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Review for Exam. Same format Topics Deep Sea Subtidal Benthic Intertidal Meiofauna Estuaries and Salt Marshes Don’t forget Oceans in the News Website will be up-to-date by tomorrow AM Outlines and ppt files (there already) Practice questions. Review for Exam.

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review for exam
Review for Exam
  • Same format
  • Topics
    • Deep Sea
    • Subtidal Benthic
    • Intertidal
    • Meiofauna
    • Estuaries and Salt Marshes
    • Don’t forget Oceans in the News
  • Website will be up-to-date by tomorrow AM
    • Outlines and ppt files (there already)
    • Practice questions
review for exam2
Review for Exam
  • Think about similarities and differences in these different habitats
    • Abiotic factors
    • Biotic factors
    • Adaptations
    • Types of organisms
the review game
The Review Game
  • If you want to play, pick up one A,B,C, and D (these are not grades!)
  • Stand up
  • Multiple choice questions – hold up your answer choice; sit down if you are incorrect
  • Last 5 left standing will win bonus points!
a soft bottom intertidal area with low wave action would be expected to have
A soft bottom intertidal area with low wave action would be expected to have
  • Gravel substrate
  • Coarse sand substrate
  • Fine sand substrate
  • Mud substrate
a soft bottom intertidal area with low wave action would be expected to have5
A soft bottom intertidal area with low wave action would be expected to have
  • Gravel substrate
  • Coarse sand substrate
  • Fine sand substrate
  • Mud substrate
the base of the food chain for marine hydrothermal vents is which of the following
The base of the food chain for marine hydrothermal vents is which of the following?
  • Algae
  • Copepods
  • Vestimentiferan worms
  • Bacteria
the base of the food chain for marine hydrothermal vents is which of the following7
The base of the food chain for marine hydrothermal vents is which of the following?
  • Algae
  • Copepods
  • Vestimentiferan worms
  • Bacteria
slide8
Exclusion of one species from a shallow subtidal region due to the activities of another species (not including predation) is called:
  • Competitive interference
  • Disturbance
  • Keystone exploitation
  • Grazing
slide9
Exclusion of one species from a shallow subtidal region due to the activities of another species (not including predation) is called:
  • Competitive interference
  • Disturbance
  • Keystone exploitation
  • Grazing
in the rocky intertidal zone which of the following resources is in limited supply
In the rocky intertidal zone, which of the following resources is in limited supply?
  • Food
  • Oxygen
  • Space
  • Mates
in the rocky intertidal zone which of the following resources is in limited supply11
In the rocky intertidal zone, which of the following resources is in limited supply?
  • Food
  • Oxygen
  • Space
  • Mates
members of which of the following phyla live only in the marine interstitial
Members of which of the following phyla live only in the marine interstitial?
  • Cnidaria
  • Gnathostomulida
  • Echinodermata
  • Nematoda
members of which of the following phyla live only in the marine interstitial13
Members of which of the following phyla live only in the marine interstitial?
  • Cnidaria
  • Gnathostomulida
  • Echinodermata
  • Nematoda
which of the following is not a problem in the open water of the mesopelagic or deep sea
Which of the following is not a problem in the open water of the mesopelagic or deep-sea?
  • Finding food
  • Salinity changes
  • High pressure
  • Finding mates
which of the following is not a problem in the open water of the mesopelagic or deep sea15
Which of the following is not a problem in the open water of the mesopelagic or deep-sea?
  • Finding food
  • Salinity changes
  • High pressure
  • Finding mates
extreme changes in temperature are not a physical characteristic in which environment
Extreme changes in temperature are not a physical characteristic in which environment?
  • Deep sea vents
  • Tidal pools
  • Subtidal benthos
  • Salt marshes
extreme changes in temperature are not a physical characteristic in which environment17
Extreme changes in temperature are not a physical characteristic in which environment?
  • Deep sea vents
  • Tidal pools
  • Subtidal benthos
  • Salt marshes
in salt marshes and estuaries which nutrient is most often limiting to primary production
In salt marshes and estuaries, which nutrient is most often limiting to primary production?
  • Phosphorus
  • Iron
  • Sulfur
  • Nitrogen
in salt marshes and estuaries which nutrient is most often limiting to primary production19
In salt marshes and estuaries, which nutrient is most often limiting to primary production?
