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National Plant Board, Board of Directors Report. Shashank Nilakhe, PhD Texas Department of Agriculture. Meetings. June 13-14, 2006, Lansing, Michigan. November 16-17, Washington, D.C. BRS meeting, November 15. Conference calls. . Lansing Meeting - Rauscher.

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National Plant Board, Board of Directors Report

Shashank Nilakhe, PhD

Texas Department of Agriculture


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Meetings

  • June 13-14, 2006, Lansing, Michigan.

  • November 16-17, Washington, D.C.

  • BRS meeting, November 15.

  • Conference calls.


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Lansing Meeting - Rauscher

  • Movement of nursery stock: Theme for this meeting. State certification vs. national certification (clean stock program). SOD may lead to the latter.

  • Citrus canker and the potato cyst nematodes continue to be major concerns.


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Opening Remarks, Paul Eggert

  • The plant world is getting more attention. Citrus canker, EAB have emerged as national issues, also use of plants for fuel.

  • No reduction in program budgets.

  • Congress shifted CC funding to CHRP.



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Action Items from November/March Meetings

  • Formal program review, build a template.

  • Develop a comprehensive weed strategy.

  • Revision of departmental permits; implementation to begin in August.

  • Increased detection of non-regulated pests. Dutch bulb imports. Their tolerance is 10-15%, U.S. allows 1%. Set tolerance in the contract.


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CAPS, Dave Kaplan

  • Billy Newton on 90-day TDY.

  • Will appoint a CAPS director.

  • External review showed NAPIS inconsistent with CAPS.

  • National CAPS Advisory Committee.


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Citrus Canker, Kaplan

  • Lawsuits stopped the program and hurricanes spread the disease.

  • Abandoned $1.2 eradication effort, CHRP emerged. Businesses to sign a compliance agreement.

  • CFR needs to reflect disease mgmt as opposed to eradication. CC distribution in FL unknown.

  • Released $100 million for tree compensation.


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SOD, Jonathan Jones

  • Sixteen CA and 1 OR counties infested.

  • Added 16 species. Now it 100 spp. Total.

  • Traceforward protocol established; Traceback protocol pending; confirmed nursery protocol under revision. Forest and wild-lands protocols.

  • Inspections conducted under the Federal Order not enough to protect against the disease.


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SOD, Jonathan

  • Staring 2008, no federal inspection of nurseries outside the quarantined area.

  • In 2005, Camellia accounted for 50% of the positive plants, rhododendron 38%, viburnum 6%, pieris 3% and kalmia 2%.

  • Positive nurseries: In 2003, 21; 2004, 178; 2005, 99; and 2006, 38 (CA 22, OR 12, 1 WA, 1 MS, 2 FL).


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SOD, Jonathan

  • Fed. Order sunsets in 2007. Brad White: Western states and forest industry say, keep the Fed. Order. Criteria needed to place a state under and to remove from the Fed. Order.

  • Carol Holko: GA has its own BMP plan. ANLA/Industry plan deals with prevention, training, monitoring, record keeping, enforcement (3rd party audit); August deadline.


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National Nursery Certification Program, Alan Green

  • NAPPO’s RSPM 24 about Plants for planting standard adopted in October.

  • Systems approach (clean stock, accepted levels of regulated non-quarantined pests, no quarantined pests, production practices, quality control, quality manual, recordkeeping, traceability) for import and export. Q37 rule would mirror NAPPO std.


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Pilot certification program, Bob Bailey

  • Canada developed this program based on systems approach and tested it in 4 nurseries each in CA and OR.

  • Consistently produced high quality products.

  • PPQ approves USNCP Manual.

  • Phytos issued via PCIT.


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Pilot Program, Gary McAnininch, ODA

  • Three medium sized nurseries ship 300 loads/year to Canada.

  • Financial burden to the nurseries.

  • Lots of manpower needed (6 months for the manual). No shipping point inspection.

  • Nursery and auditor must take it seriously.

  • Need to compare USCNP with the current method for pests and diseases.


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Numerous

  • Osama: One sample tested positive for PCN

  • Kaplan/Mungari: For 2006, Sirex survey 1,000 taps set in NY, PA, VT, MI. FS and Canada also surveying. Draft PRA and EA ready.

  • Mike Ward: lab accreditation process, quality manual, review, audit, proficiency testing, fees, (seed testing for export).


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Numerous

  • Gordon Gordh: NPPLAP (Ntnl. Plant Pathogen Lab Accreditation (P. ramorum).

  • Alan Green: Ntnl cargo release plan. Mike Firko: Aquatic snail permits. EAB Tour.


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November 16-17, Washington D.C. Meeting

  • Dunkle: Delayed Canada user fee implementation until January 2007. Canada to implement plum pox eradication as U.S.

  • Rauscher: SOD, most significant issue. Good session of Forest Health.

  • Kaplan: Emergency Management Leadership Council (APHIS coordination).


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Washington Meeting

  • Sirex, Alan Dowdy: Federal order draft ready. PRA done. Proposed Rule underway. OGC says lack of funding may hinder FO implementation.

  • SOD, Valerie de Feo, Carol Holko: Working Group. BMPs. Risk-based inspection regime. PRA needed. Clean stock program. Inexpensive rapid diagnostic test (takes 10 days now).


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Washington Meeting, Continued

  • EAB, Vic Mastro: Promising semiochemicals. Spinosad a good option. Phil Bell says Illinois response slow. USDA may quarantine the whole state. Eradication in MD underway.

  • Spiderwort, Al Tasker: FL distribution unknown. Cotton growing states should be concerned. Infested counties: 29 GA, 2 MS, 1 AL, 1 NC. Funds given for treatment, survey and outreach.


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Washington Meeting

  • Seed potato MOU, Will Wise. 14 of 15 seed potato producing states will sign.

  • CAPS, Joel Bard gave update.

  • Dutch pre-clearance trip report, Rauscher.

  • Enforcement, Bill Wade, Paula: Training, documentation for IES investigation.

  • ERP Training, Osama. Joe covey, taxonomic support. Pat Gomes, CHRP. NASDA Conf. Call, EAB, quarantine IN, IL, OH.


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Washington Meeting, Last Slide

  • ALB, Mike Stefan: 2006 budget reduced by $10 million. Eradication by 2014.

  • PCN, Osama El-Lissy: 33K samples from 800 fields, 7 fields positive. Field and piler dirt surveys. $69/sample. Complete surveys by spring 2008 using CCC funds.