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NAEYC Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children from Birth through Age 8. Critical Issues. Reducing the learning gap and increasing the achievement of all children. Creating improved, better connected education for preschool and elementary children.

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Critical Issues

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Critical issues

NAEYCDevelopmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children from Birth through Age 8


Critical issues

Critical Issues

  • Reducing the learning gap and increasing the achievement of all children.

  • Creating improved, better connected education for preschool and elementary children.

  • Recognizing teacher knowledge and decision making as vital to educational effectiveness.


Reducing learning gaps and increasing achievement for all children

Reducing learning gaps and increasing achievement for all children

  • 3 specific subgroups of children in the U.S. lag behind their peers: 1_______ 2_______ 3_______

  • Prime differences: 1_________ 2________

  • Part of larger concern: _________________

  • Action: Learning standards

  • Action: Child outcomes framework


Creating improved better connected education for preschool and elementary children

Creating improved, better connected education for preschool and elementary children

  • Mandated accountability requirements.

  • Increased publicly funded early childhood experiences.

  • Alignment is critical – but should not be simplifying for younger children – but should be based on children’s development

  • Concerns: 1__________ 2_________ 3___________4__________5________ 6___________

  • Together teachers must ensure _____________


Recognizing teacher knowledge and decision making as vital to the educational process

Recognizing teacher knowledge and decision making as vital to the educational process

  • Teacher preparation in child development

  • Teachers know the children in their classroom as a group and individually

    1_______________2________________

    3________________

  • Expert decision making requires that teachers have:

    1_______________2________________

    3________________

  • To make sound instructional decisions teachers need:

    1 ________________2________________

    3________________

  • In summary, good teaching requires:

    1 ________________2________________

    3________________


Research

Research

  • 4 Domains: PIES

  • Learning Goals 1_________ 2_______ 3__________

  • Proven practices 1_________ 2__________ 3________

  • Research about teachers

    • Knowledge about____________

    • Repertoire of______________


Core considerations

Core Considerations

  • Knowledge to consider in making decisions 1___________ 2_______ 3 ___________

  • Challenging and achievable goals for acquiring skills, abilities or knowledge – stretch, mastery and set new goals

  • Teachers are INTENTIONAL

    1__________ 2_________ 3__________ 4_________ 5_________ 6_________


Principles of child development

Principles of child development

  • Not based on what we _________ be true nor on what we _______ about young children.

  • Developmentally appropriate practice is informed by what we know from___________

  • Just as all domains of development and learning are ____________,

  • All principles _____________


Principle 1 all domains of development and learning are important and they are closely interrelated

Principle #1All domains of development and learning are important and they are closely interrelated.


Principle 2 aspects of children s learning follow well documented sequences

Principle #2Aspects of children’s learning follow well documented sequences.


Principal 3 development and learning proceed at different rates

Principal #3 Development and learning proceed at different rates


Critical issues

Principle #4 Development and learning result from interaction of biological maturation and experience


Critical issues

Principle #5Early experiences have a profound effects on development and learning AND optimal periods exist for certain types of development and learning.


Critical issues

Principle #6Development proceeds toward greater complexity, self-regulation, and symbolic or representational capacities


Critical issues

Principle #7 Children develop best when they have secure, consistent relationships with responsive adults and opportunities for positive relationships with peers.


Critical issues

Principle #8Development and learning occur in and are influenced by multiple social and cultural contexts.


Critical issues

Principle #9Children learn in a variety of ways: a wide range of teaching strategies and interactions are effective


Critical issues

Principle #10 Play is an important vehicle for developing self regulation as well as for promoting language, cognition, and social competence.


Critical issues

Principle #11 Development and learning advance when children are challenged to achieve at a level just beyond their current mastery, and also when they have opportunities to practice newly acquired skills.


Critical issues

Principle # 12Children’s experiences shape their motivation and approaches to learning, such as persistence, initiative, and flexibility; in turn, these dispositions and behaviors affect their learning and development.


Guidelines for developmentally appropriate practice

Guidelines for developmentally appropriate practice.

  • Creating a caring community of learners

  • Teaching to enhance development and learning

  • Planning curriculum to achieve important goals

  • Assessing children’s development and learning

  • Establishing reciprocal relationships with families.


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