备注栏） W B T R
Warming up Check-on Preview W B • Mark each of the statements “T” for true or “F” for false. • The farmer inherited the land from his father and wanted to pass it down to his children. • The woman loved her children dearly and was very concerned about their life away from home, while her husband did not care a bit. • The villagers used to grow their own food, make their own crafts, and dig their own well, but now they have to hire people to do everything. • The woman disliked most of the changes happening in her village and wanted everything as it had been. • We can infer that the author criticizes the old couple for being old-fashioned, stubborn, and unable to adjust themselves to the changes. • 答案见备注栏 T R
Master the language items listed. Know something about the author and his works. Appreciate the writing style and metaphors used. Think about such topics as urbanization and globalization and form your own opinions. Warming up Objectives W B T R
Message of theLand Unit 3 Author Background B W Genre T R
Background Author His Life • Born in a remote Esarn village in Thailand • First language Lao • Temple boy in Bangkok at 14 • Thailand’s top university • Scholarship to New Zealand to study English • 30-year odyssey through New Zealand, Australia, Hong Kong, the UK, Germany, and Switzerland • Retired to a solitary life in his home village in 1997, helping needy students and teachers in a private school with funds set up by himself PiraSudham (1942 - ) B W T R
Background Author His Works • Siamese Drama (later renamed Tales of Thailand) (1983) • People of Esarn (1987) • Monsoon Country (1988) • The Force of Karma (2002) B W T R
Background Author His Influence • One of Thailand’s best known novelists • Nominee of the 1990 Nobel Prize inLiterature • “David of Thailand” • Sudham’s works are concerned with social-economic-political changes occurring in Thailand. • Widely read and highly acclaimed, his books have given a voice to the poor and the voiceless. • The simplicity and sensitivity of the poor and the low come through his direct and clear prose, yet moving and touching. B W T R
Background Genre • Essay based on an interview • Interviewer: the author • Interviewees: a farmer and his wife • Topic: life in the country B W T R
Message of the Land Language Style Unit 3 Theme Structure Text Analysis Detailed Analysis W B T R
Text Analysis Theme • Urbanization and resistance? • Industrialization and the death of traditional handicrafts? • Development and the loss of tradition? W B T R
Text Analysis Structure Part I: the wife’s speech The wife talks about the land, her family and her children. (para. 1—3) The wife talks about the changes she dislikes and can’t adjust to. (para. 4—7) Part II: the farmer’s speech (para. 8—11) The farmer talks about the reason for his silence, his worry about their land and the joy he finds in life and farming. W B T R
Colloquialism Small and simple words Short sentences Straightforward language Figures of speech used to achieve vivid, expressive and appropriate description Simile Metaphor Personification Zeugma Text Analysis Language Style
Simile: … it is like a knife piercing my heart. Metaphor: … this bag of bones dressed in rags can still plant and reap rice from morning till dusk. Personification: Our piece of land is small, and it is no longer fertile, bleeding year after year and, like us, getting old and exhausted. Zeugma: The soil is not difficult to till when there is a lot of rain, but in a bad year, it’s not only the ploughs that break but our hearts, too. More examples? Text Analysis Language Style
What figure of speech is used in the underlined part of each sentence? 1. The senator picked up his hat as well as his courage. 2. How soon hath Time, the subtle thief of youth, stolen on his wing my three and twentieth year! 3. The soft cool breeze moves the sheaves, which ripple and shimmer like waves of gold. 4. All night long she sang with her breast against the thorn, and the cold crystal Moon leaned and listened. 答案见备注栏 Text Analysis Language Style
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I Part II Part III Main Idea Sentence Paraphrase Words & Expressions Exercise W B T R
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Main Idea • Why does the wife start her conversation with the land? • How is the family organization in Esarn different from ours? • What do the woman’s children do? How do the mother and children feel towards each other? • What does the woman say about her husband? Do you believe what she says? • What does the woman say about their land? How does she feel towards it?
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase My husband moved into our house as is the way with us in Esarn. (para. 1) relative pronoun, subject of the relative clause, meaning what is mentioned in the main clause Paraphrasing: When we got married, we followed the tradition in Esarn and my husband came to live with my family.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase • He has ears which don’t hear, a mouth which doesn’t speak, and eyes that don’t see. ( para. 2) Question:Does the wife really mean that her husband is deaf , dumb and blind? Paraphrasing: He does not notice what is happening around us and to our children, nor does he express his thoughts and feelings. (The woman is complaining that her husband does not bother about their children’s troubles.)
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase … and it is no longer fertile, bleeding year after year and, like us, getting old and exhausted. (para. 3) personification Paraphrasing: Our land is getting poorer with each passing year, like us who are getting old, weak and tired.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase … but in a bad year, it’s not only the ploughs thatbreak but our hearts, too. (para. 3) emphatic form Paraphrasing:When there is a draught, the soil is so hard that it breaks the ploughs and we feel so sad that our hearts break too.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Words & Expressions Sentence Pattern Phrases Grammar Words afford off mind remain the emphatic form “as” to introduce a relative clause belong to in spite of
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Exercise • Translate the following sentences into English, usingasto introduce a relative clause. 1. 她是老师，从她说话就能看出来。 2. 学习语言往往是女孩子比男孩子快。 3. 他总是到最后一分钟才完成作业，这是他的习惯。 • Key: • 1. She is a teacher, as is clear from the way she talks. • 2. As is often the case, girls learn a language more quickly than boys. • 3. He always finishes his homework at the last minute, as is his habit. • Refer to Ex. 2 on p. 64 for more.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Main Idea • Summarize the changes that have taken place in the village. • How is the woman’s generation different from the young generation? • What is the function of the first sentence in paragraph 5? • What are the significances of “pigs”, “water buffaloes” and “jeans” to the woman and the young people? • What is the woman’s attitude towards these changes? • What is the woman’s philosophy of life?
