Group Dynamics: Helping Groups to Work Effectively - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Group Dynamics: Helping Groups to Work Effectively

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  1. Group Dynamics: Helping Groups to Work Effectively Courtesy ofDeborah Allen and Betsy Lieux

  2. Session Objective To explore and discuss strategies an instructor can use to maintain functional groups in the classroom

  3. WHY USE GROUPS? Committed to it based on research and observation Simulates the “real world” - use of teams Learn better when actively involved Peer instruction, teaching each other Learn more fully and with less effort Learn in context Johnson, Johnson and Smith. ERIC ASHE Higher Education Report No. 4

  4. The Top Five Ways to Wreck a Group List 5 behaviors or actions that can undermine good group Function. Report out in 5 minutes.

  5. Questions to Consider What if anything is wrong with this group? What could be done to help this group work better? Could this situation have been prevented?

  6. Questions to Consider What if anything is wrong with this group? What could be done to help this group work better? Could this situation have been prevented?

  7. Videotape Credits Authors: “I Want To Be in My Professor’s Group” – Jessica Horvath “Dawn’s Eight O’Clock” – Harold White Director: Nancy King Producers: Deborah Allen & Harold White Student Actors: Melissa Reddish, John Dueber, Michelle Lyons, Eric Moskal, Crystal Mack, Amanda Simons

  8. Suggestions for Using Groups Set the stage early. Select heterogeneous groups. Use permanent groups of about 4-6. Rotate roles of responsibility. Construct group-selected ground rules. Use periodic peer evaluation.

  9. Using Groups in Larger Classes Strategies that can work: Well-defined activities Bring the class together for discussion and/or clarification at about15 min. intervals Group products Look for signs of behaviors that undermine group function Use undergraduate (peer) group facilitators

  10. nce upon a time... A team of students had four members called Everybody, Somebody, Anybody, and Nobody. There was an important job to be done. Everybody was sure that Somebody would do it. Anybody could have done it, but Nobody did it. Somebody got angry about that because it was Everybody’s job. Everybody thought Anybody could do it but Nobody realized that Everybody wouldn’t do it. It ended up that Everybody blamed Somebody when Nobody did what Anybody could have done. - Graham Gibbs, “Learning in Teams”

  11. Exploration of PBL Course Syllabus