Maira Avalos Hilda Guerra Cynthia Gerardo Jose Molina Roxanne Rocha . Ch. 12 PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT. Personality , “is the reasonably stable patterns of thoughts, emotions, and behavior that distinguish one person from another” -book
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Personality, “is the reasonably stable patterns of thoughts, emotions, and behavior that distinguish one person from another” -book
Identifies and measures the structure and features of an individual’s personality, or characteristics of one’s way of thinking, feeling, and behaving
Structured (also called objective) personality inventories are usually standardized, self- report instruments made up of items that are presented to a person who indicates how accurately the items describe his or her personality using a limited set of response options.Structured Personality Inventories
- measures and provides scores on a wide array of personality variables
- focus on targeted aspects of personality, such as specific symptoms (e.g. depression or anxiety) or behaviors
Aids in: A) Screening and diagnosing B) Treatment planning C) Monitoring treatment progress D) Evaluating treatment outcome
Can focus on:
Pathological (indicating symptoms or manifestations of mental or behavioral disorders) or nonpathological(assess presence or absence of nonpathological personality characteristics) aspects of personality.Structured Personality Inventories
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) - A comprehensive, structured instrument that assesses major symptoms of adult psychopathology.
Million Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III) - was designed to assist in diagnosing personality disorders.
The California Psychological Inventory (CPI) personality inventory composed of 434 T/F statements that assess personality dimensions in “normal” people between the ages of 12 and 70.Prominent Structured Personality Inventories
- designed for measuring an individual’s preference according to the typological theories of Carl Jung. - sorts an individual’s preference into four separate categories, each composed of two opposite poles - the four categories are combined to form 16 possible personality types or combinations of preferenceProminent Structured Personality Inventories
direct their energy to the outside world
direct their energy to the inside world
Information processing and acquisition
use of facts, objectivity, or use of five senses to notice what is real.
looks beyond five senses to acquire information.The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
based on logic and objective analysis of the evidence.
based on their values and subjective evaluation.
living in a planned, stable, organized way.
living in a spontaneous and flexible way , responding to things as they arise.The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
Neuroticism - Tendency to experience negative emotions (anxiety, angry, hostility, etc.)
Extraversion - Amount of energy directed outward into the social world (warmth, activity, excitement seeking, positive emotions, etc.)
Openness to Experience - Level of openness to new ideas and new experiences (fantasy, feelings, actions, ideas, and values.)
Agreeableness - Tendency toward friendly, considerable, and modest behavior (trust, compliance, modesty.)
Conscientiousness - Associated with responsibility and persistence (competence, order, achievement striving, self-discipline, and deliberation.)Structured Personality Inventories...contn.
The 16 personality factors:The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, Fifth Edition (16PF)
The RHETI is a 144 item personality type instrument that produces a personality profile across nine personality types.
Strongly associated with psychodynamic theory of personality and the importance of the unconscious.
The original test came with no test manual and administration, scoring, and interpretation. Since a number of manuals and handbooks have become available.Rorschach cont.
Methods that involve both verbal stimuli and verbal responses. The responses can be transmitted orally or in writing.
examinees are presented a list of sentence stems at the beginning of a sentence with a space after each stem and are asked to complete the sentence.
Often used with children and adolescents. Are thought to contain nonverbal clues and symbolic messages about the child’s self-concept, motivations, concerns, attitudes, and desires.
Child is asked to draw a picture of a whole person. The child is then asked to elaborate on the drawing on what the person in the drawing is doing, feeling, and thinking.