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Art Criticism and Aesthetics

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  1. Art Criticism and Aesthetics Chapter 4

  2. Art Criticism: Aesthetic Qualities • Art critics search for aesthetic qualities that can increase their understanding of the works and serve as the criteria on which their judgments are based. Juan Gris, Violin-Guitar,1913

  3. Art Criticism Approach • What is seen in the artwork? • How is the artwork designed? • What does it mean? • Is it a successful work of art?

  4. Art Criticism Approach • Description: Inventory of everything they see in the work. The literal qualities, or realistic presentation of subject matter, and the elements of art found in the work. • Identify the elements of art present in the work.

  5. Art Criticism Approach Diego Rivera, The Flower Carrier, 1936.

  6. Art Criticism Approach • Analysis: Using the principles of art to determine how the elements of art used in the picture are organized. • Design qualities: how well the work is organized, or put together.

  7. Van Gogh, Cottage, 1899.

  8. Swans Reflecting Elephants, Salvador Dali, 1937.

  9. Art Criticism Approach • Interpretation: Identifying the expressive qualities of meaning of the work based on his/her description and analysis of the work. Andy Goldsworthy, Roof, 2005.

  10. Art Criticism Approach • Judgment: Making a judgment and defending it depends on the theory or theories of art the critic favors. Jasper Johns, Flags, 1968. Color Lithograph.

  11. Aesthetics and Art Criticism • Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy concerned with identifying the clues within artworks that can be used to understand, judge, and defend judgments about those works.

  12. Theories of Art • Imitationalism (realism): Realistic presentation of subject matter. Reminds viewers of what can be seen in the real world. • Formalism: depends on the design qualities or the way it is organized. • Emotionalism: The artwork communicates an emotion or idea to the viewer.

  13. Imitationalism (Realism) Andrew Wyeth, Master Bedroom, 1946

  14. Emotionalism Jacob Lawrence, Confrontation on The Bridge, 1975

  15. Theories of Art • The critic may use more than one theory.

  16. Nonobjective Art • Any artwork that contains no apparent reference to reality. Stuart Davis, Swing Landscape, 1938.

  17. Art Criticism Operations and Architecture • You can use art criticism the same way with architecture: Identify, Analyze, Interpret, and Judge. Stuart Davis, Hot Stillscape For Six Colors Seventh Avenue Style, 1940.