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MODALS: FUNCTIONS. By Mgr. Šárka Jurajdová. VY_32_INOVACE_AJ1r0109. Functions. Match the following sentences with particular modals to the functions they have. What kind of situation would you use this sentence in? Can you reply?. 1 / Are you nuts? You mustn’t bring guns to school!

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Modals functions

MODALS: FUNCTIONS

By Mgr. Šárka Jurajdová

VY_32_INOVACE_AJ1r0109


Functions
Functions

  • Match the following sentences with particular modals to the functions they have.

  • What kind of situation would you use this sentence in? Can you reply?


1/Are you nuts? You mustn’t bring guns to school!

2/ Phoebe should not eat that much, look at her!

3/ He must have a mistress, he’s on cloud nine.

4/ £22 is too much! We ordered it for less. It should cost £18 according to the catalogue.

5/ I must ask her what she really feels.

6/ You ought to try to read that book, you’ll love it!

7/ Josh will come to that party, I bet!

8/ I would never go to Bangladesh for holidays, even if I could.

9/ I will go there with you, don’t be scared.

10/Can you read people’s minds or what?

11/ I can let you know in advance.

12/Can you please decide as soon as possible?

13/ You obviously can’t marry since you don’t have my consent, right?

14/ It could be a murder, but the police consider a suicide much likely.

15/Could I go to spend night at my friend’s place?

16/May I take part in this project?

17/ He might be having a meeting, but try to call him.

a) necessity, personal feeling

b) possibility, uncertainty

c) ability

d) criticism, opinion

e) offer

f) logical deduction, certainty

g) correction

h) request

i) prohibition

j) permission

k) polite asking for permission

l) uncertainty

m) assumption

n) permission, very formal

o) recommendation

p) certainty in supressedconditional clause

q) intention, willingness


1/Are you nuts? You mustn’t bring guns to school!

PROHIBITION

2/ Phoebe should not eat that much, look at her!

CRITICISM, OPINION

3/ He must have a mistress, he’s on cloud nine.

LOGICAL DEDUCTION, CERTAINTY

4/ £22 is too much! We ordered it for less. It should cost £18 according to the catalogue.

CORRECTION

5/ I must ask her what she really feels.

NECESSITY, PERSONAL FEELING


6/ You ought to try to read that book, you’ll love it!

RECOMMENDATION

7/ Josh will come to that party, I bet!

ASSUMPTION

8/ I would never go to Bangladesh for holidays, even if I could.

CERTAINTY IN A SUPRESSED CONDITIONAL CLAUSE

9/ I will go there with you, don’t be scared.

INTENTION, WILLINGNESS

10/Can you read people’s minds or what?

ABILITY


11/ I can let you know in advance.

OFFER

12/Can you please decide as soon as possible?

REQUEST

13/ You obviously can’t marry since you don’t have my consent, right?

PERMISSION

14/ It could be a murder, but the police consider a suicide much likely.

UNCERTAINTY


15/Could I go to spend night at my friend’s place?

POLITE ASKING FOR PERMISSION

16/May I take part in this project?

PERMISSION, VERY FORMAL

17/ He might be having a meeting, but try to call him.

POSSIBILITY, UNCERTAINTY


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