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Identity and Conflict in the Balkans Fifth Week, Thursday Announcements Study Guide News Film Today: Tito and Me Final remarks Letter, Catholic Church Final speech Suicide of Raja Depiction of Tito Zoran learns about life Cruelty of adults Limitations of adults Meaning of friendship

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Presentation Transcript
announcements
Announcements
  • Study Guide
  • News
film today tito and me
Film Today: Tito and Me
  • Final remarks
  • Letter, Catholic Church
  • Final speech
  • Suicide of Raja
  • Depiction of Tito
  • Zoran learns about life
  • Cruelty of adults
  • Limitations of adults
  • Meaning of friendship
milovan djilas in kaplan
Milovan Djilas (in Kaplan)
  • Right-hand of Tito in late 40s, early 50s
  • Importance in break with Stalin
  • Change in views: dissident
  • Imprisonment; disgrace in 60s
  • Literary, cultural output
  • Died in 1995
  • Significance for Serbian culture, politics
kaplan chapter 4 white city
Kaplan Chapter 4: White City
  • Beograd (Belgrade)
  • Danube and Sava Rivers (Old Fortress)
  • Border of two empires
reading discussion assignment
Reading-Discussion Assignment
  • Ivo Andrić’s Bridge on the Drina
  • Through page 101 for exam
history of the bridge
History of the bridge
  • 16th century
  • Years to build: follow the seasons
  • Slave labor (early years)
cultures hierarchies identities
Cultures, hierarchies, identities
  • References to conversions
  • Tension between Christians and Muslims
  • History and myth
  • Power struggles
  • Violence
next kaplan chapters
Next Kaplan Chapters
  • Old Serbia
  • Albania
  • Macedonia
  • Beograd
serbia issues
Serbia: Issues
  • Religion: Serbian Orthodoxy as strong part of identity
  • Spirituality, suffering, martyrdom as themes: Kosovo Field
  • Importance of monasteries: Gračanica
politics
Politics
  • Svetozvar Marović, President of S-M
  • President Boris Tadić of Serbia
  • Political issues with Serbian PM Vojislav Koštunica
long literary and cultural heritage
Long literary and cultural heritage

Cultural-political meaning: lost battle must be avenged; forces of good vs. evil

  • Be patient; accept suffering; revolt; redemption
albania
Albania
  • 20th Century: World Wars, Tito and Hoxha
  • Post-Tito: Kosovo again
history of albania
History of Albania
  • The Sahat Kulla (Clock Tower) and Ethem Bey's Mosque \
  • Tirana (capital)
albania15
Albania
  • Population 3.5 million
  • Illyrian heritage (pre-Greek)
  • Occupied territory long before Slavs
  • Distinctive language
  • Centuries of Turkish occupation
  • Occupied Kosovo, but never held it long
  • Complex role in WWII
  • Very secular state
  • Animosity based on memory of massacres
ottoman domination 1479 1912
Ottoman domination 1479-1912
  • 1878 Albanian League begins struggle for independence (in Kosova)
  • Uprisings in 1881, 1910, 1912
  • Declaration of Independence in 1912
  • Territory ceded to Serbia in 1913 by London Ambassadors’ Conference
wwi wwii
WWI-WWII
  • Occupied by Greece, France, Italy, Serbia, Austria-Hungary
  • Enver Hoxha (Communist) led resistance in 1940s, WWII
  • People’s Republic in 1946
  • Maintained independence and isolation from world powers, with special Chinese connections
after communism
After Communism
  • Hoxha died in 1985
  • Communist rule ended in 1992
  • Severe economic problems
  • Migration of workers abroad
  • Territory claims by Greece (which calls part of Albania Northern Epiros)
  • Support for Kosova and Macedonian Albanians
facts
Facts
  • Population: 3.2 million (UN, 2004)
  • Capital: Tirana
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
  • Main exports: Chromium and chrome products, processed foodstuffs
politics21
Politics
  • President: Alfred Moisiu
  • Prime minister: Sali Berisha
kaplan chapter 3 macedonia
Kaplan Chapter 3: Macedonia
  • Complex stories
  • Competing nationalisms
  • Common elements: hatred and fear
ottoman domination
Ottoman Domination
  • Conquered in 1389
  • 19th century: Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria make claims on Macedonian territory
  • Independence movements around turn of century (1900)
  • Partitioned by Treaty of London in 1913: Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Albania
post wwi
Post-WWI
  • Greece actively promoting “Greek-ness” of Macedonia
  • Numerous independence activities
  • WWII: Nazi Bulgaria occupied Macedonia
  • Resistance efforts: independent Macedonia (in part)
  • Not recognized by Greece
republic of macedonia 1991
Republic of Macedonia 1991
  • Name issues with Greece
  • Officially “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”
  • Problems with Albania too: origins, original territory rights
  • Refugee problems
leaders today
Leaders Today
  • President: Branko Crvenkovski
  • Prime minister: Vlado Buckovski
topics kaplan
Topics (Kaplan)
  • 1877 Treaty of San Stefano
  • 1878 Congress of Berlin
  • Gotse Delchev
  • Balkan wars, 1912 and 1913
  • WWI
  • Bulgaria and Bulgarians
film before the rain
Film: Before the Rain
  • "Before the Rain refers to the feeling of heavy expectation, when the skies are pregnant with the possibility of an outburst, when the people are silent, waiting for a tragedy of cleansing," writer/director Milcho Manchevski
  • 1994; directed by Milcho Manchevski
  • Rade Šerbedžia
  • Macedonia-Great Britain
awards
Awards
  • Released in 1995
  • Independent Spirit Award,
  • Best Foreign Film, 1996
  • Oscar nominee, 1995; Golden Lion for the Best Movie, Venice, 1995
  • 30 awards overall
film before the rain38
Film Before the Rain
  • Novice Kiril discovers visitor
  • Murder suspect-fugitive-Albanian
  • Relatives of victim—search
  • Violence
  • Suspense
rain 2
Rain-2
  • Kiril and Zamira are discovered
  • Kiril is kicked out of the monastery
  • Kiril and Zemfira leave together
  • Zemfira’s grandfather and brothers/cousins find them
  • Zemfira tries to leave with Kiril and is killed by her brother
rain 3
Rain – 3
  • Section section (“Faces”; first was “Words”)
  • Anne showers, weeping
  • Anne finds out she’s pregnant
  • Anne meets her mother
  • Alexander joins them
  • Alex and Anne in the taxi
rain 4
Rain – 4
  • Be ready for narrative surprises, shifts in chronology
  • Violence continues: why?
politics42
Politics
  • President: Alfred Moisiu
  • Prime minister: Fatos Nano