AMST 3100 The 1960s The Psychedelic Movement Part 2 Powerpoint 7 Read the web notes by Owsley On Psychedelics for an editorial by one of the persons who made acid so available during the 1960s. Primary source is Jay Stevens, Storming Heaven: LSD and the American Dream, 1998 LSD and the Beats
Read the web notes by Owsley On Psychedelics for an editorial by one of the persons who made acid so available during the 1960s.
Primary source is Jay Stevens, Storming Heaven: LSD and the American Dream, 1998
Neal Cassady and Jack Kerouac. Cassady was the living display of sublime absurdity, and Kerouac – a bit more socially restrained – really admired Cassady.
Timothy Leary, 1963.
Dr. Timothy Leary at Harvard.
Allen Ginsberg, Timothy Leary, and Ralph Metzner at Millbrook, 1966.
The Woodstock concert is often regarded as a symbolic pinnacle of the peace and loving aspects of the counterculture. Indeed, when Abbie Hoffman tried to deliver a political speech he was largely ignored or booed by a crowd not so interested in radical political speeches. This crowd was perhaps closer to the psychedelic counterculture than the political radical counterculture, but they were intertwined.
Popular Science article, 1967.
The 1967 Summer of Love in Haight Ashbury embraced this vision of loving selflessness, melding psychology with new age spiritualism and mysticism.
LSD glassware seized in a drug raid.
LSD in liquid form.
Leary at Millbrook. The NY estate was on loan from a wealthy supporter, but expenses to run it were high.
Ken Kesey, 1967.
Ken Kesey, author.
This 1962 book captured an emerging theme of the counterculture – that society and its institutions were over-rationalized and had become quasi-totalitarian as they denied individual free will.
Neal Cassady, the driver of the Merry Prankster bus called Further.
Photo of the Millbrook house. Notice the art work on the house.
With Kesey on the roof and Cassady at the helm, the Merry Pranksters head East.
The is a 1964 photo of Ken Kesey, Ken Babbs and other Merry Pranksters when they arrived at Millbrook. They are apparently waiting to see Timothy Leary. Unfortunately Timothy Leary was in an extended session, but he eventually came out to greet his West Coast visitors.
The growing psychedelic movement attracted the attention of prosecutors, one of whom was G. Gordon Liddy, who would later raid the Millbrook house in 1966 to bust Leary.
Ken Kesey with some of the Merry Pranksters in San Francisco, 1966.
The Hells Angels consisted mostly of thugs who refused to conform to mainstream society. However, with the Merry Pranksters they got along relatively well. Hunter Thompson would hang out with the Hells Angels for a year and write a book about his experiences, thus beginning his career as his own gonzo style journalist.
Allen Ginsberg in the mid-1960s.
Ken Kesey in San Francisco, 1966, with some of the Merry Pranksters.
Timothy Leary at Millbrook house incorporating Eastern philosophy. The new spiritualism associated with the psychedelic movement of the 1960s drew people outside of their traditional religious foundations to seek ideas from other cultures. The Beatles helped popularize Eastern mysticism when they went to India.
Leary was busted for possession of marijuana in 1966 but the verdict was overturned on appeal later. He would be arrested again in 1968.
Leary appeared at the 1969 Washington War Moratorium protest. In 1970 he began to serve a 10-year sentence for marijuana possession but he escaped with the help of the Weathermen.
Anti-LSD propaganda helped fuel the rising public concern over hallucinogens. President Nixon’s War on Drugs utilized such propaganda to generate fear that LSD use would cause genetic mutations and other harmful effects.
This is an image from an anti-LSD pamphlet distributed by authorities in 1971. The copy above this image says, “Dr. Allen Katzenburg, of Southwestern Foundation for Research and Education, San Antonio, Texas has estimated that LSD use has caused more genetic damage to the human race than the atomic bomb.”
This is one of the rare 1966 articles on LSD among mainstream magazines that was not negative.
LSD-inspired art and music often has a swirling flow to it that echoes the sensory experience of an acid trip. For a fascinating look at how LSD affects the work of an artist as they are tripping click on this link.
It appears this couple has rejected the corporate lifestyle. They seem happy.
Most of these people are recognizable to Americans, and most identified with key elements of the 1960s counterculture.
Perhaps the best band and album of the 1960s was the Beatles’ Sgt Peppers. This incredible album was heavily influenced by acid and pot use. Click the image above to hear Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds in mp3 format.
Radiohead is one of many current popular bands that have been influenced by the psychedelic movement.