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Information Communication Technology (ICT) in Schools in Cyprus . Philippos Pouyioutas, Vice Rector Emilios Solomou, Campus Director University of Nicosia/Intercollege. SOCRATES PROGRAMME Bridging Insula Europae 134214-LLL-1-2007-IT-COMENIUS-CMP. Research. The research conducted through

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Information communication technology ict in schools in cyprus l.jpg

Information Communication Technology (ICT) in Schools in Cyprus

Philippos Pouyioutas, Vice Rector

Emilios Solomou, Campus Director

University of Nicosia/Intercollege

SOCRATES PROGRAMME

Bridging Insula Europae

134214-LLL-1-2007-IT-COMENIUS-CMP


Research l.jpg
Research Cyprus

  • The research conducted through

    • literature review

    • interviews with teachers

    • interviews with university professors

    • questionnaires (based on the Research Index) sent to schools

    • interviews with experts

      has shown that ICT is adequately used in the Educational System of Cyprus.


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Literature Review Cyprus

  • The literature review has been carried out mainly through the Internet. The main source of information regarding the use of ICT in the state schools of primary and secondary Education in Cyprus is the Eurydice report: “Use of Computers and the Intranet in Schools in Europe 2006 – Country Brief Cyprus” at http://www.eurydice.org/portal/page/portal/Eurydice


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ICT in University Curriculum Cyprus

  • The research into the curriculum of the pre-primary and primary education programmes of study of 5 Universities in Cyprus revealed that there are 3-4 courses dedicated to the use of ICT in Schools.


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Questionnaires to Schools Cyprus

  • Completed written questionnaires (based on the Research Index) and reports from schools confirmed the findings from the interviews.


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Interviews with Experts (available on the Community Section Space)

  • Dr PhilipposPouyioutas, Professor, Department of Computer Science, Vice Rector, University of Nicosia, e-learning researcher

  • Dr DespoKtoridou, Associate Professor, Department of MIS, University of Nicosia, e-learning researcher

  • Mr YiannosMylonas, Head of the ICT Department and Computer Teacher, G. C. School of Careers, Nicosia


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ICT in State Schools Space)

  • The following information has been extracted from the Eurydice report “Use of Computers and the Intranet in Schools in Europe 2006 – Country Brief Cyprus”, at http://www.eurydice.org/portal/page/portal/Eurydice


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ICT Equipment and Internet in State Schools Space)

  • Percentage of Schools having

    • Computers for Teaching 99

    • Internet Access 95

    • Website 51

    • E-mail for Teachers 49

    • E-mail for Pupils 7

    • LAN 23

    • Intranet 17


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Computers for Education in State Schools Space)

  • Percentage of Schools using Computers in

    • Computer Lab 74

    • Classroom 90

    • Library 41

    • Other Locations 38


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Teachers and the use of ICT in State Schools Space)

  • 75% of the teachers have used computers in class

  • Most frequent and intensive use is made by teachers in primary schools

  • The older the teachers the less they make use of computers and the Internet

  • Teachers are very much in favour of using ICT

  • More than 95% of teachers see significant benefits for pupils from the use of ICT

  • 88% teachers wish there was better support and maintenance


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Computers used in Class in State Schools Space)

  • 75% of teachers have used computers in class

  • 69% of teachers use a computer to present or demonstrate

  • 51% of teachers have pupils use a computer in class


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Percentage of Computers used in Class in State Schools Space)

  • 17% of teachers use a computer in =<5% of their lessons

  • 18% of teachers use a computer in =>6% but =<10% of their lessons

  • 27% of teachers use a computer in =>11% but =<24% of their lessons

  • 27% of teachers use a computer in =>25% but =<50% of their lessons

  • 18% of teachers use a computer in =>51% of their lessons


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Source of Educational Material used in State Schools Space)

  • Percentage of teachers using Educational Material from

    • The Internet 77

    • The School Intranet 55

    • CDs 85


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Computer and Internet Access in State Schools Space)

  • Schools are well equipped with computers 68%

  • Internet is sufficiently fast 62%

  • Better maintenance is needed 89%

  • Poor quality of Internet material 31%

  • Hard to find good quality material 37%


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Teachers Attitudes Regarding the Use of ICT Space)

