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Information Communication Technology (ICT) in Schools in Cyprus . Philippos Pouyioutas, Vice Rector Emilios Solomou, Campus Director University of Nicosia/Intercollege. SOCRATES PROGRAMME Bridging Insula Europae 134214-LLL-1-2007-IT-COMENIUS-CMP. Research. The research conducted through
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Information Communication Technology (ICT) in Schools in Cyprus Philippos Pouyioutas, Vice Rector Emilios Solomou, Campus Director University of Nicosia/Intercollege SOCRATES PROGRAMME Bridging Insula Europae 134214-LLL-1-2007-IT-COMENIUS-CMP
Research • The research conducted through • literature review • interviews with teachers • interviews with university professors • questionnaires (based on the Research Index) sent to schools • interviews with experts has shown that ICT is adequately used in the Educational System of Cyprus.
Literature Review • The literature review has been carried out mainly through the Internet. The main source of information regarding the use of ICT in the state schools of primary and secondary Education in Cyprus is the Eurydice report: “Use of Computers and the Intranet in Schools in Europe 2006 – Country Brief Cyprus” at http://www.eurydice.org/portal/page/portal/Eurydice
ICT in University Curriculum • The research into the curriculum of the pre-primary and primary education programmes of study of 5 Universities in Cyprus revealed that there are 3-4 courses dedicated to the use of ICT in Schools.
Questionnaires to Schools • Completed written questionnaires (based on the Research Index) and reports from schools confirmed the findings from the interviews.
Interviews with Experts (available on the Community Section Space) • Dr PhilipposPouyioutas, Professor, Department of Computer Science, Vice Rector, University of Nicosia, e-learning researcher • Dr DespoKtoridou, Associate Professor, Department of MIS, University of Nicosia, e-learning researcher • Mr YiannosMylonas, Head of the ICT Department and Computer Teacher, G. C. School of Careers, Nicosia
ICT in State Schools • The following information has been extracted from the Eurydice report “Use of Computers and the Intranet in Schools in Europe 2006 – Country Brief Cyprus”, at http://www.eurydice.org/portal/page/portal/Eurydice
ICT Equipment and Internet in State Schools • Percentage of Schools having • Computers for Teaching 99 • Internet Access 95 • Website 51 • E-mail for Teachers 49 • E-mail for Pupils 7 • LAN 23 • Intranet 17
Computers for Education in State Schools • Percentage of Schools using Computers in • Computer Lab 74 • Classroom 90 • Library 41 • Other Locations 38
Teachers and the use of ICT in State Schools • 75% of the teachers have used computers in class • Most frequent and intensive use is made by teachers in primary schools • The older the teachers the less they make use of computers and the Internet • Teachers are very much in favour of using ICT • More than 95% of teachers see significant benefits for pupils from the use of ICT • 88% teachers wish there was better support and maintenance
Computers used in Class in State Schools • 75% of teachers have used computers in class • 69% of teachers use a computer to present or demonstrate • 51% of teachers have pupils use a computer in class
Percentage of Computers used in Class in State Schools • 17% of teachers use a computer in =<5% of their lessons • 18% of teachers use a computer in =>6% but =<10% of their lessons • 27% of teachers use a computer in =>11% but =<24% of their lessons • 27% of teachers use a computer in =>25% but =<50% of their lessons • 18% of teachers use a computer in =>51% of their lessons
Source of Educational Material used in State Schools • Percentage of teachers using Educational Material from • The Internet 77 • The School Intranet 55 • CDs 85
Computer and Internet Access in State Schools • Schools are well equipped with computers 68% • Internet is sufficiently fast 62% • Better maintenance is needed 89% • Poor quality of Internet material 31% • Hard to find good quality material 37%
Teachers Attitudes Regarding the Use of ICT • Percentage of teachers saying that computers/Internet should be used for • Students to do exercises and practice 65 • Students to retrieve information 90 • Teaching of office tools 60 • Collaborative work 83
Teachers Confidence in the Use of ICT • Using word processing software 81% • Using presentation software 66% • Using email 62% • Downloading and installing software 35%
