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Chapter 13 – Urban America. Test Review. Vocabulary Review. was a philosophy that believed wealthy Americans bore the responsibility of using their fortunes to further social progress. Social Darwinism Realism Gospel of Wealth Individualism.

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Chapter 13 urban america

Chapter 13 – Urban America

Test Review


Vocabulary review
Vocabulary Review

  • was a philosophy that believed wealthy Americans bore the responsibility of using their fortunes to further social progress.

    • Social Darwinism

    • Realism

    • Gospel of Wealth

    • Individualism




  • The in the amount of goods for sale causedwas an informal political group that provided services in return for votes and political power.

    • party bosses

    • political machine

    • Populists

    • Grange


  • The in the amount of goods for sale causedwas one method of segregation used in the South after the Civil War.

    • cooperative

    • poll tax

    • tenement

    • graft


Reviewing main ideas
Reviewing Main Ideas in the amount of goods for sale caused

Section 1 (pgs. 442-447)

  • In the late nineteenth century, many labor unions opposed immigration, arguing that immigrants.

    • would work for higher wages.

    • eased financial drains on social services.

    • assimilated into American culture.

    • would accept jobs as strikebreakers.


Section 1 (pgs. in the amount of goods for sale caused442-447)

  • What was the major reason for Chinese immigration to the United States in the early nineteenth century?.

    • Many Chinese were escaping severe unemployment and famine.

    • Many Chinese were escaping religious persecution.

    • Many Chinese left to avoid required military service.

    • Many Chinese left to escape the class system and move up the social ladder.


Section 2 (pgs. in the amount of goods for sale caused450-455)

  • Working class individuals residing in cities usually lived.

    • in the streetcar suburbs.

    • in tenements.

    • in fashionable downtown districts.

    • away from the central city.


Section in the amount of goods for sale caused2 (pgs. 450-455)

  • Who was the leader of Tammany Hall during the 1860s and 1870s?.

    • Thomas Nast

    • James Pendergast

    • William Tweed

    • Thomas Pendergast


Section 3 (pgs. in the amount of goods for sale caused458-467)

  • The nineteenth-century philosophy of Social Darwinism maintained that.

    • the government should have control over the means of production and the marketplace.

    • all social class distinctions in American society should be eliminated.

    • economic success comes to those who are the hardest working and most competent.

    • wealth and income should be more equally distributed.


Section in the amount of goods for sale caused3 (pgs. 458-467)

  • The Interstate Commerce Act (1887) was designed to regulate interstate commerce by requiring.

    • railroads to increase rebates to high-volume users.

    • railroads to charge higher rates for short hauls.

    • states to regulate interstate railroad traffic.

    • the federal government to regulate railroad rates.


Section in the amount of goods for sale caused4 (pgs. 470-475)

  • Populists supported federal ownership of railroads because they thought the government would .

    • increase access to railroads in rural areas.

    • make the trains run on time.

    • manage the railroads in the public interest.

    • collect enough revenue to allow it to eliminate the graduated income tax.


Section 5 (pgs. in the amount of goods for sale caused476-481)

  • The ruling from Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) was based on the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the .

    • necessary and proper clause from Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution.

    • free speech provision of the First Amendment.

    • equal protection clause of the in the Fourteenth Amendment.

    • voting rights provision in the Fifteenth Amendment.


Critical thinking
Critical Thinking in the amount of goods for sale caused

Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • In 1890 the Populists formed the People’s Party and supported .

    • the subtreasury plan where farmers could store crops in warehouses to force prices up.

    • limited governmental regulations for the railroad companies.

    • the election of senators by state legislatures.

    • the free coinage of gold.


Use the in the amount of goods for sale causedchart, and the information from Chapter 13

to answer question 15.

  • What happened to crop pricesbetween 1870 & 1880?

    • The price of cotton

      increased as the price

      of wheat and corn

      decreased.

    • The price of wheat,

      corn, and cotton

      increased.

    • The price of cotton,

      wheat, and corn

      stayed the same after

      initial increase.

    • The price of wheat

      significantly decreased

      as the price of cotton

      decreased steadily.


Directions: Choose the BEST answer. in the amount of goods for sale caused

  • Which of the following is associated with The Gospel of Wealth?

    • survival of the fittest

    • laissez-faire

    • unregulated competition

    • philanthrophy


Analyze the in the amount of goods for sale causedcartoon and answer the questions that

follow.

19

20


Directions: Choose the BEST answer. in the amount of goods for sale caused

  • What does the cartoon express about immigrants coming to the United States?.

    • Immigrants were welcome in the United States.

    • Immigrants had to pass by dogs to gain entry.

    • Anarchists, Socialists, and Communists were welcome.

    • Anarchists, Socialists, and Communists were not welcome.

      Picture


Directions: Choose the BEST answer. in the amount of goods for sale caused

  • The “new immigrants” to the United States between 1890 and 1915 came primarily from .

    • southern and eastern Europe.

    • northern and western Europe.

    • East Asia.

    • Latin America.


Document based questions
Document-Based Questions in the amount of goods for sale caused

Directions:

Analyze the document

and answer the

questions that follow.

22

23


Directions: Choose the BEST answer. in the amount of goods for sale caused

  • According to the editorial, what effect did immigration have on the nation’s economy?

    • It had a positive effect by increasing prosperity for ocean steamers, railroads, and manufacturing.

    • It had a negative impact decreasing prosperity for ocean steamers, railroads, and manufacturing.

    • It did not impact the prosperity of the nation’s economy at all.

    • None of these.

      Document


Directions: Choose the BEST answer. in the amount of goods for sale caused

  • How is the editorial’s view of the effects of immigration different from that of the nativists?

    • The editorial views immigration in a negative light focusing on the economic drawbacks, while nativists viewed immigration positively due to the benefits they felt immigrants brought.

    • The editorial views immigration in a positive light focusing on the economic benefits, while nativists viewed immigration negatively due to the cultural and economic threats they felt immigrants brought.

    • Depending on who you ask, both A and B.

    • Neither A nor B.

      Document


Essay questions
Essay Questions in the amount of goods for sale caused

Answer two (2) of the following questions completely and

accurately. (Use textbook, notes, etc. to get information)

  • Describe the reasons why Europeans immigrated to the United States in the late 1800s.

  • Define “deflation” and explain why it hurts farmers.

  • Describe the problems of urban living in the late 1800s, and explain their causes.

  • Summarize the ideas of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois on how to address discrimination against African Americans.


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