  • Percentage of teachers saying that computers/Internet should be used for

    • Students to do exercises and practice 65

    • Students to retrieve information 90

    • Teaching of office tools 60

    • Collaborative work 83


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Teachers Confidence in the Use of ICT Space)

  • Using word processing software 81%

  • Using presentation software 66%

  • Using email 62%

  • Downloading and installing software 35%


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Lack of Computers 57% Space)

Lack of Adequate Skills 14%

Lack of Interest 5%

Lack of Adequate Material 21%

Subject not Appropriate to be

taught using ICT 21%

Barriers for not using ICT in State Schools


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Conclusions from the Survey in State Schools Space)

  • ICT is adequately used in State Schools

  • Teachers are in favour in using ICT

  • Teachers are confident and motivated in using ICT

  • It seems that ICT is more used in Primary Education rather than in Secondary Education; this maybe due to the fact that Primary Education teachers take ICT courses when studying at University

  • Barriers still exist but the motivation and will to overcome the barriers also exist


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ICT in Private Schools Space)

  • Three (3) Private Schools of Secondary Education participated in our survey

  • The findings herein are based on

    • interviews with teachers

    • answered questionnaires


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How ICT and Web-Based Tools Are Used in Schools Space)

Internet: Research, find information, filter information, check for validity of information

software and hardware used for quizzes / tests; the students answer questions with a remote control. All remote controls are numbered. On the class projection screen every remote control corresponds to a rocket. If a student answers a question correctly his rocket moves forward (Rocket race). Students learn having fun. Teachers can correct and analyze results easily.


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How ICT and Web-Based Tools are Used in Schools Space)

Spreadsheet to solve problems – in accounting, physics, small scale simulations

Interactive boards. Teachers can get the attention of the students easier than using traditional methods.

Projectors, PowerPoint presentations and multimedia are used by teachers to deliver their lessons.


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How ICT and Web-Based Tools are Used in Schools Space)

School administration: A DBMS is used for keeping information and creating reports about students, teachers and classes.

A custom made software is used by students to vote for the student council

A custom made software is used for evaluation purposes


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ICT used by students Space)

  • To entertain

    • Students prepare CDs, DVDs for student organized events containing videos, songs, and PowerPoint presentations.

  • To learn

    • Access to the Internet

    • students learn how to use different software and hardware, how to prepare documents, spreadsheets, PowerPoint presentations, websites and e-books.


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ICT used by students Space)

  • To collect information

    • Wide internet use

  • To communicate with teachers, friends, schoolmates

    • Students use email to communicate with teachers and schoolmates


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ICT used by teachers Space)

  • To learn

    • Wide internet use: WebPages, forums, encyclopaedias.

  • To collect information

    • Wide internet use: WebPages, forums, encyclopaedias.

  • To communicate with students, parents, colleagues

    • Teachers use email to communicate with students and colleagues.


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Changes needed because of ICT-based teaching/learning Space)

Teachers need to be trained

Teachers need to be supported

Teachers need to adjust their lessons

Classes need to be shaped and equipped in a different way

Schools have to employ more computer professionals

Parents/teachers may feel left behind


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How Schools Deal With the Required Changes Space)

  • Schools have employed a group of ICT professionals responsible for the following:

    • Study the changes in educational technology

    • Suggest educational technologies to be used in the school

    • Train the teachers

    • Offer support to the staff


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Barriers and Obstacles in Using ICT Space)

Technology is expensive

Training is needed. Not all teachers are competent computer users.

Time is needed to prepare lessons using technology – teachers may not have the time to do so.

Resistance to change.


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Reasons Why ICT is not Fully Utilized in Schools Space)

  • Cost

    • it is very expensive to fully equip all classes with appropriate hardware and software; support and security issues also arise; a School network is expensive to create, upgrade and support.

  • Training

    • an ongoing process; time consuming; not all teachers can learn at the same pace.


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Conclusions Space) From the survey in Private Schools

ICT is widely used in Private Schools for teaching/learning and administrative work

Teachers and students are motivated and willing to adopt ICT teaching/learning

Private Schools invest heavily in ICT

Barriers still exist but the will is there to overcome them


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Some examples of ICT projects we have been involved – some more best practices

EIT E-Learning Portal (English for Information Technology Students) http://www.english-it.eu/

Web-Based School Administration System based on the University of Nicosia Faculty/Student Intranet www.facultyintranet.intercol.edu, www.intranet.unic.ac.cy/default.asp