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China Yuan Dynasty 4. Mongols: Yuan Dynasty. Mongols under Genghis Khan Dominate Eurasia Powerful, mounted military Aggressive military and political policies Establish Yuan Dynasty in China in 1280 AD Dominate surrounding nations Take on Chinese dress and habits quickly.

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mongols yuan dynasty
Mongols: Yuan Dynasty

Mongols under Genghis Khan Dominate Eurasia

  • Powerful, mounted military
  • Aggressive military and political policies
  • Establish Yuan Dynasty in China in 1280 AD
    • Dominate surrounding nations
    • Take on Chinese dress and habits quickly
mongols yuan dynasty3
Mongols: Yuan Dynasty

Establish Yuan Dynasty in China in 1280 AD under Kublai Khan

  • Dominate surrounding nations
  • Take on Chinese dress and habits quickly
yuan dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
  • Extend China’s power over neighboring nations
  • Unable to convince Chinese population of their legitimacy, or Mandate of Heaven
  • Always “Barbarians”
yuan dynasty and the arts
Yuan Dynasty and the Arts
  • Cultivated Chinese art and Philosophy to try and build legitimacy
yuan dynasty relations with korea and japan
Yuan Dynasty:Relations with Korea and Japan
  • Mongol drive for dominance continues past China
  • Koryo Dynasty in Korea surrenders and swears allegiance to Yuan Dynasty
  • Japan refuses to recognize Yuan as their tributary leader
yuan dynasty relations with korea and japan7
Yuan Dynasty:Relations with Korea and Japan

Yuan dynasty invades Japan 1274 AD

  • Korean built ships, Korean sailors
  • Invasion repulsed by Japan
  • 2nd Attempt at invasion in

1281 AD

  • Much larger armada
  • Mongol marines
  • Invasion appears to be succeeding
yuan dynasty and japan
Yuan Dynasty and Japan

Japan: the islands of the gods or “kami”

  • Last minute rescue by the gods
  • Typhoon blows up and sinks the Mongol/Korean armada
  • Winds are “kaze” in Japanese
  • Japan saved by divine winds or:

“Kamikaze”

yuan s demise
Yuan’s Demise
  • Unable to achieve legitimacy, the Yuan dynasty struggles to maintain control in China
  • Major drought creates gigantic dust bowl in the Chinese plains
  • Famine spurs revolt