Conditioning programs are directed towards
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Conditioning Programs are Directed Towards:. cardiovascular lungs muscular bone and tendon thermoregulation nervous system better integration for improved co-ordination in events involving skill faster firing of nervous impulses psychological familiarity. Types of Conditioning.

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Conditioning programs are directed towards

Conditioning Programs are Directed Towards:

  • cardiovascular

  • lungs

  • muscular

  • bone and tendon

  • thermoregulation

  • nervous system

    • better integration for improved co-ordination in events involving skill

    • faster firing of nervous impulses

    • psychological familiarity


Types of conditioning

Types of Conditioning

  • cardiovascular conditioning

    • respiratory

    • cardiovascular

    • muscular

  • strength training

    • increase power or endurance of muscle groups (sport specific)

  • suppling exercises

    • increase range of motion

    • more athletic and reduce risk of injury


Short term response

Short Term Response

  • use of glycogen reserves

  • lactate accumulation

  • torn muscle fibers, tissue damage

  • excessive loss of fluids

  • repetitive cycle

    • destruction and repair essential part of conditioning

    • rebuilding phase strengthens tissues

  • repair time - 2-3 days

    • don’t need complete rest

  • intense exercise affects immune system

    • respiratory illnesses


Long term response

Long Term Response

  • cardiovascular and muscular system

    • 3-5 weeks

  • increase maximum oxygen consumption

    • improved O2 delivery

    • increased O2 utilization

  • ligament and tendon conditioning

  • bone conditioning


Principles

Principles

  • related to the type of competition

  • every animal is different

    • training program has to be adjusted to the individual horse

  • need to assess when an animal is overstressed


Designing a conditioning program

Designing a Conditioning Program

  • horse

    • breed/type (temperament)

    • age

    • conditioning history

    • present level of fitness

    • previous injuries

  • sport

    • type of sport

    • level of competition

    • timing of competition during the season


Conditioning programs are directed towards

  • rider

    • time schedule

    • competitive objectives

  • environment

    • weather

    • terrain

    • facilities


Training for optimum performance

Training for Optimum Performance

  • early stages

    • low intensity exercise of moderate duration

    • improve suppleness and joint mobility

    • adaptations to the saddle and weight of rider

  • harder stages

    • development of muscles and cardiovascular systems

  • maintenance

    • allows horse to maintain peak fitness


Conditioning programs are directed towards

  • peak

    • taper work load last few days before a competition

      • 5-10 days for long events

      • 3-5 days for smaller stresses

    • after performance

      • decrease work load 20 % until midway between peaks ( repair and restore)

    • seasonal break

    • monitor progress


Conditioning programs are directed towards

  • intensity

    • HR easy measurement of intensity

    • increase speed

      • advance impulsion, gradients, add dead weight, work in loose, deep surface, temperature/humidity are high

  • duration

    • low intensity exercise , with increasing duration

    • maintain or reduce duration, with increased intensity

    • final stage, sport specific

  • frequency

    • varies with stage of training

    • improve fitness - 3 days/week

    • maintain fitness - 2 days/week


Conditioning programs are directed towards

  • progressive loading

    • need gradual increase in workload

    • maintain new workload until adapted

    • increase workload again

  • overloading

    • too much stress - too little recovery time

    • aerobic

      • poor performance, increase PCV,

    • strength training

      • muscle strains, ligament and bone injuries

    • avoid excessive repetition


Conditioning programs are directed towards

  • Figure 7.2 and 7.4 in text book


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