division of biological health sciences college of lake county november 14 2007 l.
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Division of Biological & Health Sciences College of Lake County November 14, 2007. Exploring Health Careers. Introduction of Presenters. Dr. Denise Anastasio – Dean of Biological and Health Sciences Dr. Deb Jezuit – Director of Nursing Education Derek Shouba – Associate Dean

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introduction of presenters
Introduction of Presenters

Dr. Denise Anastasio – Dean of Biological and Health Sciences

Dr. Deb Jezuit – Director of Nursing Education

Derek Shouba – Associate Dean

Sandie Cosner – Academic Advisor

Kris Dahl – Counselor

Panel members –Margaret Kyriakos (Health Information), Dr. Jezuit (Nursing and Nursing Assistant), Dr. Lakshmi Gollapudi (Medical and Other Professional Careers), Dr. Mayur Shah (Pharmacy and Pharmacy Technician), Soheila Kayoud (Surgical Technology)


Overview of Health Science Careers

Panel Discussion of Select Careers

Career Exploration Resources & Next Steps

Feedback/Evaluation of Session

objectives for overview of health career exploration
Objectives for Overviewof Health Career Exploration

Factors affecting increase for health careers

Positive and negative aspects of health careers

Understand the range of health care career options

Understand the educational requirements

Resources for exploring career options

Plan next steps for career exploration

encouraging statistics
Encouraging Statistics

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, 6 of the 10 of the fastest growing occupation are health related careers

According to Rose Porter, Dean of Sinclair School of Nursing, Missouri University, and cited from Boston Reed College, there will be a nursing shortage of 1 million in the year 2020

factors affecting health care and demand for health care workers7
Factors Affecting Health Care and Demand for Health Care Workers

Increasing number of older people

Increasing percentage of older people

Increased lifespan

Baby boomers requiring increased medical assistance

Expanding technology and knowledge in medicine

Increasing expectations regarding health care

Increasing number of urgent care clinics, nursing homes, and urgent care clinics

More nurses and skilled healthcare professionals leaving due workforce due to retirement

Transformation of the U.S. economy into a service economy

America’s continued leadership in the field of high technology healthcare

Continued advancements in pharmacology and other medical fields

advantages of health care careers9
Advantages of Health Care Careers

Expanding industry; positive job growth trends

Industry is nationwide; healthcare jobs are available in all fifty states

Helping professions can be meaningful and personally rewarding

Pay rates and benefits are generally high and rising in proportion to other industry sectors

Medical advancements mean constant learning, constant challenges

Opportunities for career advancement

Opportunities for all age groups

It’s possible to enter the sector at almost any educational level

Frequently flexible hours

Frequently flexible work environments

Opportunities to work in a variety of setting, e.g., hospitals, nursing homes, medical offices, retail outlets, urgent care clinics, assistant living facilities, clinics, spas, etc.

some disadvantages of health care careers11
Some Disadvantages of Health Care Careers

Educational requirements can be demanding, long-term, and expensive

Educational and training requirements can block certain forms of advancement or career flexibility

Some high paying academic programs related to specific careers are very selective, e.g., nursing, medical imaging, pharmacists, etc.

Depending on the job, the hours can be strenuous

Some medical facilities are understaffed or under funded

Emotional Challenges: life or death decisions, accidentally hurting patients, etc.

Exhausting physical Requirements: standing, lifting, touching patients, etc.

Environment can be unpleasant: smells, cutting open or burning patients in medical procedures, etc.

