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Organized Labor. Essential Question What is a labor union and why has membership declined ?. CA Standard(s) Covered. 12.4 Students analyze the elements of the U.S. labor market in a global setting.

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organized labor

Organized Labor

Essential Question

What is a labor union and why has membership declined?

ca standard s covered
CA Standard(s) Covered

12.4 Students analyze the elements of the U.S. labor market in a global setting.

1. Understand the operations of the labor market, including the circumstances surrounding the establishment of principal American labor unions, procedures that unions use to gain benefits for their members, the effects of unionization, the minimum wage, and unemployment insurance.

Essential Question

What is a labor union and why has membership declined?

union membership trends
Union Membership Trends

A labor union is an organization of workers that tries to improve working conditions, wages, and benefits for its members.

  • Less than 14 percent of U.S. workers belong to a labor union.
  • Union membership has been declining.

Essential Question

What is a labor union and why has membership declined?

collective bargaining
Collective Bargaining

Collective bargaining is the process in which union and company representatives meet to negotiate a new labor contract.

Wages and Benefits

  • The Union negotiates on behalf of all members for wage rate, overtime rates, planned raises, and benefits.

Working Conditions

  • Safety, comfort, worker responsibilities, and other workplace issues are negotiated and written into the final contract.

Job Security

  • One of the union’s primary goals is to secure its members’ jobs. The contract spells out the conditions under which a worker may be fired.

Essential Question

What is a labor union and why has membership declined?

labor strikes and settlements
Labor Strikes and Settlements

Mediation

  • To avoid the economic losses of a strike, a third party is sometimes called in to settle the dispute. Mediation is a settlement technique in which a neutral mediator meets with each side to try and find an acceptable solution that both sides will accept.

Arbitration

  • If mediation fails, talks may go into arbitration, a settlement technique in which a third party reviews the case and imposes a decision that is legally binding for both sides.

Strikes

  • If no agreement is met between the union and the company, the union may ask its members to vote on a strike. A strike is an organized work stoppage intended to force an employer to address union demands. Strikes can be harmful to both the union and the firm.

Essential Question

What is a labor union and why has membership declined?

section assessment
Section Assessment

1. Which of the following is not a goal of unions?

(a) increase job security

(b) take control of company ownership

(c) higher wages for employees

(d) increase worker benefits

2. What has been the pattern of union membership in recent years?

(a) growth of private sector union membership only

(b) decline of overall union membership

(c) steady increase of overall membership

(d) decline of public sector union membership only

section assessment1
Section Assessment

1. Which of the following is not a goal of unions?

(a) increase job security

(b) take control of company ownership

(c) higher wages for employees

(d) increase worker benefits

2. What has been the pattern of union membership in recent years?

(a) growth of private sector union membership only

(b) decline of overall union membership

(c) steady increase of overall membership

(d) decline of public sector union membership only

slide8
HW
  • Read pages 228-234 and complete questions 1-5 p. 234.