Martha E. Rogers 1914-1994 The Science of Unitary Human Beings. The Concept that Human Beings are one with their environment. Presented by Venus Johnston and Tammie McDaniel
Martha E Rogers • Family • Need for knowledge • Life long learner • Bed side nursing • Public Health Nursing
Martha’s motivation • Motivation-started at birth. • “What do we need to know in order to serve people?” • The need for knowledgeable nurses • First introduced in 1970
Philosophy influence • The need for knowledgeable nurses.
Education • Educators • The body of knowledge. • NYU days
Martha’s Theory • This is not a Theory • “Unitary Human Beings”
The Rogerian Theory • It is based on 4 major postulates and 3 major principles. • The Postulates • Energy Field • Pattern • Openness • Pandimensionality
The Rogerian Theory • The 3 Major Principles of Homeodynamics • Resonancy • Helicy • Integrality
Utilization & Expansion of Martha’s Work • Coroselli and Barrett • Newman & Parse • Butcher’s • Cowling’s • Practice & Education
the Rogerian theory • Practical Application • Understanding Human Experiences • Personal Meaning • Nursing Care • Things we do
Putting it together • Human beings • Environment • Continuous Change • Core Moral Ideals • Summary
Case study • Susie MoJoe is a 24 year old single mother of a 2 and ½ year old boy, who is admitted to the medical surgical floor with the diagnosis of an unintentional opiate overdose. She has a sitter at bedside assigned by the hospital. She is a one pack per day smoker and has a long history of opiate abuse. Her drug screen revealed positive for THC, opiates, and ETOH was less then 5. On admission day 2, she appears very anxious and restless. Further assessment reveals that Susie is concerned about her child, where she is going to live, the absence of her partner, and what is now going to happen to her, now that this has occurred.
Case study questions • According to the Rogerian Theory, what concepts can we utilize to assist Susie MoJoe in altering her environment to assist her in starting to heal herself? • How would you , as her nurse, apply the Rogerian Theory in order to provide a non-hurried, one on one, opportunity to discuss her perceived problems, given that you have already altered her environment?
References • Carboni, T. (1991). A Rogerian Theoretical Tapestry. Nursing Science Quarterly, 4. doi: 10.1177/089431849100400311 • Hektor, L. M., (1989). Martha E. Rogers: A Life History. Nursing Science Quarterly, 2. doi: 10:1177/089431848900200205 • Klemm, P. R., Stashinko, E. E. (1997). Martha Rogers’ Science of Unitary Human Beings: A Participative Teaching-Learning Approach. Journal of Nursing Education, 36341-343. Retrieved from http://0search.ebscohost.com.libcat.ferris.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db&AN=507586990&site=ehost-live • Plummer, M., Molzahn, A. E. (2009). Quality of Life in Contemporary Nursing Theory: A Concept Analysis. Nursing Science Quarterly, 22. doi: 10.117708943118409332807
References • Smeltzer, J. (2008, April 2). Martha Rogers Biography [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pH_ToXAf9yc • Smeltzer, J. (2008, September 22). Martha Rogers Interview Part 1[Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1XN3rPKndE • Wright, B. W., (2007). The Evolution of Rogers’ Science of Unitary Human Being: 21st • Century Reflections. Nursing Science Quarterly, 20. • doi: 10.1177/0894318406296295