Howard Abadinsky. ORGANIZED. CRIME. Eighth Edition. CHAPTER. ONE. The DEFINITION and STRUCTURE of ORGANIZED CRIME. DEFINING ORGANIZED CRIME There is no widely accepted definition. Some suggest entrepreneurial conception that avoids ethnic overtones of the term “organized crime.”
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The DEFINITION and STRUCTURE of ORGANIZED CRIME
There is no widely accepted definition.
Some suggest entrepreneurial conception
that avoids ethnic overtones of the term
Others cite a semanticsproblem: most
definitions call a specific behavior or act
OC; the generic meaning usually refers
to a group of people or an entity.
ends, overthrow governments, and impose
coexists with the legitimate government.
business and security reasons.
most American Mafia groups.
a patron-client relationship.
Patrons provide economic aid and protection,
act as power brokers.
Clients repay with esteem and loyalty.
Independent criminals in patron’s territory are
referred to as “outlaws.”
Patrons will not help if outlaws are arrested;
will quash outlaws who conflict with patron’s
own criminal activities; and may force outlaws
to share their illegal profits (pay tribute) to receive “protection.”
demonstrate rispetto (respect).
Respect is important element of OC subculture.
Non-OC affiliated criminals render respect to
secure vital information and assistance and
ensure their operations are not jeopardized by
A patron’s blessing on an outlaw’s activities
shields those activities from interference—and
provides a steady, and highly lucrative, income
flow to the patron’s coffers.
secure system survival.
As independent entrepreneurs, members:
a. share their criminal profits with the
b. are protected by the Family from
other criminals; and
c. have unlimited access to the Family’s