gaius julius caesar l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Gaius Julius Caesar PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Gaius Julius Caesar

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

Gaius Julius Caesar - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Gaius Julius Caesar. The end of the Republic. Outline. Introduction Part I. His life and carrier Part II. His relation with Cleopatra Part III. The reason of his death Conclusion References. Cleopatra arriving in Rome. Introduction.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Gaius Julius Caesar

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
gaius julius caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar

The end of the Republic

  • Introduction
  • Part I. His life and carrier
  • Part II. His relation with Cleopatra
  • Part III. The reason of his death
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Gaius Julius Caesar can be considered as the father of the Roman imperial system
  • Military genius, powerful statesman, he became dictator for life, a title that frightened Roman senators as a remembrance of Rome’s hated kingdom (753-509 BC)
  • Caesar followed Pompey to Egypt where he restored Queen Cleopatra—earlier deposed by her brother Ptolemy XIII—to the Egyptian throne. He soon brought her to Rome as his mistress; they share the dream of ruling the world
  • The name Caesar was retained to designate the imperial rulers; the imperial significance of the title Caesar was preserved in modern derivations (German kaiser; Russian tsar)
part i his life and carrier
Part I. His life and carrier
  • Caesar (100-44 BC), Roman general and statesman, who laid the foundations of the Roman imperial system
  • Born in Rome on July 12 or 13, 100 BC, belonged to the prestigious Julian clan
  • He joined forces with Crassus and Pompey in a three-way alliance known as the First Triumvirate in 60 BC
  • Military campaigns in Gaul and Britain in 57-51 BC
  • In 49 BC Caesar crossed the Rubicon, in three months he was master of all Italy; his forces then took Spain and the key port of Massalia (now Marseille)
  • Among ancient military commanders, he may be second only to Alexander the Great
part ii his relation with cleopatra
Part II. His relation with Cleopatra
  • After Caesar's first wife, Cornelia, died in 68 BC, he married Pompeia, divorced her and married in 59 BC Calpurnia
  • Cleopatra VII (51-30 BC), daughter of Ptolemy XII, king of Egypt, sister of Ptolemy XIII
  • Caesar proclaimed Cleopatra queen of Egypt when in 47 BC Ptolemy XIII was killed
  • Forced by custom to marry her younger brother, Ptolemy XIV (11 years old)
  • Cleopatra went to Rome, where she lived as Caesar's mistress
  • She gave birth to a son, Caesarion, later Ptolemy XV, killed by Octavian in 30 BC
part iii the reason of his death
Part III. The reason of his death
  • According to the constitution, the office of dictatorship was to be held for six months during a dire emergency
  • He wore the robe, crown, and scepter of a triumphant general and used the title imperator
  • As Pontifex Maximus, he was head of the state religion and he was in total command of the armies
  • He was made consul for ten years in 45 BC and received the sanctity of tribunes, making it illegal to harm him
  • A number of senatorial families felt that Caesar threatened their position, his honors and powers made them fear that he would become a rex (king), a title they, as Republicans, hated
  • On March 15, 44 BC, Caesar entered the Senate house, a group of senators including Cassius and Brutus, killed him

One of the most influential political and military leaders in history, Gaius Julius Caesar helped establish the vast empire ruled by Rome. Caesar’s triumph in a civil war in the 40s BC made him the absolute ruler of Rome, but political jealousies among his opponents motivated them to assassinate him.

  • Since Caesar had no male heirs, he stipulated in his will that his grandnephew, Octavius, become his successor
  • Octavius became Rome's first emperor under the name of Augustus in 27 BC
  • Caesar was a gifted writer, with a clear and simple style. His De Bello Gallico (On the Gallic War), is a major source of information about the early Celtic and Germanic tribes
  • Scholarly opinion of Caesar's accomplishments is divided, some blame him for the demise of the Roman Republic
  • Others maintain that to save the Roman world from chaos, a new type of government had to be created