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CREATORS of MATHEMATICS “The Irish Connection”

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  1. CREATORS of MATHEMATICS“The Irish Connection” By: Leanne Robinson

  2. General Overview • Written by present day Mathematicians • Most of the writers attend Irish Univ. • Contains 18 biographies of mathematicians of Irish & English decent • Presents a picture of Irish success in the International world of mathematics

  3. THE MOST INTERESTING MATHEMATICIAN GEORGE BOOLE

  4. GEORGE BOOLE1815-1864 • Born in the city of Lincoln, East of England in1815. • His father was a shoemaker. • George was interested in making telescopes and other optical instruments. • Family was unwealthy. • At fourteen George had to leave school and support his family. • He never received second level or third level education. • He borrowed books and taught him self through out his life. • Learned many languages with out a tutor.

  5. Entered the world of applied mathematics, physics, and mathematics when he became interested in astronomy. • At eighteen Boole was reading original British mathematicians. • Although Boole was extremely smart he was unable to attend the university of Cambridge. • Boole was a very religious person and wanted to become a clergy man.

  6. Boole didn’t get married until the age of forty. • Had five daughters and they all made contributions to math when they became of age. • Boole died very young. He died at age 49.

  7. MATH CONTRIBUTIONS • Boole ran his very own day and boarding school. • Did original research in mathematics which was good enough to be published in the Cambridge Journal of Mathematics.

  8. MATH CONTRIBUTIONS • 1841 invented a whole new branch of mathematics called “Invariant Theory” • This theory was very important to Einstein. • Expressed the works of the mind by means of mathematical symbols.

  9. EXAMPLE • X = CLASS OF SHEEP • Y = CLASS OF WHITE OBJECTS • XY= CLASS OF WHITE SHEEP • “BOOLEAN ALGEBRA” • BLUE + YELLOW= GREEN

  10. EXAMPLE • p= Today is Friday • q= The sun is shining • Pq= The sun is shining today is Friday • (the class used conjunctions or disjunctions) • This study led to our present day world of digital technology, electronics, and high-speed computers. • 1938 Boolean Algebra applied to high speed computers and electronic switching circuits.

  11. MATH CONTRIBUTIONS • Wrote a textbook on differential equations and another on difference equations. • Applied to modern legal liability.

  12. MAJOR MATH CONTRIBUTION • The realization that mathematics is not confined to the traditional areas of arithmetic, algebra, geometry and calculus.

  13. ACCOMPLISHMENTS • 1844 Boole was awarded the first gold metal for mathematics by Royal Society. • 1857 received the great honor of being elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. • 1851 received the LLD honorary award from Trinity College Dublin. • 1857 received the Keith Prize award from the University of Edinburgh.