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Organized Crime. Defining organized crime Organized Crime Groups Organized Crime Activities Challenges controlling organized crime. What is organized crime?.

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Presentation Transcript
organized crime
Organized Crime
  • Defining organized crime
  • Organized Crime Groups
  • Organized Crime Activities
  • Challenges controlling organized crime
what is organized crime
What is organized crime?
  • Police: “…organized crime occurs when two or more persons consort together on a continuing basis to participate in illegal activities, either directly or indirectly, for gain.”
organized crime groups
Organized Crime Groups
  • Italian Mafia
  • Russian Mafiya
  • Chinese Triads
  • Japanese Yakuza
  • Hell’s Angels
traits of organized crime
Traits of organized crime
  • Hierarchical & specialized division of labour
  • Strict codes of conduct
  • Communication secretive
  • Organization is self-perpetuating
  • Membership is restrictive
  • Profit primary motive
  • Use extortion & corruption
crime activities
Crime Activities
  • Tactical crime – violence, blackmail & corruption
  • Illegitimate business esp. gambling, racketeering, loan sharking
  • Prostitution
  • Drugs
  • Legal business
costs of organized crime
Costs of Organized Crime
  • 1983 - $10 billion worldwide
  • Distrust in govts which are corrupted
  • Legitimate businesses bankrupted
  • Consumers & employees are indirect victims
  • Higher taxes for policing
  • Accidental victims
  • Threat of terrorism
2 perspectives on organized crime
Syndicate

Assumes Italians still in charge

“Commission” oversees all families

Clear Hierarchy

Omerta code

Confederate

Diverse ethnic groups involved

Groups may cooperate at times

Power shared; turfs are divided

2 Perspectives on Organized Crime
theory of organized crime
Theory of Organized Crime
  • Queer Ladder & Ethnic Succession
challenges controlling organized crime
Challenges controlling organized crime
  • Difficult to penetrate
  • Limitations of Canadian criminal law (mens rea)
  • Police forces not adequately trained
  • Public not keen on police interventions (electronic surveillance)