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CYCLE CAMPAIGNING Where are we at, and where are we going? Roger Geffen Campaigns & Policy Manager CTC, the national cyclists’ organisation Review of 2007 Campaigns… Highway Code (2 nd round!) “Keep Cycling on Track” campaign Fillthathole and Clearthattrail Coastal access

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CYCLE CAMPAIGNINGWhere are we at, and where are we going?

Roger Geffen

Campaigns & Policy Manager

CTC, the national cyclists’ organisation

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Review of 2007


  • Highway Code (2nd round!)

  • “Keep Cycling on Track” campaign

  • Fillthathole and Clearthattrail

  • Coastal access

  • Influencing Comprehensive Spending Review


  • £300K DEFRA funding for climate film

  • £4m Lottery funding for 12 ‘cycle champions’ doing cycle development (health, social inclusion)

  • Benefits also for cycle trainers, campaigners etc

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New opportunities

  • PACTS call for 20mph default speed limit

  • Obesity Foresight report

  • Personalised Travel Planning increases cycle use by up to 65%, and reduces car use by 9-13%

  • Stern / Eddington response notes excellent value of small schemes and ‘smarter choice’ measures

  • Cycling England’s “Bike for the Future” – Government support likely

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Campaigning in 2008:still semi-reactive

  • DfT climate change strategy and another White Paper (post Stern/Eddington): ‘smarter choices’ v major infrastructure

  • Climate Change Bill v Planning Bill

  • Local Transport Bill and overhaul of local transport planning system

  • LAAs, LSPs, RDAs, RPBs, RSSs and other TLAs

  • Cycle Infrastructure Design

  • Study of factors affecting cycle safety

  • Cycle parking initiative

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Cycle parking

  • Web-based tool for cyclists to nominate cycle parking locations – in partnership with local authorities

  • Paving the way for further web-based initiatives e.g. prioritising cycle infrastructure improvements, reporting bad drivers, national cycle journey planner…

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Cycle safety study

  • Needs to go beyond the “Highway Code issues” (i.e. cycle lanes/tracks and helmets!)

  • Must also cover wider infrastructure issues (e.g. lane widths, junctions, maintenance), vehicle design and – above all – driver behaviour

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Climate change v major infrastructure: LTPs and other acronyms

  • Climate Change Bill to establish Climate Commission, set 60% reduction target (to be reviewed by Commission), and 5-year updates

  • Planning Bill to set up Major Infrastructure Projects Commission

  • LT planning proposes 10-15 year LT strategies

  • Sub-national review proposes transfer of planning powers to RDAs

  • “Sustainable Communities”?

  • Are LTPs, LDDs, LSPs, LAAs real or sham?

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Getting strategic: campaigning acronyms

  • 20mph: Opportunities in London, coalition-building, legislation for willing LAs

  • Traffic law and driver behaviour: use of web to make the case for new offences, tougher sentencing, more traffic policing, driver liability

  • Planning and design: work with LAs to establish the “Hierarchy of Solutions” (i.e. reduce traffic volumes and speeds before “cycle infrastructure”) and make sure cycling is included in major schemes / developments

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Getting strategic: CTC general acronyms

  • Membership categories review

  • Development activities: cycle training, workplaces, women, students health, social inclusion etc

  • ‘Professionalising’ our allies: local cycle campaigners, trainers and other allies – using web for briefings, online tools, positive engagement with local authorities

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CYCLE CAMPAIGNING acronymsWhere are we at, and where are we going?

Roger Geffen

Campaigns & Policy Manager

CTC, the national cyclists’ organisation

0870 873 0060 (main) / 01483 238322 (direct)

[email protected]

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Health costs of physical inactivity and obesity acronyms

  • 37% of deaths related to physical inactivity (c42,000 pa)

  • Obesity shortens life expectancy by c9 years, causing c30,000 deaths pa. Increases risks of:

    Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, coronary artery disease and stroke, respiratory problems, certain cancers, infertility, osteoarthritis, liver and gall bladder disease, mental illness.

  • NHS costs due to obesity set to rise from £1bn in 2007 to £6.5bn in 2050. Wider social costs are c7 times higher.

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Real cycle safety acronyms

  • Cycling is safe: cyclists have a far lower involvement rate in collisions where someone else gets injured

  • Health benefits far outweigh the risks – by a factor of c20:1.

