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CMPF124:Basics Skills for Knowledge Workers. Basic Windows Administration. Control Panel. Add/Remove Hardware.

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add remove hardware
Add/Remove Hardware

Hardware includes any physical device that is connected to your computer and is controlled by your computer's microprocessor. This includes equipment that was connected to your computer when it was manufactured, as well as peripheral equipment that you added later.

Modems, disk drives, CD-ROM drives, printers, network adapters, keyboards, and display adapter cards are all examples of devices.

add remove hardware4
Add/Remove Hardware

Devices (Plug and Play and non-Plug and Play) can be connected to your computer in several ways. Some devices, like network adapters and sound cards, are connected to expansion slots inside your computer. Other devices, like printers and scanners, are connected to ports on the outside of your computer. Some devices, known as PC Cards, connect only to PC Card slots on a portable computer

add remove hardware5
Add/Remove Hardware

For a device to work properly with Windows, software known as a device driver must be loaded onto the computer. Each device has its own unique device driver, which is typically supplied by the device manufacturer. However, some device drivers are included

with Windows OS.

You must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the Administrators group to configure a device using the Add/Remove Hardware wizard in Control Panel or Device Manager. If your computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may also

prevent you from installing hardware.

add remove program
Add/Remove Program

Add/Remove Programs helps you manage programs on your computer. It prompts you through the steps necessary to add a new program, or to change or remove an existing


add a program from cd or floppy disk
Add a program from CD or floppy disk
  • Open Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel.
  • 2. Click Add New Programs, and then click CD or Floppy.
  • 3. Follow the instructions on your screen.
to change or remove program
To change or remove program
  • Open Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel.
  • 2. Click Change or Remove Programs, then
  • click the program you want to change or remove.
  • 3. Click the appropriate button:
  • - To change a program, click
  • Change/Remove or Change.
  • - To remove a program, click
  • Change/Remove or Remove.

Use Display in Control Panel to customize your desktop and display settings. These settings control how your desktop looks and how your monitor displays information.

You can completely customize the colors and fonts that are used in Windows on your screen. You can also set a picture, pattern, or HTML document as your wallpaper, or set up

a screen saver with a password to protect your work. Visual effects are available to smooth fonts or enhance the appearance of menus and file commands when you open and close them.


With Display, you can also change display settings on your computer. You can specify color settings, change your screen resolution, and set the refresh rate for your monitor. If you are using multiple monitors, you can specify individual settings for each display.


Use System in Control Panel to do the following:

  • View and change settings that control how your computer uses memory and finds certain information.
  • Find information about hardware and device properties, as well as configure hardware profiles.
  • View information about your network connection and logon profile.

You can change performance options that control how programs use memory, including paging file size and registry size, or environment variables that tell your computer where to find some types of information.

Startup and recovery options indicate what operating system your computer uses when it starts and what actions it performs if the system stops unexpectedly.

task manager
Task Manager

Task Manager displays information about the performance of your computer and the programs and processes that are running on your computer.

You can use Task Manager to start programs, start or end processes,

and view a dynamic display of your computer's performance.

task manager22
Task Manager
  • To start Task Manager, do any of the following:
  • Press CTRL+ALT+DELETE, and then click Task Manager.
  • Right-click an empty area of the taskbar, and then click Task Manager.
computer performance
Computer Performance
  • Click the Performance tab in Task Manager to view a dynamic overview of the performance of your computer, including the following measures:
  • Graphs for CPU and memory usage.
  • The total number of handles, threads, and processes that are running.
  • The total number of kilobytes (KBs) used for physical, kernel, and commit memory.
windows keyboard shortcuts
Windows Keyboard Shortcuts

Switch among applications

- Shortcut key: Windows-Tab or Alt-Tab.

Open the Start menu

- Shortcut Key: Ctrl-Esc or Windows.

Minimize all open Windows and reveal the desktop

- Shortcut Key: Windows-M or Windows-D

Restore all Windows

- Shortcut key: Shift-Windows-M or repeat Windows-D.

windows keyboard shortcuts25
Windows Keyboard Shortcuts

Move within the Windows Desktop and select items

- Shortcut Key: Tab, Arrow, Enter.

Open the Run dialog box

- Shortcut Key: Windows-R

Start Windows Explorer

- Shortcut Key: Windows-E

Find a File (from the Windows desktop)

- Shortcut Key: Windows-F or F3.

windows keyboard shortcuts26
Windows Keyboard Shortcuts

Move within the Windows Desktop and select items

- Shortcut Key: Tab, Arrow, Enter.

Open the Run dialog box

- Shortcut Key: Windows-R

Start Windows Explorer

- Shortcut Key: Windows-E

Find a File (from the Windows desktop)

- Shortcut Key: Windows-F or F3.

windows keyboard shortcuts27
Windows Keyboard Shortcuts

Open the System Properties dialog box

- Shortcut Key: Windows-Break.

Rename the selected object:

- Shortcut Key: F2.

Delete selected objects without sending them to the Recycle Bin

- Shortcut Key: Shift-Delete.

Bypass the CD-ROM AutoRun feature

- Shortcut Key: Hold down the Shift key while you insert the disk.