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  1. IS404Business Information Systems • Olayele Adelakun (Ph.D) • Assistant Professor CTI • Office: Room 735 CTI 7th Floor • Phone: 312-362-8231 • Fax: 312-362-6116 • Email : yele@cs.depaul.edu • Web: http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/yele/is404.asp.

  2. Agenda • Expectation? • Course Overview • Areas of Interest • Lecture Notes

  3. Expectations? Reasons to study Business IS What would you like to get out of this course.

  4. Agenda • Expectations? • Course Overview • Areas of Interest • Lecture Notes

  5. Course Overview • Objective • Topics • Course Materials • Assignments

  6. Objectives • After completing this course students and managers should have a better: • understanding of the variety of information management issues facing managers, groups and individuals in organizations. • understanding of the variety of ways in which IS and IT can be used to support and facilitate various organizational objectives or undermine them. • understanding of the various technologies that could be used to simplify organizations' business processes

  7. Topics • Information Technology in Digital Economy • Information Technology Concepts and management • Strategic Information Systems for Competitive Advantage • E-Commerce • Supply Chain Management and ERP systems • Organization Applications • Knowledge Management and DSS • Case studies

  8. Course Materials • Information Technology for Management, 3rd Edition, by Turban, McLean, and Wetherbe. Published by John Wiley and Sons, 2002. • Case studies – will be distributed in class • Other supporting documents

  9. Course Materials • Other supporting documents – Useful Publications • BUSINESS • Businessweek www.businessweek.com • Crain’s www.crainschicagobusiness.com • Wall Street Journal www.wsj.com • World Business Review wbrtv.com • USEFUL SITE with Subscription Newsletters • IT World www.itworld.com • Infoworld www.iwsubscribe.com • TECHNOLOGY • Communications of the ACM (CACM) www.acm.org • MIT Technology Review www.technologyreview.com • i-street www.i-street.com • e-commerce times www.ecommercetimes.com • Enterprise Systems Journal www.esj.com

  10. Grading

  11. Group Assignment • 3-5 Students per group • Each group will study one of the following type of systems and how an organization is using it: • Enterprise Resources Planning Systems (ERP) • E-commerce or M-commerce systems • Customer Relationship management systems (CRM) • Supply chain management systems • Knowledge management systems • Strategic Systems • See details at http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/yele/Course/IS404/project/IS404-Spring-2003-Group-project.doc

  12. Question

  13. Agenda • Expectations? • Course Overview • Areas of Interest • Lecture Notes

  14. Areas of Interest • What will be of high interest to you? • What would you like to be added to meet your learning goals

  15. Agenda • Expectations? • Course Overview • Areas of Interest • Lecture Notes

  16. Lecture Note Information Technology in the Digital Age

  17. EC & Networked Computing • Electronic commerce (EC) is the use of Web-based systems to support buying, selling, and customer service. • Click-and-mortar companies add some EC activities to their regular business. • Networked computing connects several computers and other electronic devices via telecommunication networks. • Informationtechnology (IT) refers to the collection of computer systems used by an organization.

  18. IT in Business Organizations • Why • Improve productivity • Reduce cost • Improve decision making • Enhance customer relationships • Developing new strategic applications • Wreden 1997

  19. The Digital Economy • The digital economy refers to an economy that is based on digital technologies, including digital communication networks, computers, and software. • The digital economy is also sometimes called the Internet economy, the New economy, or the Web economy.

  20. Old Economy You buy film at the store, insert it into your camera & take pictures. Once you complete the film, sometimes weeks or months after you began the roll, you take it to the store for processing. Go back to the store and pay for enlargements and duplications. Send photos to family and friends. New Economy Use a digital camera that can also take videos. No film is needed, and no processing required. You can see the results immediately & enlarge & print photos quickly. If your digital camera is connected to a wireless device (such as a palmtop computer or a cell phone) take pictures and see them within a few seconds. Old vs. New Economy: Photography

  21. Business Model • A business model is a method of doing business by which a company can generate revenue to sustain itself. • For further reading see http://digitalenterprise.org/models/models.html.

  22. Digital Economy Business Models • Name-Your-Own-Price. Pioneered by Priceline.com, this model allows customers to state a price they are willing to pay for a product or service. • Dynamic Brokering. In the digital age customers can specify requirements for a service or a product. These specifications are broadcast over the Internet (“Webcasted”) to service providers in an automatic invitation to submit bids. • www.GetThere.com.

