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Selecting and Wiring Flowers Wiring Techniques essential to the floral designer only wire a flower if it cannot be used satisfactorily without it Florists wire used for a number of reasons straighten slightly crooked stems support weakened stems Florists wire

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Selecting and Wiring Flowers

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wiring techniques
Wiring Techniques
  • essential to the floral designer
  • only wire a flower if it cannot be used satisfactorily without it
florists wire
Florists wire
  • used for a number of reasons
  • straighten slightly crooked stems
  • support weakened stems
florists wire4
Florists wire
  • keep flowers upright and help prevent wilting
  • hold flowers and foliage in a desired position
florists wire5
Florists wire
  • prevent flower heads from breaking off the stem
  • replace flower stems on corsages so the corsage stem is not bulky
florists wire6
Florists wire
  • add accessories to corsages and arrangements
selecting wires
Selecting wires
  • commonly sold in twelve pound boxes
  • containing straight wires 18 inches long
  • number of wires per box varies according to the size of the wire
selecting wires8
Selecting wires
  • wires are coated with green enamel which helps prevent rusting
  • green color makes them less noticeable in the design
selecting wires9
Selecting wires
  • wire may also be purchased on spools for special needs such as making garlands or wreaths
sizes of wire
Sizes of wire
  • florist wire comes in various weights and diameters called gauges
  • size ranges from 18 - thickest, to 32 - thinnest
sizes of wire11
Sizes of wire
  • wire gauge numbers decrease as the wire gets larger
  • 20-26 gauge is the most common
sizes of wire12
Sizes of wire
  • proper size of wire is important
  • too large a wire will damage the flower
  • if wire is too thin the flower will not be properly supported
sizes of wire13
Sizes of wire
  • select the smallest wire that will support the flower and still hold it in place
  • should only be done when necessary
  • too much wire can detract from an arrangement
sizes of wire15
Sizes of wire
  • the size wire you choose is dependent upon the weight of the flower and the intended use
methods of wiring
Methods of wiring
  • straight wire method
  • used when the stem remains attached to the flower
  • most often used when wiring flowers for vase arrangements
straight wire
Straight Wire
  • hold a piece of 20 gauge wire about one half inch from the end
  • insert into the calyx - fleshy part of the flower below petals
straight wire18
Straight wire
  • push wire up toward your finger
  • wrap the wire carefully around the stem going between the leaves
  • wire should show as little as possible
hook method
Hook Method
  • used on daisies, asters, chrysanthemums and other flowers used for corsages and funeral work
  • method is recommended for any flower that breaks easily at the stem
hook method20
Hook Method
  • hook helps prevent flower from breaking off of stem
  • stem may be removed or left intact
  • depends on use of flower
hook method21
Hook Method
  • for corsage work, stem is cut 1/2 inch below the calyx
  • all remaining foliage is removed from stem
hook method22
Hook Method
  • wire is pushed up through the calyx and out the top of the flower
  • wire may also be pushed along the center of the stem
hook method23
Hook Method
  • bend end of wire that sticks out top of flower into a hook
  • pull the wire and the hook downward so that the hook disappears into the flower head
hook method24
Hook Method
  • if using the flower in a corsage, it is now ready to be taped
  • if using in an arrangement, wire is bent around stem to support it
piercing method
Piercing method
  • used on flowers that have an enlarged calyx
  • such as carnations and roses
  • stem is removed about one inch below calyx if for corsage
piercing method26
Piercing method
  • insert a wire through the calyx at a point halfway between the calyx and the petals
piercing method27
Piercing method
  • if for a vase arrangement, push wire till it sticks two inches beyond the calyx
  • bend both ends of wire down
  • wrap longest end around stem
piercing method28
Piercing method
  • for corsage, push the wire through to the midpoint
  • bend both sides down and tape
wrap method
Wrap method
  • used on foliage made of many small leaflets
  • leatherleaf
  • flowers composed of many small florets
wrap method30
Wrap method
  • cut the stem so that a small portion of the stem remains on the leaf
  • make a hairpin from 26-28 gauge wire
wrap method31
Wrap method
  • hang the hairpin over the lowest pair of leaflets so that the bend in the hairpin rests behind the stem
wrap method32
Wrap method
  • wind one wire over both the other wire and the stem of the leaflet
  • wrap the stem and wire with tape
stitch method
Stitch method
  • used most commonly on broad, leathery skinned leaves
  • foliages that have been wired are much easier to use because the wire creates an extended petiole
stitch method34
Stitch method
  • from the back side of the leaf, take a 26 gauge wire and pass the wire through the leaf under the midrib
  • stitch is made about halfway up the leaf
stitch method35
Stitch method
  • bend both ends of the wire down the back of the leaf
  • wrap one half of the wire around the other half and the petiole several times
stitch method36
Stitch method
  • tape the stem beginning at the base of the leaf
  • it is important to select the method that best suits the type of flower and its intended use
  • keep all wire hidden as much as possible
floral taping
Floral Taping
  • non sticky tape that will stick to itself when stretched
  • used primarily in corsage work to cover wires
  • bind wires to flower stems
floral taping39
Floral Taping
  • bind wired or taped flowers together
  • half inch width is the most common
  • one inch is also made but is not readily available
floral taping40
Floral Taping
  • primary brand names are “Floratape” and “Parafilm”
  • various colors available
  • moss green and foliage green are the most common
floral taping41
Floral Taping
  • white tape is used in wedding work while brown may be used for dried flowers
  • taping requires skill that is developed with practice
floral taping42
Floral Taping
  • taping is achieved by stretching the tape as you wrap it around the stem or wire or twist the wire or stem into the floral tape
floral taping43
Floral Taping
  • the tape becomes sticky as you stretch it and will stick to itself
  • properly taped wires will be smooth and lightly taped
floral taping44
Floral Taping
  • if the tape does not adhere to the wire and is loose, increase the tension on the tape.