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Conditioning Programs are Directed Towards:. cardiovascular lungs muscular bone and tendon thermoregulation nervous system better integration for improved co-ordination in events involving skill faster firing of nervous impulses psychological familiarity. Types of Conditioning.

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conditioning programs are directed towards
Conditioning Programs are Directed Towards:
  • cardiovascular
  • lungs
  • muscular
  • bone and tendon
  • thermoregulation
  • nervous system
    • better integration for improved co-ordination in events involving skill
    • faster firing of nervous impulses
    • psychological familiarity
types of conditioning
Types of Conditioning
  • cardiovascular conditioning
    • respiratory
    • cardiovascular
    • muscular
  • strength training
    • increase power or endurance of muscle groups (sport specific)
  • suppling exercises
    • increase range of motion
    • more athletic and reduce risk of injury
short term response
Short Term Response
  • use of glycogen reserves
  • lactate accumulation
  • torn muscle fibers, tissue damage
  • excessive loss of fluids
  • repetitive cycle
    • destruction and repair essential part of conditioning
    • rebuilding phase strengthens tissues
  • repair time - 2-3 days
    • don’t need complete rest
  • intense exercise affects immune system
    • respiratory illnesses
long term response
Long Term Response
  • cardiovascular and muscular system
    • 3-5 weeks
  • increase maximum oxygen consumption
    • improved O2 delivery
    • increased O2 utilization
  • ligament and tendon conditioning
  • bone conditioning
principles
Principles
  • related to the type of competition
  • every animal is different
    • training program has to be adjusted to the individual horse
  • need to assess when an animal is overstressed
designing a conditioning program
Designing a Conditioning Program
  • horse
    • breed/type (temperament)
    • age
    • conditioning history
    • present level of fitness
    • previous injuries
  • sport
    • type of sport
    • level of competition
    • timing of competition during the season
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rider
    • time schedule
    • competitive objectives
  • environment
    • weather
    • terrain
    • facilities
training for optimum performance
Training for Optimum Performance
  • early stages
    • low intensity exercise of moderate duration
    • improve suppleness and joint mobility
    • adaptations to the saddle and weight of rider
  • harder stages
    • development of muscles and cardiovascular systems
  • maintenance
    • allows horse to maintain peak fitness
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peak
    • taper work load last few days before a competition
      • 5-10 days for long events
      • 3-5 days for smaller stresses
    • after performance
      • decrease work load 20 % until midway between peaks ( repair and restore)
    • seasonal break
    • monitor progress
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intensity
    • HR easy measurement of intensity
    • increase speed
      • advance impulsion, gradients, add dead weight, work in loose, deep surface, temperature/humidity are high
  • duration
    • low intensity exercise , with increasing duration
    • maintain or reduce duration, with increased intensity
    • final stage, sport specific
  • frequency
    • varies with stage of training
    • improve fitness - 3 days/week
    • maintain fitness - 2 days/week
slide13
progressive loading
    • need gradual increase in workload
    • maintain new workload until adapted
    • increase workload again
  • overloading
    • too much stress - too little recovery time
    • aerobic
      • poor performance, increase PCV,
    • strength training
      • muscle strains, ligament and bone injuries
    • avoid excessive repetition
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