TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER DR.P.K.GUPTA CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISOR
PROJECTS PROMOTING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER INDUSTRIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY (IEE) AGRO-RESIDUE BASED CO- GENERATION (replacing fossil fuel with waste biomass)
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERRED(SOUTH-SOUTH CO-OPERATION) • LOW CARBO TECNOLOGIES REPLACING FOSSIL FUEL WITH WAB • UPSCALING & TT FOR UPGRADATION & IN-COUNTRY FABRICATION OF GASIFIERS • REPLACING FOSSIL FUEL BASED DRYERS/FURNACES WITH BIOMASS • PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES • BIOMASS BASED PADDY DRYING TECHNOLOGIES • ENERGY EFFICIENT BRICK KILNS
SUMMARY OF OF IEE PROJECT (Mid term Results) • Total Investments= 6,270,760(Compared to 2.83 M committed ) • Direct annual benefits= 4,983,284 • Simple Payback= 15 months • GHG reduction/Year= 30,491 Tons or 304,910 T for project life (compared to projected reduction of 227,500.) • GHG Reduction in demo units= 53.4% • GHG Reduction in Quick Scan units= 37.7% • GHG Reduction average = >45%
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER (AGRO-RESIDUE BASED CO- GENERATION) Climate change related Technology Transfer for Cambodia: Using agricultural residue biomass for sustainable energy solutions
OBJECTIVES & GOALS Objectives: Sustained transfer of efficient, cost effective and environmentally friendly (agro waste biomass-fuelled) energy technologies. Goal : To promote the development of biomass-fuelled renewable energy generation technologies leading to net reductions in global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
POTENTIAL IN KILO TON OF OIL EQUIVALENT Energy generation potential is26,400 GWhr/year
DISTRIBUTION OF AGRO- BIOMASS ENERGY POTENTIAL Fossil fuel savings are calculated to be approximately 2.116 MTOe,
BIOMASS ENERGY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES DIRECT FIRING • Pile-Combustion • Stoker-Combustion • Suspension- Combustion • Fluidized Bed Combustion 1. Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion System (AFBC) 2. Atmospheric circulating (fast) Fluidized Bed Combustion system (CFBC) 3. Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion System (PFBC).
PROGRESS SO FAR Sourcing of Technologies Suppliers Technical and Financial evaluation of shortlisted technologies SCIV with investors to meet and discuss Technology Suppliers & Users Shortlisting of potential technology transfer partners in Cambodia Technology financing mechanism
Continued: 6. Technology partners ready for Models like • Independent Power Producer ( IPP) • Sharing basis investment • BOOT based investment • BOT based investment
CONCERNS FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER • Nature of Industrial operations:Significant fluctuation in energy demand • Non availability of National Grid for synchronization • Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) for surplus power • Policy/Mechanism for promotion of renewable energy viz. Feed In Tariff (FIT)