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From the parcels delimitation to the wine marketing: an integrated organization Avril 2009 Champagne-France A precise area A unique soil and an ancestral know-how
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Champagne, the combination of a unique, strictly defined territory and traditional production conditions, which are of the world’s most rigorous ones
A sparkling wine, produced in the region of Champagne, France, on the basis of strict methods that are prescribed by the French law and Community Regulations
France is the first-ranked country for the production of sparkling wines and its Champagne represents 95% of this production
322,4 million bottles sold in 2008
A turnover of 4,3 billion euros in 2008
More than 15 000 winegrowers and 300 Champagne houses, generating around 30 000 direct jobs
A shared mission
Administration (specific body, fraud administration and customs) definition and control the respect of the restricted area
Interprofessional organization Proposition to extend/restrict the aforesaid region Internal controls
Creation of the C.N.A.O.
Appellations of Origin
PhylloxeraThe history of the Interprofessional organisation
Since the 1900’s, producers are increasing the quality requirements for the production of Champagne and decide to create two kind of professional organizations: the UMC (Union of the Champagne Houses) and the SGV (trade union of growers).
Since the 30’s, wines are tested before being allowed to be labeled as Champagne.During the second world war, the German occupation encourages the coordinated action between the Champagne houses and growers and finally the CICV was founded in 1941
Since the 90’s, a follow-up of the quality is organizes in the market, including analysis and tasting of the wines.
of the Houses of the winegrowers
EXECUTIVE COMMITTE 6 winemerchants +
The “Comité interprofessionnel du vin de Champagne”was founded by an Act of 12 April 1941 in view of safeguarding the harmonic development of the trade .
An organism charged with a mission of public interest and which carries out four main missions :
1) Maintain a balanced relationship between the two professions & organise the market management
2) Control the quality of the products and improve it
3) Promote and protect the appellation of origin"Champagne"
4) Promote a sustainable development and respect for the environment
Ensure a sustainable Champagne economy, through knowledge of the market and market regulation
Determining the conditions of production in coordination with the producers, traders and administrations
Collecting all the data on the production and sales
Know the actors;
Know the production;
Know the transactions;
Know the sales;
Know the stocks
Economic research institute
Vineyard and harvest
The elder mission of the interprofessional organisation, since Phylloxera destroyed most of the vineyard
R&D at every stage of the production process
- 50 people staff
- More than 120 R&D programs
- From the vine to the cork…
Control of the quality
- Control the respect of the production process (f.e. : pressing centers)
- Follow-up of the quality
- Anti-counterfeiting tool, etc.
Chardonnay : 28%
Pinot noir : 39%
Pinot meunier : 33%
The importance of the pressing in ChampagneA specific pressing process in specific pressing centersThe pressing process is regulated by administration, on the basis of traditional know-howCIVC is approving each pressing center
The administration is controlling the pressing processCIVC is continuously experimenting new pressing processes, which would ensure the quality and typicity of Champagne wines
Many other criteria
Density of the vines in the vineyard
Specific cutting of the vine
Second fermentation in bottles,minimum ageing conditions
Specific regulations for vintage wines
Specific labeling provisions
Since the 1900’s, producers are increasing the quality requirements for the production of Champagne
Since the 30’s, wines are tested before being allowed to be labeled as Champagne
Since the 90’s, a follow-up of the quality is organized in the market, including analysis and tasting of the wines
An adapted control system
- adapted to the type of product and its specificities
- adapted to the specific market of the products
- adapted to the notoriety of the product and the risk of misuse.
DU VIN DE CHAMPAGNE
5, rue Henri-Martin, Boîte Postale 135
51204 Épernay Cedex