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase Only ten years ago, you could barter for things, but now it’s all cash. (para. 4) Paraphrasing: Just ten years ago, we could exchange one thing for another, but now we have to buy everything from the market.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase Shops have sprung up, filled with colorful plastic things and goods we have no use for. (para. 4) past participle as post modifier relative clause modifying “things and goods” Paraphrasing: Shops have suddenly appeared in the village selling attractive plastic things and things we don’t need.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase As for me, I wouldn’t change, couldn’t change even if I wanted to. (para. 7) was unwilling to was unable to Paraphrasing: I didn’t want to change myself and my life, and actually I did not have the ability to change even if I wanted to.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase Yes, this bag of bones dressed in rags can still plant and reap rice from morning till dusk. (para. 7) metaphor meaning a poor, old and weak person Paraphrasing: Though I’m poor, old and weak, I can still work in the rice field all day.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Words & Expressions Words Phrases Grammar replace condemn occur barter … for spring up have no use for as for unreal condition (Ex. 1, p. 63)
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Exercise 1 • Translate the following sentences into English, using words in brackets. 至于年内加薪, 那是不可能的。(as for) 他从来没想到自己可能会错。(occur) 惹怒这样一位重要的客户，我们可担当不起 。(afford) 个人电脑基本上已经完全取代了打字机。(replace) 许多欠发达国家不得不用宝贵的自然资源来交换高科技产品。(barter) 商店里有好多花哨的产品，可大多数都是农民用不上的东西。(use) 至于年内加薪, 那是不可能的。(as for) 他从来没想到自己可能会错。(occur) 惹怒这样一位重要的客户，我们可担当不起 。 (afford) 个人电脑基本上已经完全取代了打字机。(replace) 许多欠发达国家不得不用宝贵的自然资源来交换高科技产品。(barter) 商店里有好多花哨的产品，可大多数都是农民用不上的东西。(use) 答案见备注栏
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Exercise 2 • Can you translate following expressions into Chinese? • 一跃而起 • 十万火急地赶去救援某人 • 在脑海中突然闪现 • 一举成名 • 焕发生机 • 从床上跳起来 • 使某人大吃一惊 • 雨后春笋般地涌现 • 出身于贵族 • spring to one’s feet • spring to sb’s assistance • spring to mind • spring into fame • spring to life • spring out of bed • spring a surprise on sb. • spring up like mushrooms • spring from aristocracy
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Main Idea • How does the farmer counterattack his wife’s charge of his indifference? • What are the farmer’s feelings towards his wife? • From the farmer’s talk, what is the foremost thing in his mind? Why? • What joys and happiness does the farmer find in his life? • What is the farmer’s philosophy of life?
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Sentence Paraphrase I am at peace with the land and the condition of my life. (para. 9) Paraphrasing:I am content with my land and accept my situation in life without complaint.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Sentence Paraphrase I have been forcing silence upon her all these years, yet she had not once complained of anything. (para. 9) Paraphrasing: All these years, I hardly talk with her or listen to her, so she has to keep silent about her thoughts and feelings, but she has never told anyone else about her unhappy feelings about my silence.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Sentence Paraphrase Still the land could not tie them down or call them back. (para. 10) Paraphrasing: My children grew up and had happy days on this land, but this could not prevent them from leaving for cities or attract them back from cities.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Sentence Paraphrase Sickness comes and goes, and we get back on our feet again. (para. 11) Paraphrasing: Inevitably we sometimes fall ill, but when we get well again we can always get back to our normal life and work on our land.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Words & Expressions Phrases Words be at peace with force sth. upon sb. tie down get back on one’s feet pass on to complain strip
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Exercise • Key: • 1. He is tied down on weekends by having to work over time. • 2. It is unwise to force your opinions upon others. • 3. After several months in bed, he finally got back to his feet. • Translate the following sentences into English, using words in the brackets. 1.他每个周末都要加班，一点都不自由。(tie) 2. 强迫别人接受你的观点可不明智。(force) 3. 在床上躺了几个月之后，他终于痊愈了。(feet)
Message of the Land Unit 3 Discussion Discussion Reinforcement Reinforcement Retelling W W B B T R
Reinforcement Retelling • Work in pairs: • Suppose you are the interviewer and tell the life story of the old couple to your colleagues. • Suppose you are one of the old couple’s children and tell the story of your family to your friends in the city. W B T R
Reinforcement Discussion • Work in groups of 4: • Many traditions have been lost in the process of industrialization and modernization, especially in recent years. Do you think we should sacrifice our traditions for development or resist development to maintain our traditions? W B T R