CREATORS of MATHEMATICS“The Irish Connection” By: Leanne Robinson
General Overview • Written by present day Mathematicians • Most of the writers attend Irish Univ. • Contains 18 biographies of mathematicians of Irish & English decent • Presents a picture of Irish success in the International world of mathematics
THE MOST INTERESTING MATHEMATICIAN GEORGE BOOLE
GEORGE BOOLE1815-1864 • Born in the city of Lincoln, East of England in1815. • His father was a shoemaker. • George was interested in making telescopes and other optical instruments. • Family was unwealthy. • At fourteen George had to leave school and support his family. • He never received second level or third level education. • He borrowed books and taught him self through out his life. • Learned many languages with out a tutor.
Entered the world of applied mathematics, physics, and mathematics when he became interested in astronomy. • At eighteen Boole was reading original British mathematicians. • Although Boole was extremely smart he was unable to attend the university of Cambridge. • Boole was a very religious person and wanted to become a clergy man.
Boole didn’t get married until the age of forty. • Had five daughters and they all made contributions to math when they became of age. • Boole died very young. He died at age 49.
MATH CONTRIBUTIONS • Boole ran his very own day and boarding school. • Did original research in mathematics which was good enough to be published in the Cambridge Journal of Mathematics.
MATH CONTRIBUTIONS • 1841 invented a whole new branch of mathematics called “Invariant Theory” • This theory was very important to Einstein. • Expressed the works of the mind by means of mathematical symbols.
EXAMPLE • X = CLASS OF SHEEP • Y = CLASS OF WHITE OBJECTS • XY= CLASS OF WHITE SHEEP • “BOOLEAN ALGEBRA” • BLUE + YELLOW= GREEN
EXAMPLE • p= Today is Friday • q= The sun is shining • Pq= The sun is shining today is Friday • (the class used conjunctions or disjunctions) • This study led to our present day world of digital technology, electronics, and high-speed computers. • 1938 Boolean Algebra applied to high speed computers and electronic switching circuits.
MATH CONTRIBUTIONS • Wrote a textbook on differential equations and another on difference equations. • Applied to modern legal liability.
MAJOR MATH CONTRIBUTION • The realization that mathematics is not confined to the traditional areas of arithmetic, algebra, geometry and calculus.
ACCOMPLISHMENTS • 1844 Boole was awarded the first gold metal for mathematics by Royal Society. • 1857 received the great honor of being elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. • 1851 received the LLD honorary award from Trinity College Dublin. • 1857 received the Keith Prize award from the University of Edinburgh.