latin american revolutions l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Latin American Revolutions PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Latin American Revolutions

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 31

Latin American Revolutions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 592 Views
  • Uploaded on

Latin American Revolutions. Comparing Spanish/British colonies. Importance of American Colonies: Spain: major part of empire Britain: small outpost of empire Profits from American Colonies: Spain: huge profits Britain: struggled to tax colonies to pay for . Causes. Enlightenment

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Latin American Revolutions


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Latin American Revolutions

    2. Comparing Spanish/British colonies • Importance of American Colonies: • Spain: major part of empire • Britain: small outpost of empire • Profits from American Colonies: • Spain: huge profits • Britain: struggled to tax colonies to pay for

    3. Causes • Enlightenment • Americanism • Other Revolutions • Economic Issues • Social Issues

    4. enlightenment • Challenge to the absolute monarchy • Natural laws • Popular Sovereignty

    5. Spanish Enlightenment • Program of modernization • Administration • Imperial economy • Renewed imperialism

    6. Spanish American Enlightenment • Critical attitude toward: • Authority • Tradition • Monarchy • Less about revolutionary sentiments

    7. Monarchy • Beginning of 18th century, the Hapsburgs were replaced with the Bourbons. • Bourbons moved empire toward bureaucratic/rational system away from the personal ethos of Hapsburgs. • Creoles –loyalty NOT to nation but to king. Philip V – 1st Bourbon King

    8. Church • Spanish Americans begin to question power/authority of Catholic Church. • Enlightenment influence • Political/economic motives Santo Domingo Church, Oaxaco, Mexico

    9. Americanism • Creoles’ sense of pride as Americans • Perhaps greater role than Enlightenment

    10. Revolutions • United States • Spurs confidence in other colonies • Example of a republic that worked

    11. Revolutions • France • Overall too radical, democratic, anarchic for most creoles • Provided political rationale: liberty, equality, republican government, representation, free trade LibertyLeading the People - Eugene Delacroix

    12. Haiti 1791 Begins 1804 Declares independence 1820 Independent Republic Revolutions Jean-Jacques Dessalines Toussaint L’Ouverture

    13. Trade Revolution • Spanish mercantilism restricted creoles’ ability to trade with England and within the empire. • English manufactured goods, textiles – first industrial revolution

    14. Political Disempowerment Economic Disempowerment Social Hierarchy Social Issues

    15. The Spark

    16. French control of Spain 1804 Napoleon = Emperor Goal: European domination May 1808: Fernando VII abdicates; Spain handed over to France. 6 year struggle to regain Spanish independence War in Europe

    17. Spanish Uprisings • Juntas formed – loyal to Fernando VII. • 1810 – Junta becomes Council of Regency ruling in name of Fernando • 1812 Council transformed into cortes – Parliament. • Called for end of most privileges/rights of feudal society • Wrote Spain’s first constitution

    18. American Reaction • Colonists formed own juntas – people ruling instead of king • Political/economic autonomy • British navy prevent French from crossing Atlantic

    19. LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS • Haiti (1791-1804) • Ecuador (1809-1822) • Bolivia (1809-25) • Argentina (1810-1816) • Chile (1810 -19) • Colombia (1810-19) • Mexico (1810-21) • Paraguay (1811) • Venezuela (1811-22) • Peru (1821) • Brazil (1822)

    20. Leaders of Latin American Revolutions • Jose de San Martin (Argentina, Chile, Peru) • Miguel de Hidalgo (Mexico) • Simon Bolivar (Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Panama, and Bolivia) • Toussaint L’Ouverture (Haiti) • Jose Maria Morelos (Mexico) • Bernando O’Higgins (Chile)

    21. Return of Fernando Vii • 1814 • Attempted to return to absolutist, colonial regime of 18th century • Triggers second wave of revolutions

    22. Brazil Independence • Braganza family on throne • 1807: King Joao & the Portuguese royal family flee to Brazil under British escort • 1821: Pedro I set up a new, independent kingdom in 1821 Pedro I

    23. Brazil Independence • 1822: Pedro accepts creation of assembly. Closed it when liberals too popular sovereignty too seriously. • 1824 constitution called for senate appointed for life, emperor’s “moderating power” above other branches. • Anti-Portuguese rioting – Brazil for the Brazilians

    24. Brazil • 1831: Pedro abdicates returns to Portugal, left his son (Pedro) to take his place. He was only 5, but had been born in Brazil. • 1831-1840: Regency years • Liberal rebellions, republics declared, slaves involved • 1840: Prince Pedro put on thrown (14 yrs old)

    25. Political Effects on independence movements • First governments were liberal • Lacked resources and allies • Most republics rapidly fell • Faith in democracy waned • Toppling governments by revolution became system

    26. Political Effects • Patronage (aka spoils) = doling out of government jobs, pensions, public works • Caudillos = strong political leaders who command personal loyalty of many followers

    27. Caudillismo Juan Manuel de Rosas, Argentina Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

    28. Social Effects • Indigenous: little effect • Rural Latin Americans: depended on subsistence farming • Landowners = Power