  • 100,000 extra ‘regular cyclists’ would result in a net saving of 50 lives p.a

  • (N.B. this makes no allowance for improvements – but...)

  • Cycling gets safer the more people do it – e.g. 83% increase in cycle use in London while cycle casualties reduced 28%.

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What constitutes good cycle provision? acronyms

  • A cycle-friendly road network, with additional beneficial cycle links where safe

  • Hierarchy of provision

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What constitutes good cycle provision? acronyms

  • Cycle tracks fine on high speed / major inter-urban roads (few interruptions or pedestrians)

  • Cycle lanes on busier 30mph and some higher-speed roads where there is either sufficient width or traffic is light enough for safe overtaking

  • Contraflows also very useful

  • Otherwise, no need for cycle facilities on low-speed / low traffic roads: 20mph limit is a perfectly good ‘cycle facility’

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Benefits of 20mph speed limits acronyms

  • Reduced casualties

    • 20mph zones in Hull (covering 26% of the city’s road network) have reduced total casualties by 56%, child cycle casualties by 69%, child pedestrian casualties by 74% and fatal/serious casualties (all ages) by 90%.

    • 20mph zones GB-wide have reduced traffic speeds by 9mph, cut traffic volumes by 27%, reduced total casualties by 61% and fatal/serious casualties by 70%.

    • Health Development Agency estimates 20mph default would reduce child deaths and injuries by 67% (13,000 children p.a).

  • More people walking cycling and using public transport

  • A better residential and town centre environment (better for house prices and retail vitality!)

  • POPULAR! (75% of all people / 72% of drivers support residential 20mph limits)

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Benefits of ‘smarter choices’ measures acronyms(School and employer travel plans, personal travel planning, cycle training)

  • Cycle training increases the frequency and the length of cycle trips people make, their willingness to cycle all year round, and their confidence when cycling.

  • Cycle use has increased by 25% in Peterborough, 36% in Worcester and 79% in Darlington in the first 2 years of the “Sustainable Travel Towns” demonstration project – car use is down by 11-13% in all three towns.

  • Sustrans “BikeIt” project for schools has typically quadrupled cycle use for school travel, from 2% to 8% of trips (national average 1%).

  • Overall, ‘smarter choices’ have a benefit:cost ratio (BCR) of 10:1.

  • Personalised travel planning (PTP) has a BCR of 30:1.

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Bike for the Future II acronyms

  • “START” programme: £23m p.a. (2008/9) / £37m p.a. (2009/10 – 2011/12)

    • Level 2 ‘Bikeability’ cycle training for all children by 2012 (£12m)

    • School champions to work with half of all schools in England (£10m)

    • 600 new links to school and 1000 cycle parking facilities (£10m)

    • Schools cycle clubs / cycling for ‘extended schools’ / engage families (£5m)

  • Aim for 10% school run trips by cycle in targeted schools by 2012, and a 5% reduction in car use for school run

  • “Cycling city, cycling towns”: £11m p.a (2008/9) / £20m p.a. (2009/10– 2011/12)

    • £10m for one city (pop >100,000) and another £10m for 16 Cycling Demonstration Towns (including 6 existing towns)

  • Aim to double cycle use in each city / town between 2008/9 and 2012.

  • Other programmes: £6m p.a. (2008/9) / £ p.a. (2009/10 – 2011/12)

    • Training cycling instructors (£1m)

    • Local / regional authority support (£1.5m)

    • Encouraging adult cycling, e.g. via workplace (£4m)

    • Marketing and communications (£4m)

    • Monitoring (£2m)

    • Central support (£0.5m)

  • Total £40m (2008/9) / £70m (2011/12)

  • Overall aim: 20% increase in cycle use in England by 2012

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Existing Cycling acronymsDemonstration Towns

  • Aylesbury: integrating cycling into new housing developments, incl a £5m bridge

  • Brighton: Personalised Travel Planning

  • Darlington: City centre traffic restrictions, permeable using radial cycle routes, cycle training

  • Derby: Focus on under-25s – cycle training and bike to school days

  • Exeter: Links to / cycle parking at schools, aim for 20% cycle use for school trips

  • Lancaster / Morecambe: Opening promenade and a disused railway line, cycle maps, links with employers