Imperialism
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Imperialism. What Is Imperialism?. Definition: A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically , economically or socially. Motives For Imperialism. Motives For Imperialism. Loss of New World Empires:

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Imperialism

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Imperialism

Imperialism


What is imperialism

What Is Imperialism?

  • Definition:

  • A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economicallyor socially


Motives for imperialism

Motives For Imperialism


Motives for imperialism1

Motives For Imperialism

  • Loss of New World Empires:

  • France, Great Britain, Spain, & Portugal all lost colonies in the 18th – 19th centuries


Motives for imperialism2

Motives For Imperialism

  • Economic:

  • The IR created a higher demand for new sources of raw materials & newmarketsfor products


Motives for imperialism3

Motives For Imperialism

  • Nationalism:

  • Prestige, strategiclocations, greed, ethnocentrism


Motives for imperialism4

Motives For Imperialism

  • “Civilizing” Missions:

  • The desire to spread Western culture

  • Spread the Christian message

  • Belief in European superiority

  • Social Darwinism


Factors promoting imperialism

Factors Promoting Imperialism

  • Europeans had an overwhelming advantage- Technology!

    • Military: Maxim machine gun.

    • Transportation: RR + Steamships.

    • Communication: Telegraph (Telephone)

  • New protection against disease: Quinine

  • African Problems Existed –

    • Lack of unity between tribes

    • Wars between ethnic groups.


Justification

Justification???

  • “I contend that we [Britons] are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race…It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honourable race the world possesses.”

  • --Cecil Rhodes, 1877 (De Beers Consolidated Mines)


Forms of imperialism

Forms of Imperialism

  • COLONY:

  • A foreign region that is under the direct control of a mother country

  • Governed by a foreignpower.


Forms of imperialism1

Forms of Imperialism

  • PROTECTORATE:

  • A foreign region in which the mother country allows native rulersto maintain their position of power, but controls them


Forms of imperialism2

Forms of Imperialism

  • SPHERE OF INFLUENCE:

  • An area in which an outside power claims exclusiveinvestment or trading privileges


Forms of imperialism3

Forms of Imperialism

  • Economic Imperialism:

  • An independent but less-developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governments


Treatment of native people

Treatment of Native People


Treatment of native people1

Treatment of Native People

  • Enslavement:

  • Forced labor

  • Segregation:

  • Separation of races


Treatment of native people2

Treatment of Native People

  • Assimilation:

  • The forced adoption of a “mainstream” culture


Problems for natives

Problems for Natives??

  • Loss of traditionalculture

  • Loss of traditionalleadership

  • Divisionof tribal groups

  • Populationdecline

  • Depletionof natural resources; loss of good farmland


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