  • Phosphorus
  • Iron
  • Sulfur
  • Nitrogen
the predators with the biggest effects on entire infaunal communities in the subtidal are
The predators with the biggest effects on entire infaunal communities in the subtidal are:
  • Surface predators
  • Digging predators
  • Burrowing predators
  • Meiofauna
the predators with the biggest effects on entire infaunal communities in the subtidal are21
The predators with the biggest effects on entire infaunal communities in the subtidal are:
  • Surface predators
  • Digging predators
  • Burrowing predators
  • Meiofauna
these subtidal benthic communities have high species diversity and endemism
These subtidal benthic communities have high species diversity and endemism
  • Antarctic
  • Arctic
  • Temperate
  • Onondaga Lake
these subtidal benthic communities have high species diversity and endemism23
These subtidal benthic communities have high species diversity and endemism
  • Antarctic
  • Arctic
  • Temperate
  • Onondaga Lake
kelp forests form throughout the world in
Kelp forests form throughout the world in:
  • Cold temperate waters with sandy bottoms
  • Cold temperate waters with hard bottoms
  • Warm temperate waters with sandy bottoms
  • Warm temperate waters with hard bottoms
kelp forests form throughout the world in25
Kelp forests form throughout the world in:
  • Cold temperate waters with sandy bottoms
  • Cold temperate waters with hard bottoms
  • Warm temperate waters with sandy bottoms
  • Warm temperate waters with hard bottoms
slide26
As you go deeper in the sediments through the redox potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from
  • Zero at surface to negative at depth
  • Zero at surface to positive at depth
  • Positive at surface to negative at depth
  • Negative at surface to positive at depth
slide27
As you go deeper in the sediments through the redox potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from
  • Zero at surface to negative at depth
  • Zero at surface to positive at depth
  • Positive at surface to negative at depth
  • Negative at surface to positive at depth
most deep water abyssal animals are
Most deep water abyssal animals are
  • Herbivores
  • Parasites
  • Primary producers
  • Scavengers
most deep water abyssal animals are29
Most deep water abyssal animals are
  • Herbivores
  • Parasites
  • Primary producers
  • Scavengers
many chemosynthetic organisms use as their primary inorganic energy source
Many chemosynthetic organisms use as their primary inorganic energy source
  • H2O
  • H2S
  • CO2
  • SeO2
many chemosynthetic organisms use as their primary inorganic energy source31
Many chemosynthetic organisms use as their primary inorganic energy source
  • H2O
  • H2S
  • CO2
  • SeO2
one example of allochthonous food sources in an estuary is
One example of allochthonous food sources in an estuary is:
  • Detritus from benthic diatoms
  • Detritus from estuarine phytoplankton
  • Detritus from seagrass beds
  • Detritus from rivers
one example of allochthonous food sources in an estuary is33
One example of allochthonous food sources in an estuary is:
  • Detritus from benthic diatoms
  • Detritus from estuarine phytoplankton
  • Detritus from seagrass beds
  • Detritus from rivers
slide34
This organism is a:
  • Osmoconformer at low salinities and an osmoregulator at high salinities
  • Osmoregulator at low salinities and an osmoconformer at high salinities
  • Always an osmoconformer
  • Always and osmoregulator
slide35
This organism is a:
  • Osmoconformer at low salinities and an osmoregulator at high salinities
  • Osmoregulator at low salinities and an osmoconformer at high salinities
  • Always an osmoconformer
  • Always and osmoregulator
in the deep sea most of the food is
In the deep sea, most of the food is:
  • Autochthonous and evenly distributed
  • Autochthonous and patchily distributed
  • Allochthonous and evenly distributed
  • Allochthonous and patchily distributed
in the deep sea most of the food is37
In the deep sea, most of the food is:
  • Autochthonous and evenly distributed
  • Autochthonous and patchily distributed
  • Allochthonous and evenly distributed
  • Allochthonous and patchily distributed
one adaptation of estuarine plants to high salinities is
One adaptation of estuarine plants to high salinities is:
  • Aerenchyma
  • High rates of photosynthesis
  • Succulence
  • Strong root systems
one adaptation of estuarine plants to high salinities is39
One adaptation of estuarine plants to high salinities is:
  • Aerenchyma
  • High rates of photosynthesis
  • Succulence
  • Strong root systems
which of the following is not a hypothesis to explain deep sea diversity
Which of the following is not a hypothesis to explain deep sea diversity?
  • Stability time hypothesis
  • Keystone predation hypothesis
  • Cropper/disturbance hypothesis
  • Area hypothesis
which of the following is not a hypothesis to explain deep sea diversity41
Which of the following is not a hypothesis to explain deep sea diversity?
  • Stability time hypothesis
  • Keystone predation hypothesis
  • Cropper/disturbance hypothesis
  • Area hypothesis
in which of the following communities is there little or no chemosynthesis
In which of the following communities is there little or no chemosynthesis?
  • Rocky intertidal
  • Muddy intertidal
  • Deep sea vents
  • Cold seeps
in which of the following communities is there little or no chemosynthesis43
In which of the following communities is there little or no chemosynthesis?
  • Rocky intertidal
  • Muddy intertidal
  • Deep sea vents
  • Cold seeps
there are lots of periwinkles gastropods in the
There are lots of periwinkles (gastropods) in the:
  • Supralittoral fringe
  • Midlittoral zone
  • Infralittoral fringe
  • Infralittoral zone
there are lots of periwinkles gastropods in the45
There are lots of periwinkles (gastropods) in the:
  • Supralittoral fringe
  • Midlittoral zone
  • Infralittoral fringe
  • Infralittoral zone
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