Critical issues in education
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Critical Issues in Education. Course Notes Charlie Skipper Fall, 2005. Friday, Class 1. Plan of Action Introductions and Housekeeping Syllabus Review Create the Presentation Teams Paige Emerich – Technology and the Writing Process at EA Review Charlie’s Questions/Add Others

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Critical Issues in Education

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Critical issues in education

Critical Issues in Education

Course Notes

Charlie Skipper

Fall, 2005

Friday class 1

Friday, Class 1

  • Plan of Action

    • Introductions and Housekeeping

    • Syllabus Review

    • Create the Presentation Teams

    • Paige Emerich – Technology and the Writing Process at EA

    • Review Charlie’s Questions/Add Others

    • What is Unassailably True about Education?

    • Curing Presentism – Roots in Education

      • Philosophy and History

Focusing questions

Focusing Questions

  • What is unassailably true about education?

  • What is the problem of presentism and why is it so pervasive?

Roots in education

Roots in Education

  • Education – Educere (to draw or bring out) v Educare (to train or bring up)

  • Historical Overview

    • Pre-Greek

    • Greek Models – Socrates then Academies

    • Church and Monasteries

    • Middle Ages and Universities

    • Pre-University Education Until French Revolution

Roots in education1

Roots in Education

  • Elements pre-French Revolution

    • Elite

    • Religious

    • Tutors

  • Post-French Revolution

    • European Model – Meritocracy, State-Sponsored Education to Secular Ends, Harkens to Chinese Civil Service approach of national testing to privileged education

Roots in education2

Roots in Education

  • Post-American Revolution

    • Traditional

      • New England and Schools to learn to read bible

      • Southern tutors to train the elite for admission to universities

    • Thomas Jefferson and Horace Mann

      • TJ – Public education required for a democracy

      • Mann – Public education required for the workplace

Roots in education3

Roots in Education

  • Industrial Revolution, Romanticism and Child Labor

    • Education comes to be seen as something other than an elite privilege

    • In the US, due to immigration, education comes to be seen as a mechanism for assimilation – tool of the melting pot

    • Labor gets organized and wants to move children out of the labor force

    • Romanticism and reformers seek to improve the lot of all, including children, and horror stories like those of Charles Dickens led to child labor laws AND a need for a place for children to be

Roots in education4

Roots in Education

  • Public Schools, by the latter half of the 19th century, become the place that children should be.

  • 1st Curriculums based on elite notions of what a person should learn

  • African America divides on the question of education

    • Booker T. Washington – Vocational Ed

    • W.E.B. Dubois – Elite Education

Roots in education5

Roots in Education

  • Work of John Dewey and Progressive Education

    • Students should be actively engaged in their learning

    • Students learn best when they study subjects or ideas related to their lives and world

    • Rejection of classical and elite model of learning

Roots in education6

Roots in Education

  • Rise of Business Models and Interest in a “Trained Workforce”

    • Efficiency and effectiveness studies from Taylor’s work were applied to school settings

    • Schools as factories – students as products of managerial processes

    • Role of school is to rationalize the process of creating good workers

Roots in education7

Roots in Education

  • The Great Depression Undermined much of the business orientation and outcomes focus – Why?

  • Rise of Professionalization of the Field

    • Accreditation of Schools

    • Ending Normal Schools and Rise of Required Degrees

    • Growth of Education Schools and Licensure

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