implementing applied behavior analysis at scales of social significance l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis at Scales of Social Significance PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis at Scales of Social Significance

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis at Scales of Social Significance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 205 Views
  • Uploaded on

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis at Scales of Social Significance. Rob Horner and George Sugai University of Oregon- University of Connecticut www.pbis.org. Goals. Define an expanded role for ABA in our society Focus on large-scale implementation

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis at Scales of Social Significance' - Audrey


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
implementing applied behavior analysis at scales of social significance

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis at Scales of Social Significance

Rob Horner and George Sugai

University of Oregon- University of Connecticut

www.pbis.org

goals
Goals
  • Define an expanded role for ABA in our society
    • Focus on large-scale implementation
  • Use School-wide Positive Behavior Support as one example of large-scale implementation
expanding the contributions of applied behavior analysis
Expanding the Contributions of Applied Behavior Analysis
  • The value of a science of human behavior
    • Basic principles that help us describe, interpret and establish effective patterns of behavior
  • Applications
    • Schools
    • Families
    • Medicine
    • Business
    • Social Systems
concerns
Concerns
  • While behavior analysis is among the most powerful tools for achieving social change, too often ABA is viewed as relevant only within a narrow range of applications
      • Developmental disabilities, Autism (ASD)
        • Aggression, Self-injury, Severe Disability
      • “There is little doubt that behavior analysis as a field is somewhat beleaguered…”
        • J.E.R. Staddon, 2004 (Behavior Analyst)
      • Behavior analysis has been examined and rejected by the main elements of our society…
        • Todd Risley, 2002 (National Conference)
six key features to achieve large scale application of evidence based practices
Six Key Features to AchieveLarge-scale Application of Evidence-based Practices
  • 1. Focus on comprehensive outcomes defined by the values of the social system
  • 2. Expand the unit of analysis
  • 3. Measure processas well as outcome
  • 4. Make ABA principles more accessible
  • 5. Focus on sustained effects
  • 6. Define procedures for scaling-up effective practices.
positive behavior support
Positive Behavior Support
  • Focus on change in lifestyle as well as reduction in problem behavior
  • Evidence-based practice
  • Antecedent-based, as well as consequence-based, intervention (Prevention)
  • Functional Behavioral Assessment
  • Multi-component/ Multi-method Interventions
  • Data-based decision-making
slide7
“Were it not for the past 35 years of research in applied behavior analysis, PBS could not have come into existence.”
      • Carr et al., 2002
slide8
“…a great deal of PBS is applied behavior analysis, and it is acknowledged that the practices of many behavior analysts are fully consistent with PBS.”
      • Dunlap, 2004
what is school wide positive behavior support
What isSchool-wide Positive Behavior Support?
  • School-wide PBS is:
      • A systems approach for establishing the social culture and individualized behavioral supports needed for schools to achieve both social and academic success while preventing problem behavior
  • Evidence-based features of SW-PBS
      • Prevention
      • Define and teach positive social expectations
      • Acknowledge positive behavior
      • Arrange consistent consequences for problem behavior
      • On-going collection and use of data for decision-making
      • Continuum of intensive, individual interventions.
      • Administrative leadership – Team-based implementation (Systems that support effective practices)
school wide positive behavior support current implementation
School-wide Positive Behavior Support:Current Implementation
  • School-wide Positive Behavior Support
  • 5600 schools in 40 states
      • Team
      • Coach
      • Curriculum emphasizing prevention: Define and teach appropriate social behavior to all students
      • Formal system for rewarding appropriate behavior
      • Intensive, individual interventions based on behavioral function
      • On-going data collection and use of data for active decision-making
slide11

Tertiary Prevention:

Specialized

Individualized

Systems for Students with High-Risk Behavior

SCHOOL-WIDE

POSITIVE BEHAVIOR

SUPPORT

~5%

Secondary Prevention:

Specialized Group

Systems for Students with At-Risk Behavior

~15%

Primary Prevention:

School-/Classroom-

Wide Systems for

All Students,

Staff, & Settings



~80% of Students

school wide pbs
School-wide PBS
  • 1. Focus on comprehensive valued outcomes
      • Social competence
      • Academic achievement
      • Safety
  • 2. Expand the unit of analysis
    • Whole school
      • Classroom
        • Groups of “at-risk” students
          • Individual students needing intensive support
school wide pbs13
School-wide PBS
  • 3. Measurement
    • Include both process and outcome measures
      • Outcomes: Office Discipline Referrals/Academics
      • Process (implementation): Team Checklist
      • Research: System-wide Evaluation Tool (SET)
    • Distinguish between measurement for science and measurement for social implementation

SWIS

TIC data

NC Beh

SET data

school wide pbs14
School-wide PBS
  • 4. Make Evidence-based Practices Accessible
    • Use the language of the implementation context
    • Combine technologies needed to achieve valued outcomes.
      • ABA + Person-centered planning + Organizational Systems + Bio-Medical
    • Collaborate with other disciplines
      • Mental Health, Juvenile Justice, School Psychology, Sociology
    • Study implementation as well as application
      • Function-based intervention
      • Contextual fit

McIntosh

McKenna

Ingram

Benazzi

Bergstrom

school wide pbs15
School-wide PBS
  • 5. Implement to produce sustained effects
      • Define conditions for implementation
      • Implement to high fidelity
      • Embed policies, contingencies to support implementation
      • Establish tools that reduce cost of implementation in subsequent years.
      • Embed strategies for continuous regeneration
        • Iterative measurement
        • Use of data for decision-making and adaptation

FRMS Longitudinal

school wide pbs16
School-wide PBS
  • 6. Define practices for scaling up
      • Effectiveness
      • Efficacy
  • Documentation via randomized control-group Design
    • Provide research outcomes that address multiple audiences
      • Families
      • Administrators
      • Teachers
      • Scientist from all disciplines

Scale Model

Jennifer

Doolittle

90 School study

summary
Summary
  • Never stop development of the rigorous, precise science of human behavior.
  • Expand the unit of analysis to address socially relevant outcomes
    • Address the full set of outcomes defined as important for a context
  • Expand the research methods/questions to address socially important concerns.
    • Sustainability
    • Scalability
summary18
Summary
  • Combine technologies to address societal needs (match societal outcomes, and scale)
  • Build on our commitment to (a) measurement of behavior, and (b) application of basic behavioral principles.