Lack of Computers 57% Lack of Adequate Skills 14% Lack of Interest 5% Lack of Adequate Material 21% Subject not Appropriate to be taught using ICT 21% Barriers for not using ICT in State Schools
Conclusions from the Survey in State Schools • ICT is adequately used in State Schools • Teachers are in favour in using ICT • Teachers are confident and motivated in using ICT • It seems that ICT is more used in Primary Education rather than in Secondary Education; this maybe due to the fact that Primary Education teachers take ICT courses when studying at University • Barriers still exist but the motivation and will to overcome the barriers also exist
ICT in Private Schools • Three (3) Private Schools of Secondary Education participated in our survey • The findings herein are based on • interviews with teachers • answered questionnaires
How ICT and Web-Based Tools Are Used in Schools Internet: Research, find information, filter information, check for validity of information software and hardware used for quizzes / tests; the students answer questions with a remote control. All remote controls are numbered. On the class projection screen every remote control corresponds to a rocket. If a student answers a question correctly his rocket moves forward (Rocket race). Students learn having fun. Teachers can correct and analyze results easily.
How ICT and Web-Based Tools are Used in Schools Spreadsheet to solve problems – in accounting, physics, small scale simulations Interactive boards. Teachers can get the attention of the students easier than using traditional methods. Projectors, PowerPoint presentations and multimedia are used by teachers to deliver their lessons.
How ICT and Web-Based Tools are Used in Schools School administration: A DBMS is used for keeping information and creating reports about students, teachers and classes. A custom made software is used by students to vote for the student council A custom made software is used for evaluation purposes
ICT used by students • To entertain • Students prepare CDs, DVDs for student organized events containing videos, songs, and PowerPoint presentations. • To learn • Access to the Internet • students learn how to use different software and hardware, how to prepare documents, spreadsheets, PowerPoint presentations, websites and e-books.
ICT used by students • To collect information • Wide internet use • To communicate with teachers, friends, schoolmates • Students use email to communicate with teachers and schoolmates
ICT used by teachers • To learn • Wide internet use: WebPages, forums, encyclopaedias. • To collect information • Wide internet use: WebPages, forums, encyclopaedias. • To communicate with students, parents, colleagues • Teachers use email to communicate with students and colleagues.
Changes needed because of ICT-based teaching/learning Teachers need to be trained Teachers need to be supported Teachers need to adjust their lessons Classes need to be shaped and equipped in a different way Schools have to employ more computer professionals Parents/teachers may feel left behind
How Schools Deal With the Required Changes • Schools have employed a group of ICT professionals responsible for the following: • Study the changes in educational technology • Suggest educational technologies to be used in the school • Train the teachers • Offer support to the staff
Barriers and Obstacles in Using ICT Technology is expensive Training is needed. Not all teachers are competent computer users. Time is needed to prepare lessons using technology – teachers may not have the time to do so. Resistance to change.
Reasons Why ICT is not Fully Utilized in Schools • Cost • it is very expensive to fully equip all classes with appropriate hardware and software; support and security issues also arise; a School network is expensive to create, upgrade and support. • Training • an ongoing process; time consuming; not all teachers can learn at the same pace.
Conclusions From the survey in Private Schools ICT is widely used in Private Schools for teaching/learning and administrative work Teachers and students are motivated and willing to adopt ICT teaching/learning Private Schools invest heavily in ICT Barriers still exist but the will is there to overcome them
Some examples of ICT projects we have been involved – some more best practices EIT E-Learning Portal (English for Information Technology Students) http://www.english-it.eu/ Web-Based School Administration System based on the University of Nicosia Faculty/Student Intranet www.facultyintranet.intercol.edu, www.intranet.unic.ac.cy/default.asp