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TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY. CONTENTS. INTRODUCTION WAYS “TECHNOLOGY” IS TRANSFERRED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AGENT TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY CONSTITUENTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRNSFER CONENTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TEAM & RESPONSIBILITY FUNCTIONS OF TECHNOLOGY

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Transfer of technology

TRANSFER

OF TECHNOLOGY


Transfer of technology

CONTENTS

  • INTRODUCTION

  • WAYS “TECHNOLOGY” IS TRANSFERRED

  • TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AGENT

  • TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY

  • CONSTITUENTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRNSFER

  • CONENTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

  • TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TEAM & RESPONSIBILITY

  • FUNCTIONS OF TECHNOLOGY

  • FACTOR AFFECTING TECHNOLOGY

  • TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CHECKLIST

  • EXAMPLES OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

  • REFERENCES


Transfer of technology

INTRODUCTION

It is a process which is mainly concerned with the transfer of technology from the research areas to the “Production and Quality Assurance” environment .

The Process by which existing knowledge , facilities or capabilities developed under R & D funding are utilized to fulfill public and private need.

“Technology Transfer” includes a range of formal & informal cooperation between technology developers and technology seekers.


Transfer of technology

Varied Roles

IDEA

Start-up

Firms

R & D

Firms

Universities

Research

Institutes

Research

Development

Production

Manufacturing

Larger

Companies

Distribution

MARKET


Transfer of technology

Ways “Technology” is Transferred

  • Consulting

  • Graduating students (“moving heads”)

  • Faculty moving on (“moving heads”)

  • Collaborative research

  • Patenting and licensing

  • Service and outreach (“extension”)

  • Spin-off companies


Transfer of technology

Technology Transfer Agents

R&D Units

• Universities

• Public Research Centers

• Technology Institutes

(institutions, labs etc)

Companies

• Supplier of technology

and R&D to third parties

• Spin-off, start-ups

• Large R&D department

• Competitors, suppliers…

(technological alliances)


Transfer of technology

TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY

1) EMERGING TECHNOLOGY- is an innovative technology that currently is undergoing bench scale testing, in which a small version of the technology is tested in a laboratory.

2) INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY- is a technology that has been field tested and applied to a hazardous waste problem at a site, but lack a long history of full-scale use.

3) ESTABLISHED TECHNOLOGY- is a technology for which cost and performance information is readily only after a technology has been used at many different sites and the result fully documented is that technology considered. established.


Transfer of technology

CONSTITUENTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROCESS

  • Technology Transfer

  • Technology Promotion

  • Technology Deployment

  • Technology innovation

  • Technology Development

  • Technology Research

  • Technology Assessment

  • Technology Information and Communication

  • Technology Investment

  • Technology Collaboration

  • Technology Commercialization




Transfer of technology

Proper Research – By proper research we mean firstly that in which the result are reproducible and issues such as scale up, stability etc and other practical now has been addressed, also that in which problem were taken up in first place.

Proper work- This refer to institutional and guidelines regarding IP Protection licensing modalities etc. which must be in place beforehand. In the absence of these, decision get delayed, lack of fairness in decision e.g. case of X institute, which came up with good technology but since no guidance were there, kept running around for two years and then gave up.


Transfer of technology

  • Pricing – most difficult and critical area of Transfer of technology.

  • - Too high price can put off buyer, leaving the technology unsold.

  • - Too low price a result in revenue loss.

  • - There are basically two model regarding pricing

  • Price charged for a technology should depend upon market force i.e. impact of the technology irrespective of amount spent on developing it.

  • Price charged should include all expenses involved in developing it.

Publicity – It is important to identify and then approach buyer i.e. adopt targeted Publicity and not blanket publicity. Specific journal, website, letters to manufacturer, personal selective visit etc. are some common approach which help in locating buyer.


Transfer of technology

Partnership – this means working along with industry. Industry takes it up, manufacturer and makes available to society. Partnership are important to ensure your technology is successfully adopted simply conveying the details may not be sufficient.

People’s Acceptance – It is no use trying to develop a technology which people will not accept e.g. due to religious reason/social concern etc. genetically modified food, irradiated vegetables processed beef in India, improved capsule made of non-vegetarian material.



Transfer of technology

FUNCTION OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TEAM

  • Coordinate-Coordinating between technology users and developer, between researcher and manufacturers is important element of technology transfer.

  • Nurture-A main ingredient for moving technology from a research laboratory to a new business enterprises successfully in an environment that is supportive for entrepreneurship.

  • LINK- Cataloging resources related to business enterprises &

  • connecting would be entrepreneurship / researcher and other technology developers to outside group & organization which can help in the process of starting new product, companies etc.

  • such linkage provide referrals for individual business counseling, sources of financing.


Transfer of technology

FACTOR AFFECTING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

TIPS Method ( Technology implementation Potential for Success)



Transfer of technology

EXAMPLES OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

CHINA

L – Phenyl alanine

By enzyme method

(Ref : APC – 4041 – TOF)

# Chinese company offer technology for the production of L- Phenyl alanine by the enzyme method.

  • Area of Application

  • # Food industry

  • Advantage-

  • Low input

  • Advanced process

  • No environmental contamination

  • Clear production


Transfer of technology

  • Stage of development

  • commercialized

  • Economic data

  • Total project cost 4 million

  • Equipment 1.38million

  • Transfer form

  • Known how, consultancy, equipment, training

  • Target country

  • world wide

  • Language

  • English


Transfer of technology

A Novel, Non-infringing Process for the manufacture of levobupivacaine

NIPER, mohali offer a non-infringing process for the manufacturer of an improved widely used local anesthetic, levobupivacaine.

The process uses a chiral catalyst for asymmetric synthesis of the product.

  • Area of Application

  • Local anesthetic product widely used in hospital in surgical procedure.


Transfer of technology

  • Advantage of technology levobupivacaine

  • Uses easily available raw material

  • Faster compared to existing process as no resolution involved.

  • Cheaper as use of expensive resolving agent is altogether eliminated

  • Non-infringing new process


Transfer of technology

  • Stage of Development levobupivacaine

  • Process at laboratory scale

  • Scale up to be done

  • Facilities for scale up exist at institute ( pilot plant available)

  • Economic Data

  • Product name – Chirocane, ( approved clinically)

  • No manufacturer in India till date

  • Transfer form

  • Technology licensing and Known how


Transfer of technology

REFERENCES levobupivacaine

  • Ira R. Berry, “ Technology Transfer Consideration for Pharmaceuticals”, Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Technology, Third Edition, 02 oct. 2006, pp. no. 20-30.

  • 2) http://www.gdrc.org/uem/techtran.html

  • 3) Luis Alberto del Río, Salazar N., and Trives C.“Guidelines for a pharmaceutical technology transfer towards a drug manufacturing plant”, Comunicacionestécnicas, Bol. Soc. Quím. Méx. 2007, 1(1), pp no. 27-31

  • 4) http://bud.tic.ab.ca/venquest/yqt_home.htm


Transfer of technology

THANKING levobupivacaine

YOU