Expanding west
1 / 37

Expanding West - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Expanding West. Questions. What is westward expansion? How did populations change as Americans expanded to the West? What were some of the consequences of westward expansion?. What Started It All. In the early 1800s, beaver furs were highly sought after; used in making hats

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Expanding West' - xanthus-clemons

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


  • What is westward expansion?

  • How did populations change as Americans expanded to the West?

  • What were some of the consequences of westward expansion?

The oregon trail
The Oregon Trail expensive

  • 2,000 mile trail from the Midwest to Oregon & California

    • Expensive journey; many dangers

      • Food shortages

      • Weather and landforms

      • Native attacks

  • The Santa Fe Trail was similar and ended in present day NM

Question expensive

  • What reasons can you think of that would explain why so many Americans would journey west?

  • Why would they face so many threats and dangers?

The mormons
The expensiveMormons

  • Officially belonged to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

    • Led by Joseph Smith & Brigham Young

    • Seeking religious freedom in Utah

F o a bellwork
F.O.A. ( expensiveBellwork)

Who can translate this expression?

F o a bellwork1
F.O.A. ( expensiveBellwork)

What’s happening in this photo?

EQs expensive

  • Who is Sam Houston? (8.4 spi 9)

  • What were the causes and effects of America’s war with Mexico? (8.4 spi 9)

This week
This week expensive

  • Today: Texas Revolution notes

  • Tuesday: Texas Revolution timeline

  • Wednesday: Review for LCAP

  • Thursday: LCAP

  • Friday: Mexican-American War

Texas expensive

  • Originally, the areas of TX and Mexico belonged to Spain

    • 1821 – Mexico becomes independent and sets up a representative government

    • The new government hired empresarios (agents) to bring people to TX

The alamo
The Alamo laws

  • Small TX volunteer army fights for nearly two weeks against larger Mexican army

    • All the defenders of the Alamo die

    • “Remember the Alamo!” becomes the war cry of the TX military

A new nation
A New Nation laws

  • Fighting ends at the Battle of San Jacinto

  • Sam Houston, a TN native, is its first president

    • Davy Crockett

  • Many Americans wanted to annex TX as a state, but not Andrew Jackson

    • New Mexican government would not recognize the TX nation

Homework laws

  • Read pages 350-353.

  • Answer 1-3 all parts on page 353.

Acquiring new lands
Acquiring New Lands laws

  • By the 1840s, many Americans believed it was their manifest destiny (obvious fate) to control all the territory from the Atlantic to the Pacific

    • Most wanted to annex OR and TX

  • In 1844, Democrat lawsJames K. Polk of TN becomes president

    • Narrowly defeats Whig candidate Henry Clay

    • Immediately sets out to gain Oregon

      • 1848 - U.S. & Britain agree on the 49th Parallel for border

What was california like
What Was California Like? as being “stolen”

  • Mexico got rid of the old mission system in its borders

    • Mexico’s government began giving massive amounts of lands to its wealthiest settlers

    • Vaqueros – Mexican “cowboys”

      • Herded animals and taught American settlers their lifestyle

  • Californios as being “stolen”

    • Early settlers of CA territory; felt isolated from Mexican government because of the distance between them

    • “Anglos” from America move in; begin calling for CA to become independent

Mexican american war
Mexican-American War as being “stolen”

  • America tries to buy Mexican lands of NM and CA for $30 million

    • Doesn’t work; Polk sends military to the border to secure it

    • Gen. Zachary Taylor invades Mexico; Polk tells Congress that Mexico invaded America

End of the war
End of the War as being “stolen”

  • Mexico City – Final battle

  • Result – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    • Also known as the “Mexican Cession”

    • U.S. gets land; gives Mexico $15 million

Culture clash
Culture Clash as being “stolen”

  • As more Americans began to move into old Mexican lands, they began to clash with Mexican settlers

    • Land rights

    • Water rights

Expensive nuggets
Expensive Nuggets as being “stolen”

The california gold rush
The California Gold Rush as being “stolen”

  • For years, the Oregon Trail had been bringing settlers to OR and CA

    • In 1839, Mexico gives John Sutter permission to start a colony in CA

Results as being “stolen”

  • Mining towns began to spring up in CA

    • San Francisco is where most miners went; its population increases from 800 to 25,000 in just two years

  • Incoming miners began to prospect for gold; “staking a claim”

Life as a miner
Life As a Miner as being “stolen”

  • Mining was hard work and very rarely did people get rich

    • Placer mining

  • Some stopped mining for gold and opened other businesses

    • Restaurants

    • Laundromats

    • Hotels

Immigration as being “stolen”

  • Not all miners were American; many came from Europe, South America, and Asia

    • 24,000 Chinese in just four years

  • Immigrants and Californios were often treated unfairly by American settlers

Impact on california
Impact on California as being “stolen”

  • Due to the population explosion over gold, CA is eligible for statehood just two years after becoming a U.S. territory (1850)

  • Many Californians begin ranching and farming instead of mining; HARD work

Westward expansion
Westward Expansion as being “stolen”


  • “Manifest Destiny”

  • America acquires new lands in the west

  • New trails are discovered to the west

  • Gold is discovered in CA


  • Native Americans forced off their lands

  • Americans travel west for new land

  • U.S. stretches all the way to the Pacific Ocean

  • CA experiences a population boom