Let’s go and get some colonies!. Imperialism. Describe at least motives for imperialism. Describe three types of imperialism. Which nations became imperial powers? Which nations were controlled by imperial powers? How did imperial powers justify their control over foreign nations?.
Describe at least motives for imperialism.
Describe three types of imperialism.
Which nations became imperial powers?
Which nations were controlled by imperial powers?
How did imperial powers justify their control over foreign nations?
Imperialism: The policy by a stronger nation to attempt to create an empire by dominating weaker nations economically, politically, culturally or militarily.Definition
COLONIALISM SPEEDS UP create an empire by dominating weaker nations economically, politically, culturally or militarily.
Age of Exploration
Europeans raced for overseas colonies
Growth of European commerce andtrade worldwide
1500s-1700s create an empire by dominating weaker nations economically, politically, culturally or militarily.
England, France, Holland, Portugal, and Spain
Wars over colonies
Europeans were preoccupied with happenings on the European continent and in the existing European colonies.
Latin American Wars for Independence
Growth of Nationalism
Beginning circa 1875 continent and in the existing European colonies.
Renewed race for colonies
Spurred by needs created by the Industrial Revolution
New markets for finished goods
New sources of raw materials
Colonies = economic and political power
Social Darwinism = racist justification
David Livingstone continent and in the existing European colonies.
Mapping the “Dark Continent”Exploration
Write down the definition of Imperialism. continent and in the existing European colonies.
Create a Venn Diagram comparing and contrasting Old Imperialism and New Imperialism.
Finally, do you think the concept was romanticized by some people?Task
The steam engine continent and in the existing European colonies.
Improvements in communicationTechnological Advances
Social Darwinism development of imperialism. said that strong people should rule over weak people…
First self-powered machine gun development of imperialism.The Maxim Gun
One English writer put it this way:
“Whatever happens, we have gotthe Maxim gun, and they have not.”
19 development of imperialism.th century political change
Allegiance to one’s country rather than one’s monarch
Role of the Common people
Other nations emerged in the mid-1800s as the result of political and economic changes in Europe and beyond.
Markets for finished goods
Products of British Industrial Revolution sold in China and India
Sources of raw materials
Egypt – cotton
Malaya – rubber and tin
Middle East – oil
Profits from Industrial Revolution invested in mines, railroads, etc., in unindustrialized areas
Social Darwinism political and economic changes in Europe and beyond.
Interpreted Darwin’s evolutionary theory in terms of powerful nations
“Only the strong survive”
Powerful nations able to develop areas and resources being “wasted” by native peoples
Increased feelings of white superiority
Increased feelings of Japanese superiority
Eugenics developed as a branch of science
† political and economic changes in Europe and beyond.
Conversion to Christianity
End-of-the-century crusading spirit
Missionaries in Africa, Asia, Hawaii, etc.
Rudyard Kipling political and economic changes in Europe and beyond., author of The Jungle Book, was an Anglo-Indian – an Englishman who was born in India.
His ideas about imperialism can be seen in a poem he wrote in 1889, called The White Man’s Burden:
Turn to the White Man’s Burden page in your passport and read the entry together.
Answer the following questionsThe White Man’s Burden
Japanese in Korea
Italians in Africa
“White Man’s Burden”
Rudyard Kipling’s poetry and prose
Whites morally obligated to bring the “blessings of civilization” to “backward” peoples
Cecil Rhodes – imperialism is “philanthropy—plus five percent”
The White Man’s Burden was the idea that Europeans had to conquer the rest of the world, to spread the benefits of Western Civilization.
This was supposed to help them…
Appeared on advertisements conquer the rest of the world, to spread the benefits of Western Civilization.
and on children’s books
during that time period.
Mahatma Gandhi conquer the rest of the world, to spread the benefits of Western Civilization. was born in India around the same time as Rudyard Kipling. Gandhi lived in India and Africa and studied law in England, but he had different ideas about imperialism.
Reporter: “What do you think about Western Civilization?”
Gandhi: “I think it would be a good idea!”
Gandhi led India to independence from England through nonviolent resistance.
Gandhi and others thought that Europeans were just talking about helping the people they conquered.
The West wasn’t really civilized. It was brutally conquering the entire world and taking foreign countries’ natural resources.
POLITICAL MOTIVES about helping the people they conquered.
Nationalism – national pride
“The sun never sets on the British empire.”
Large empires increased national pride
French acquisitions in Africa and Asia followed France’s defeat in the Franco-Prussian War
Berlin Conference: established rules on how the colonies would behave in regards to AfricaAfrica
In the 1700s, China enjoyed a favorable balance of trade. would behave in regards to AfricaChina
By 1779, the would behave in regards to Africa
opium to China.
Within a generation, opium addiction in China became widespread.Opium
China and Britain Clash over Opium would behave in regards to Africa
In 1839, a Chinese official demanded that the opium trade in Guangzhou stop. The British refused and war ensued.
Boxer rebellion would behave in regards to Africa
Economic privileges and rights given for a specific purpose would behave in regards to Africa
U.S. and British oil concessions throughout the Middle East
Ottoman Turks granted Germany permission to build Berlin-to-Baghdad Railroad
Exclusive or special control over an area would behave in regards to Africa
British trading rights in China’s Yangtze valley
French trading rights in southeastern China
Japanese trading rights in Korea
Lease over an area would behave in regards to Africa
Suez Canal Corporation
Suez Canal built by French in 1860s
Controlled by British shortly thereafter until 1968
Germans in Kiachow
French in Kwangchow
British in Weihaiwei
Plan of Suez Canal as envisioned in 1881.
Foreign control exercised through native “puppet” rulers would behave in regards to Africa
French – Morocco (1906-1956)
British – Egypt (1914-1968)
Britain held a sphere of influence in Egypt from 1882-1914
Britain gained control of Egypt as Egypt’s protectorate when the Ottoman empire fell apart during World War I
Territory annexed and turned into a colony under the complete control of a foreign power
German colonies in east and southwest Africa – until 1918 and the end of World War I
French Indochine (Vietnam) – until 1955
British Burma – until 1948
Victors of World War I gained control over German possessions under mandates granted by the League of Nations
German East Africa → Great Britain
Pacific islands north of the equator → Japan
Syria → France
Closed its doors to the World until 1600 possessions under mandates granted by the League of Nations
It opened its doors in the 1800s to the United States.
Soon caught up to the rest of the world in being an industrialized nation.Japan
Tokugawa Shogunate overthrown by imperial forces. possessions under mandates granted by the League of Nations
Emperor Mutsuhito ruled 1867-1912
ModernizationThe Meiji Restoration
1904-1905 possessions under mandates granted by the League of Nations
for control of
was humiliated.The Russo-Japanese War