Threat of malpractice lawsuits, high cost of insurance, and H.M.O. environment can be discouraging to some

Not all health careers have positive short-term or long-term job market trends

range of health care professions
Range of Health Care Professions

By Broad Function

I. Diagnostic-oriented (identifying conditions)‏

Clinical lab specialists

MLT, MT, Histologist

X-ray and other imaging (from techs to doctors)‏


CAT scan


Respiratory function diagnostics

Gastrointestinal diagnostics

Cardiac diagnostics (EKG, stress testing, ultrasound)‏

Contact w/ patient episodic, not often ongoing

range of health care professions13
Range of Health Care Professions

By Broad Function

II. Treatment-oriented careers (examples – not complete)‏

Physical Therapist

Occupational Therapist

Speech and Language Therapist

Surgical Technologist

Massage Therapist

Respiratory Care

Dental Hygiene


Nurse Assistant

Medical Assistant

Contact w/ patients often longer term

range of health care professions14
Range of Health Care Professions

By Broad Function

III. Education of Patient and Family



Physical Therapist

Occupational Therapist

Dental Hygienist

Medical Assistant

Contact w/ patient short and/or long term

range of health care professions15
Range of Health Care Professions

By Broad Function

IV. Support functions

Medical Billing and Coding Specialists

Health Information

Medical Transcriptionist

Office Manager

Medical Secretary

Cancer registrar

Little or no patient contact

educational requirements for some health care professionals
Educational Requirements for Some Health Care Professionals

On-the-job Training or Optional Short Training

Dietary aide

Unit clerk

EKG tech

Pharmacy Technician

Short-term Training (< 6 months)‏

Nurse Assisting


EMT- Basic

Approximately 1-year programs (full-time)‏

LPN (licensed practical nurse)‏

Medical Assisting

Massage Therapy

Medical Transcription, Medical Billing

Surgical Technology

educational requirements for some health care professions
Educational Requirements for Some Health Care Professions

Associate Degree (2+ years)‏

(Often have entrance requirements taking 1 year to complete)‏

Nursing (Associate degree nurse) – R.N.

Radiologic Technologist ((Xray tech, Medical Imaging)‏

Health Information Technologist

Dental Hygiene

Physical Therapy Assistant

Occupational Therapy Assistant

Medical Lab Technology

Diagnostic Sonographer

Ophthalmic Medical Technician

educational requirements for some health care professions18
Educational Requirements for Some Health Care Professions

Bachelor's degree (4 years minimum)‏

Nurse (Bachelor in Science Nursing – BSN) – R.N.

Health Information Administrator

Radiologist Sciences

Medical Technician


Physician Assistant (generally 24-27 mo. w/previous college-level work)‏

Master's degree

Physical Therapy (some are doctorate)‏

Occupational Therapy

Audiology (moving to doctorate)‏

educational requirements for physicians traditional
Educational Requirements for Physicians (Traditional)‏

Bachelor's degree (major typically in Biology but doesn't need to be in science) – 4 years

Medical School – 4 years

Graduate Medical Education (“residency” in a medical specialty)‏

3 years for family practice, pediatrics

4 years for other specialties

Additional years for subspecialties

11 or more years of post-high school education!

educational requirements for other doctorate level professions
Educational Requirements for other Doctorate level professions


Bachelor's degree (4 years of college)‏

3 years of chiropractic school

Pharmacists – Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD)‏

2 years of specific preprofessional course work

4 years of pharmacy school


Bachelor's degree

4 years of dental school

panel discussion
Panel Discussion


Moderator Questions

Briefly overview the job/career you are representing

What are some common myths

Most rewarding aspects

Biggest challenges

How did you get interested

Short-term/long-term job prospect

Audience Questions

career exploration resources
Career Exploration Resources



Professional Associations

Accrediting agencies

State agencies

Occupational Outlook Handbook

Health Professions Career & Edu Directory (AMA)‏

Career Counselors

Career Testing

resources at clc
Resources at CLC
  • http://www.clcillinois.edu/divns/biodv.asp
  • http://www.clcillinois.edu/depts/biodv/infoSessions.asp
  • Career and Professional Program Advisors (See sheet)‏
  • Counseling Center
  • Career and Placement Office
next steps
Next Steps

Accrediting Bodies

Asking the right questions


Credit versus noncredit

Accredited or not accredited


Certificate or diploma

Job statistics & employment trends

Work settings

Academic requirements & career testing

Length of program

Opportunity for career advancement

Level of comfort, interest & passion