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Operational Verification and Use of TAWS. Col Mary Lockhart, ACC/DOW Lt Col (s) Brian Patterson, 120 FS CDR (s) Ray Chartier Jr, NPMOD Fallon Capt Donald Bohannon, MAWTS-1 Mr. William Stamper, NMOPDD Atlantic, Norfolk. Overview. Strike Aircraft Mission Planning TAWS Program Review

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operational verification and use of taws

Operational Verification and Use of TAWS

Col Mary Lockhart, ACC/DOW

Lt Col (s) Brian Patterson, 120 FS

CDR (s) Ray Chartier Jr, NPMOD Fallon

Capt Donald Bohannon, MAWTS-1

Mr. William Stamper, NMOPDD Atlantic, Norfolk

overview
Overview
  • Strike Aircraft Mission Planning
  • TAWS Program Review
  • Operational Verification / Evaluation of TAWS
  • TAWS and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF)
  • Way Ahead
objective
Objective

BOTOT & Survive!!!

Provide mission planning tools

to optimize attack effectiveness

while minimizing threat exposure

key info for attack planning
Key Info for Attack Planning
  • Objective: Plan that integrates sensors to optimize attack effectiveness while minimizing threat exposure
    • Attack axis
    • Attack timing
    • Optimum altitude
    • Sensor cueing
    • Thermal crossover
    • Polarity
    • Wx-Impacted illumination
weapon success rate

Cost: $1,140,000

Cost: $185,000

Cost: $2,375,000

Cost: $485,000

Weapon Success Rate

Wx Loss: $4,185,000

why use taws
Why use TAWS?

IR Sensor

taws review
TAWS Review
  • Predicts performance of PGMs & TAS
  • Supports NVG, TV, Laser & IR
      • Attack axis & timing
      • Optimum altitude
      • Sensor cueing
      • Thermal crossover
      • Polarity
      • Illumination
      • Wx- Impacted Illumination
      • DTED – terrain masking
  • PFPS / FalconView Interface
taws team concept intel ops and wx
TAWS “Team Concept”Intel, OPS and WX

Weather forecasters assist in Mission Planning Cell (MPC)

& provide the TAWS weather file

taws mission planning execution
TAWS Mission Planning / Execution

TOT-24 hrs

TOT-3 hrs

Pilot Brief

Sensor viewing / detection range information

MPC

Attack plan (angle/altitude/time) and sensor selection

“Decision-quality weather during mission planning,

rather than showstoppers at step time”

taws use contingency operations
TAWS Use / Contingency Operations
  • Distribution:
    • TAWS V 1 & 2: DOD Weather units
    • TAWS Version 3: PFPS Users (aviators) – Fall 03
  • OIF/OEF/ONE
    • Must stay OPS focused
    • High resolution tgts modeled
operational verification evaluation
Operational Verification / Evaluation
  • Operational Feedback
    • TAWS Design Reviews at Weapons School
    • Mission Planners Users Conferences (MPUC)
    • Weapons & Tactics Conferences
    • Air to Ground Weapon System Evaluation Program (A/G WSEP)
    • Air wing training visits
    • Statistical inflight video review & subjective pilot surveys
  • TAWS Prediction Evaluations
    • Spanned the globe
    • Various platforms, weapon systems and missions
operational evaluation areas

Air Warfare Center

Weapons School

Red Flag

JEFX

Air Warrior

Navy Fallon

MCAS Yuma

Operational Evaluation Areas

Additional Testers

PACAF

USAFE

CENTAF

ANG

AFRL

A-G WSEP

ONW

OSW

Bosnia

Coronet Nighthawk

tda verification
TDA Verification
  • EOTDA MDT
  • EOTDA Lock-on
  • AGM-65 Maverick Lock-on
  • TAWS 30%
  • TAWS 70%
  • Pilot Detect
tda pilot survey

Not

Useful

Somewhat

Useful

Useful

Mission

Essential

TDA Pilot Survey

Rated pre-mission and inflight usefulness of data

operation iraqi freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
  • 68% of Weapons dropped were PGM’s
  • 70% of Iraq cloud free only 30% of the time
  • Traditional strike planning at multiple locations
  • Time-sensitive targeting
time sensitive targeting
Time Sensitive Targeting
  • Primary: CTBM (Counter SCUD)
  • Other: CAS, CSAR, Rescort, AI, DCA
tst tda tactical planning

Detection Range (TAWS)

ID Altitude (IRTSS)

Threats

Clouds & Winds

GOB

Platform Selection

Weapons Load out

Search Flow

ROE

TST & TDA Tactical Planning
way ahead
Way Ahead

Atmospherics

  • Improve atmospheric transmission models (physics)
  • Robust automated weather models (validation)
  • Upper atmospheric modeling (U-2, Globalhawk)
  • Aerosols
  • Climatology
  • Weather data cubes

Computing

  • Platform independence
  • Simplify: 3 Clicks
  • Integration with JMPS
  • Run-time improvements
  • Uplink to cockpit : Rapid re-targeting support

Targeteering

  • Model additional sensors / targets
  • Target building capability
taws real time in cockpit

GAIN

SYM

CEN

CPL

NORM

ACT

CNTL

FIX

40

6

2

2

22

A-65H

A-65G

6

330 33

340 20

340 22

F39

1A2S6B

+25

11L 010

12REDI

350

SWAP

TAD

DCLT

SMS

BRT

CON

TAWS Real Time in Cockpit

2

H

33

13

X

X

X

X

X

taws bottom line
TAWS: Bottom-line
  • TAWS is designed to integrate with current mission planning tools
  • TAWS “improves target acquisition and detection ” and “improved battlefield position selection”
  • Enables the shooter to exploit the battlefield