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Imperialism PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Imperialism. What Is Imperialism?. Definition: A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically , economically or socially. Motives For Imperialism. Motives For Imperialism. Loss of New World Empires:

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What Is Imperialism?

  • Definition:

  • A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economicallyor socially

Motives For Imperialism

Motives For Imperialism

  • Loss of New World Empires:

  • France, Great Britain, Spain, & Portugal all lost colonies in the 18th – 19th centuries

Motives For Imperialism

  • Economic:

  • The IR created a higher demand for new sources of raw materials & newmarketsfor products

Motives For Imperialism

  • Nationalism:

  • Prestige, strategiclocations, greed, ethnocentrism

Motives For Imperialism

  • “Civilizing” Missions:

  • The desire to spread Western culture

  • Spread the Christian message

  • Belief in European superiority

  • Social Darwinism

Factors Promoting Imperialism

  • Europeans had an overwhelming advantage- Technology!

    • Military: Maxim machine gun.

    • Transportation: RR + Steamships.

    • Communication: Telegraph (Telephone)

  • New protection against disease: Quinine

  • African Problems Existed –

    • Lack of unity between tribes

    • Wars between ethnic groups.


  • “I contend that we [Britons] are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race…It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honourable race the world possesses.”

  • --Cecil Rhodes, 1877 (De Beers Consolidated Mines)

Forms of Imperialism


  • A foreign region that is under the direct control of a mother country

  • Governed by a foreignpower.

Forms of Imperialism


  • A foreign region in which the mother country allows native rulersto maintain their position of power, but controls them

Forms of Imperialism


  • An area in which an outside power claims exclusiveinvestment or trading privileges

Forms of Imperialism

  • Economic Imperialism:

  • An independent but less-developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governments

Treatment of Native People

Treatment of Native People

  • Enslavement:

  • Forced labor

  • Segregation:

  • Separation of races

Treatment of Native People

  • Assimilation:

  • The forced adoption of a “mainstream” culture

Problems for Natives??

  • Loss of traditionalculture

  • Loss of traditionalleadership

  • Divisionof tribal groups

  • Populationdecline

  • Depletionof natural resources; loss of good farmland

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