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TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY MODEL BAMBOO SHOOTS PLANTATION INTERNATIONAL NETWORK FOR BAMBOO AND RATTAN Why bamboo? Bamboos grow more rapidly than trees and start to yield within three or four years of planting.

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transfer of technology model bamboo shoots plantation

TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY MODEL BAMBOO SHOOTS PLANTATION

INTERNATIONAL NETWORK FOR BAMBOO AND RATTAN

why bamboo
Why bamboo?
  • Bamboos grow more rapidly than trees and start to yield within three or four years of planting.
  • Plantation establishment requires minimal capital investment and builds upon the inherent plant-cultivation skills of local farmers and foresters.
  • Bamboos can be harvested annually and non-destructively.
  • Bamboos are excellent for rejuvenating degraded lands and protecting against soil erosion.
  • Bamboos may easily be intercropped with shallow-rooted crops.
  • As well as the culms, all other parts of the bamboo plant can be used in rural livelihoods - shoots for food, leaves for fodder, and branches for items such as brooms and for firewood.
what is a bamboo shoots plantation
What is a bamboo shoots plantation?
  • Bamboo shoots are young bamboo stems. They are very nutritious and have been eaten as a vegetable for thousands of years. There are three types of shoots: spring or summer shoots, winter shoots and rhizome shoots.
  • A bamboo shoots plantation is a bamboo plantation managed specifically to produce edible bamboo shoots.
  • Management of a shoots plantation is more intensive than of a culm plantation because the removal of a significant number for sale may affect the integrity and productivity of the plantation.
how do i establish a bamboo shoots plantation
How do I establish a bamboo shoots plantation?

1. Select a site: A 2. Select the species: Select 3. Prepare the site:

gently sloping site species according to their Plough the site and

is ideal, with friable, cultivation requirements and incorporate organic

slightly acidic soil. the management system used. matter.

4. Plant the bamboos: 5. Form support groups:

One-year-old plantlets Including groups covering 6. Monitor progress:

are the best planting marketing, materials and And take action to

material. plantation management. continually improve.

main development attributes of a bamboo shoots plantation
Permitsrehabilitation of degraded lands through increased areas of bamboo plantations.

Increases community welfare and promotes empowerment of individuals and communities.

Requires minimal capital investment to establish.

Builds on farmers own inherent plant cultivation abilities and is easily adopted.

Promotes environmental improvement through the use of large quantities of organic matter, which are preferable for bamboo growth.

Benefits entire communities particularly if established in conjunction with a shoot canning factory.

Main development attributes of a bamboo shoots plantation
some salient facts
In 1999. 40% of all bamboo exports

from China were of canned edible

bamboo shoots.

Due to developing consumer tastes

throughout the world the demand for

bamboo shoots has been increasing

over the past few years.

Bamboo shoots are nutritious and

contain 17 amino acids. The shoots

of some species contain small

quantities of hydro-cyanic acid, and

can be poisonous unless boiled

before consumption.

Some salient facts

Bamboo plantations are often managed as shoots/timber plantations, in which both shoots and culms are harvested for sale.

requirements for success
Availability of land suitable for bamboo cultivation

A small amount of start up capital.

Access to shoot plantation management skills in the early stages.

Establishment of a community business infrastructure.

Proper market linkages.

Requirements for success

Photo:Vacuum packed ready-to-eat bamboo shoots

financial aspects of bamboo shoot plantations data from plantations in china
SHOOT PLANTATION(US Dollars)

Moso Ma

bamboo* bamboo**

FNPV (before tax) $25 $1320

FNPV (after tax) $128 (neg.) $1070

FIRR (before tax) 12.4% 33.9%

FIRR (after tax) 8.5% 30.7%

UNIT COST

(1st yr.) $680 $585

*Moso bamboo = Phyllostachys pubescens (monopodial)

**Ma bamboo = Dendrocalamus latiflorus (sympodial)

Financial aspects of bamboo shoot plantations(Data from plantations in China)

SHOOT - TIMBER JOINT PLANTATION (Ma bamboo)**

ANNUAL COSTS

(yrs 3 - 15) $303, 000

ANNUAL OUTPUTS (US Dollars)

YEARS 1 - 3 Zero

YEAR 4 $1.1 mil.

YEAR 5 $1.2 mil.

YEARS 6 - 15 (each) $1.6 mil.

Note: Two thirds of outputs come from the sale of shoots, one third from the sale of culms.

for further information
See

TOTEMs

Medium and large scale bamboo plantations.

Homestead bamboo plantations.

Smallholder bamboo plantations.

Community bamboo nursery

Community rattan nursery.

Websites

INBAR: www.inbar.int

RISF: www.caf.ac.cn/newcaf/english/yls/yls.htm

China National Bamboo Research Centre (CNBRC):

www.caf.ac.cn/newcaf/english/zzzx/bamboo.htm

Contact

INBAR, Beijing 100101-80, China

Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, 73 Daqiao Road, Fuyang, Zhejiang, 311 400, China.

For further information

Photo: Ready-to-eat vacuum packed shoots