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Country ICT Scenario: Bangladesh. Aminul Islam & Saleh Khan UNDP Bangladesh. Regional ICT for Development Programme Officer’s Workshop Kulal Lumpur, Malaysia 9 – 13 December 2002. ICT Scenario: Institutional.

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Country ict scenario bangladesh l.jpg

Country ICT Scenario:Bangladesh

Aminul Islam & Saleh Khan

UNDP Bangladesh

Regional ICT for Development Programme Officer’s Workshop

Kulal Lumpur, Malaysia

9 – 13 December 2002

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ICT Scenario: Institutional

  • Ministry of Science and Technology renamed to Ministry of Science and ICT with new mandate

  • Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission set up to provide guidance and policy inputs in the sector

  • National ICT Policy formulated

  • ICT related activities seen as the next big thing in terms of export earnings and national development

  • No duties / taxes on computer hardware and software


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GoB’s ICT Policy

  • Prime Minister declares ICT as the “Thrust Sector” in National Development Plan and “the key-driving element for socio-economic development”

  • Aims at building an ICT driven nation by 2006

  • Broad based policy that stresses on human resource, infrastructure and enabling environment development

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Bangladesh: Successes

  • IT parks developed by NGOs and CSOs

  • BRAC has set up rural public libraries and is in process of linking these to the Internet

  • Test case IT village set up by Grameen

  • Private sector initiatives in telemedicine

  • Government actively mainstreaming IT education at primary / secondary level

  • Cellular phone overtook limited available fixed landlines in

    2001 to facilitate telecommunication in remote villages

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Bangladesh: Obstacles

  • Lack of high speed access to the Internet

  • Lack of telecommunication infrastructure

  • Lack of legal / financial environment to support e-Commerce

  • Inexperience in catering to the global software market and to compete in it

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CO Bangladesh

  • ICT for Development in process of being main streamed in practice area programmes / projects

  • Task force formed to provide policy guidance to the CO by January 2003

  • Has IT / ICT components in some of its projects with SDNP being the only true ICT4D programme

  • Office Intranet (OfficeNet) developed to facilitate knowledge networking / collaboration in the CO

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Mandate: ICT4D Task Force

  • To identify feasibility of undertaking ICT4D programmes / projects in Bangladesh

  • To identify sectors for intervention in Bangladesh and identify development niches to cater to

  • To identify mechanisms facilitating knowledge networking with SURFs and APDIP

  • To expand partnership with other development actors in the country as well as with civil society and NGO partners

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Upcoming ICT Initiatives

  • SPPD under formulation with the assistance of ITU to assist telecom regulatory reforms

  • Pipeline project on e-Governance, through the ICT-TTF, to promote SMEs as a model of poverty alleviation through the use of e-Government initiatives in the Ministry of Trade and Commerce

  • Awareness / advocacy sessions on office re-orientation using ICT based tools to facilitate knowledge sharing / collaboration to government and donor partners

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Donor Initiatives

  • No clear information / compilation of data in the sector

  • ICT project ‘rides on’ others projects / programmes

  • DFiD exploring the sector to enter

  • World Bank group funded project on developing infrastructure in the telecommunications sector