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Tokugawa Japan. Powerpoint for EAST111. Historical overview. Aristocratic Society Yamato state formation Heijo (Nara), Heian (Kyoto) Warrior Society Kamakura, Ashikaga, Tokugawa (Edo) Modern Society (“emperor system”). Pre-Edo fort (16th c. Sengoku period). Tokugawa era, 1600-1868.

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tokugawa japan

Tokugawa Japan

Powerpoint for EAST111

historical overview
Historical overview
  • Aristocratic Society
    • Yamato state formation
    • Heijo (Nara), Heian (Kyoto)
  • Warrior Society
    • Kamakura, Ashikaga, Tokugawa (Edo)
  • Modern Society (“emperor system”)
tokugawa era 1600 1868
Tokugawa era, 1600-1868

"Japan at the End of the Edo Period," Felix Beato (Yokohama Archives of History Collection)

slide5

Oda Nobunaga

  • Toyotomi Hideyoshi
  • Tokugawa Ieyasu

Images from “D-project”

hideyoshi forerunner
Hideyoshi--forerunner
  • Sword hunt
  • Land survey
  • Implication?
    • Separation of samurai and commoner
    • Four class system (Artisan, Merchant, Peasant, Samurai--order?)
  • Samurai
  • Peasant
  • Artisan
  • Merchant

Toyotomi Hideyoshi by ISHIKAWA Mitsuaki. Univ. Art Mueum, Tokyo Nat’l University of Fine Arts and Music.

4 status system
4 status system
  • Artisan
  • Peasant
  • Merchant
  • Samurai
  • Samurai
    • Ruling class, 10% of population
  • Peasant
    • Agrarian-based society/economy
  • Artisan
  • Merchant
other four class systems
Chinese:

Scholar official

Peasant

Artisan

Merchant

Choson Korea

Yangban

Peasant

Artisans

“lowborn”

Other Four-class systems
other mechanisms of control
Ideological

Categorization of daimyo and Four-class system

Neo-Confucianism and Buddhism

Sacralization of founder--Nikko

Imperial patronage

Int’l relations

Alternate attendance

Regulation of daimyo marriages

Levies and assignments--repair, rebuild

One castle/one domain

Re-investiture on daimyo inheritance

Threat of expropriation

Other mechanisms of control
slide10
Tokugawa-era castletown

Brown=high-ranking Samurai

Tan=lower-level samurai

Orange/yellow=merchant areas

Blue=shrines and temples

implications
Alternate attendance

Regulation of daimyo marriages

Levies and assignments--repair, rebuild

One castle/one domain

Re-investiture on daimyo inheritance

Threat of expropriation

Sword hunt, land survey, and four-class system

Ideological

Financial?

Commercial?

Social?

Cultural?

Implications
the sekisui map of japan 1783
The Sekisui map of Japan, 1783
  • The Whole Map of Japan. Nagakubo Sekisui and Osei Soya. 1783. One of the first maps published in Japan to have the meridians and parallels as well as the scale of distance clearly marked. Sekisui consultated many sources, beginning with maps made by the shogunate, before drafting his own map. The "Sekisui map" became the authoritative map of Japan for the next ninety years until the fall of the Tokugawa regime.
  • From the Yale University Library Map Collection. URL:
    • http://www.library.yale.edu/MapColl/Lan18.htm
troubles within
Troubles within
  • Urbanization
  • Commercialization
  • Bureaucratization
  • Peasant disturbances
  • Samurai intellectual discourse
slide15

Peter Duus, “Weapons of the weak, weapons of the strong:--the development of the Japanese political cartoon.” Journal of Asian Studies 60.4 (Nov. 2001).

from shogun to emperor
From Shogun to Emperor

Meiji emperor 1868

  • Tokugawa Ieyasu Shogun