slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Communication PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Communication

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Communication - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 763 Views
  • Uploaded on

Communication. The exchange of ideas, information, etc. between two or more persons. In an act of communication there is usually at least a speaker or sender , a message which is transmitted, and a person or persons for whom this message is intended (the receiver ). Communication.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Communication' - Leo


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Communication

The exchange of ideas, information, etc. between two or more persons. In an act of communication there is usually at least a speaker or sender, a message which is transmitted, and a person or persons for whom this message is intended (the receiver).

slide2

Communication

The process that occurs when ideas, information and feelings are conveyed between individuals or groups of individuals for deliberate purposes. (Buguley 1994)

slide3

Communication

A process of transmitting and receiving verbal or non-verbal messages that produces a response (Murphy and Hildebrandt 1991)

slide4

Components of the Communication Process

Source/sender is the person who initiates the message

Message is the information transmitted

* verbal and non-verbal

Channel is medium through which messages reaches the receiver (auditory, visual, etc)

Receiver is the person to whom the message is targeted/addressed

slide5

What are the factors influencing communication?

The factors influencing communication are the individual’s perception of the environment;

the cultural context of the interaction;

the individual’s definition of acceptable space and distance, or personal space;

and the amount of time available for the communication.

These factors interact with the components of the communication process (sender, message, channel, and receiver).

slide6

What are the modes of communication?

The modes of communication are both verbal and nonverbal.

Verbal communication includes messages sent with words / language. Verbal communication can be spoken or written.

Nonverbal communication includes messages sent through body language, such as posture, gestures, touch, facial expressions, and physical appearance.

slide7

Verbal /Nonverbal communication

A great deal of information is exchanged through nonverbal channels

Ex: a clenched jaw, narrowed eyes, or slumped posture can be interpreted as conveying anger, distrust, or disinterest.

Steady eye contact, a tilted head, and a reassuring smile can demonstrate interest and empathy. 

slide8

Body language

  • The human body signals identity (gender, race, ethnicity, age, occupation, social class, personality, and more )
  • Space, gaze, and touch signal approach or avoidance
  • Facial expressions communicate emotions (consciouosly or unconciously)
  • Gesturesaccompany and substitute speech
  • Voice conveys the nonverbal elements of speech(pitch, speech rate, pronunciation, volume)
slide9

Roman Jakobson’s model of verbal communication

  • In 1950 Roman Jakobson (Russian linguist ) introduced a theory concerning the purposes of the language used in human communication.
  • This model of communication functions consists of two layers of description:
  • the various elements of language use (factors/components of verbal communication)
  • what humans do with the language when they use it (functions of verbal communication).
jakobson s language functions factors functions
Jakobson’s Language FunctionsFactors Functions
  • Sender
  • Receiver
  • Message
  • Context
  • Channel
  • Code
examples
Examples
  • I’m terribly sorry to interrupt, but if you would be so kind as to lower your voices a little.

(emotive / expressive function focus on the sender)

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

http://www.sprog.asb.dk/la/

slide13

Will you belt up!

  • (conative / directive function  focus on the receiver)
slide14

It was a burning hot day; the air was stifling; one could hardly breathe even near the sea.

  • (informative / referential funtion  focus on the content)
slide15

It was a beautiful warm day; the air was like velvet; the sea air was invigorating.

  • (poetic function  focus on the message)
slide16

Nice weather today!

  • (phatic funtion  focus on the contact/channel)
model for textual analysis
Model for textual analysis
  • 1. Informative/referential function
      • Focus on content: explanation, definition, description

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

http://www.sprog.asb.dk/la/

slide18
Expressive / emotive function
      • Focus on sender’s attitude to topic: positive, negative, ironical, sentimental etc.
      • Focus on sender’s attitude to receiver: equal, authority, personal, impersonal, solidarity etc.
      • As reflected in choice of words, sentence structure etc.

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

http://www.sprog.asb.dk/la/

slide19
Directive /conative function
    • Focus on receiver:
      • Explicit – order, request, demand, warning, advice etc.
      • Implicit – through expressive means changing people’s mind

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

http://www.sprog.asb.dk/la/

slide20
Phatic function
    • Focus on the ’channel’ between sender and receiver for the purpose of inviting or maintaining communication
      • Reflected in use of pronouns, rhetorical expressions

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

http://www.sprog.asb.dk/la/

slide21
Poetic function
    • Focus on the form of the message
      • Reflected in: imagery such as metaphor, simile, puns, allegory, assonance, etc.

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

http://www.sprog.asb.dk/la/

slide22
Metalingual function
    • Focus on language itself (the code). Language turned back on itself, language about language:
      • Reflected in terminology of linguistics: adjective, pronoun, sentence, etc. – and questions like ’What do you mean when you say…..?’

From Introduction to Textual Analysis, Lone Albrecht English Dept. ASB

http://www.sprog.asb.dk/la/

slide23

Links:

Roman Jakobson: http://www.press.jhu.edu/books/hopkins_guide_to_literary_theory/roman_jakobson.html