  23. Digital Economy Business Models (cont.) • Affiliate marketing is an arrangement in which marketing partners place a banner of a company, such as Amazon.com, on their Web site. • Group Purchasing. Anyone can pay less per unit when buying more units. Discounts are usually available for quantity purchases. • www.etrrane.com. • E-marketplaces and Exchanges. Since 1999, thousands of electronic marketplaces, of different varieties, have sprung up.

  24. Major Business Pressures

  25. Rapid and inexpensive communication and transportation modes increase the magnitude of international trade even further. Market Pressures • Global Economy & Strong Competition.  Global competition is intensified as governments become involved through the use of subsidies, tax policies, import/export regulations & incentives.

  26. Changing Nature of the Workforce.  The workforce is becoming more diversified, with more females, single parents, minorities, and handicapped persons working in all types of positions. Powerful Customers.  Consumer sophistication & expectations increase as customers become more knowledgeable about the availability and quality of products and services. Market Pressures(cont.)

  27. Technological Innovation & Obsolescence.  Some of today’s state-of-the-art products may be obsolete tomorrow. Thus, technology accelerates the competitive forces. Information Overload.  The amount of information available on the Internet more than doubles every year. The management of information is critical. Technology Pressures

  28. Social Responsibility.  Issues range from the environment to education. Government Regulations. Regulation issues involve health, safety, environmental control, and equal opportunity. Government Deregulation. Deregulation can be a blessing to one company but a curse to another company. Ethical Issues.  Business ethics relates to standards of right and wrong in business practices. Societal Pressures (cont.)

  29. Organizational Framework

  30. Organizations’ Major Responses • Strategic systems for competitive advantage • Continuous improvement efforts • Business process reengineering (BPR) • Business alliances • Electronic commerce

  31. Organizations’ Major Responses • Strategic Systems provide organizations with strategies to increase their market share, better negotiate with suppliers, or stop competitors. • Continuous Improvement Efforts aim to improve a company’s productivity and quality. Examples include: • Improved productivity Managing enterprise data • Just-in-time (JIT) Innovation and creativity • Total quality management  Change management • Knowledge management Customer service

  32. Organizations’ Major Responses • Business Process Reengineering refers to the introduction of a major innovation in an organization’s structure & the way it conducts business. • The major areas in which IT supports BPR are the following; • Reducing cycle time and time to market. • Empowerment of employees and collaborative work.  • Customer-focused approach and CRM. • Restructuring and team-based structure.

  33. Organizations’ Major Responses • Business Alliances.  Many companies realize that alliances with other companies, even competitors, can be very beneficial. • Temporary jointventure = companies form a special company for a specific, limited-time mission. • Electronic Commerce. Doing business electronically is the newest and perhaps most promising strategy that many companies can pursue.

  34. Computer-Based Information System A computer-based information system (CBIS) is an information system that uses computer technology to perform some or all of its intended tasks.

  35. Hardware is a set of devices such as processor, monitor, keyboard, and printer. Software is a set of programs that enable the hardware to process data. Database is a collection of related files, tables, relations, and so on, that stores data. Network is a connecting system that permits the sharing of resources between computers. Procedures are the set of instructions about how to combine the above components. People are those individuals who work with the system or use its output. Components of Information Systems

  36. Information Systems

  37. Information System Categories Which product was delivered last week? Purchasing, reserving airline ticket, ordering, etc. CAD & CAM Which customers do not Pay their bills on time? DSS Groupware GDSS EIS

  38. How can we recognize the opportunities for using IT and Web-based systems? How important is IT? In some cases, IT is the only approach that can help organizations. Who is going to build, operate, and maintain the information systems? How much IT? IT does not come free, but not having it may be much costlier. Managerial Issues

  39. Is the situation going to change? Yes, the pressures will be stronger as time passes & the IT role will be even more important. What about ethics and social issues? The implementation of IT involves many ethical and social issues. What about Globalization? Globalization opens many opportunities, ranging from selling products and services online, to conducting joint ventures or investing in them. How can an organization transform itself to the digital economy? Managerial Issues (cont.)

  40. Agenda • Expectations? • Course Overview • Areas of Interest • Lecture Notes