Chapter 13 urban america
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Chapter 13 – Urban America. Test Review. Vocabulary Review. was a philosophy that believed wealthy Americans bore the responsibility of using their fortunes to further social progress. Social Darwinism Realism Gospel of Wealth Individualism.

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Chapter 13 – Urban America

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Chapter 13 – Urban America

Test Review

Vocabulary Review

  • was a philosophy that believed wealthy Americans bore the responsibility of using their fortunes to further social progress.

    • Social Darwinism

    • Realism

    • Gospel of Wealth

    • Individualism

  • Immigrant children became knowledgeable about American culture at public schools—a process known as .

    • Americanization.

    • nativism.

    • Social Darwinism.

    • individualism.

  • The rapid increase in the money supply without an increase in the amount of goods for sale caused, or the decline in the value of money.

    • goldbugs

    • silverites

    • deflation

    • inflation

  • The was an informal political group that provided services in return for votes and political power.

    • party bosses

    • political machine

    • Populists

    • Grange

  • The was one method of segregation used in the South after the Civil War.

    • cooperative

    • poll tax

    • tenement

    • graft

Reviewing Main Ideas

Section 1 (pgs. 442-447)

  • In the late nineteenth century, many labor unions opposed immigration, arguing that immigrants.

    • would work for higher wages.

    • eased financial drains on social services.

    • assimilated into American culture.

    • would accept jobs as strikebreakers.

Section 1 (pgs. 442-447)

  • What was the major reason for Chinese immigration to the United States in the early nineteenth century?.

    • Many Chinese were escaping severe unemployment and famine.

    • Many Chinese were escaping religious persecution.

    • Many Chinese left to avoid required military service.

    • Many Chinese left to escape the class system and move up the social ladder.

Section 2 (pgs. 450-455)

  • Working class individuals residing in cities usually lived.

    • in the streetcar suburbs.

    • in tenements.

    • in fashionable downtown districts.

    • away from the central city.

Section 2 (pgs. 450-455)

  • Who was the leader of Tammany Hall during the 1860s and 1870s?.

    • Thomas Nast

    • James Pendergast

    • William Tweed

    • Thomas Pendergast

Section 3 (pgs. 458-467)

  • The nineteenth-century philosophy of Social Darwinism maintained that.

    • the government should have control over the means of production and the marketplace.

    • all social class distinctions in American society should be eliminated.

    • economic success comes to those who are the hardest working and most competent.

    • wealth and income should be more equally distributed.

Section 3 (pgs. 458-467)

  • The Interstate Commerce Act (1887) was designed to regulate interstate commerce by requiring.

    • railroads to increase rebates to high-volume users.

    • railroads to charge higher rates for short hauls.

    • states to regulate interstate railroad traffic.

    • the federal government to regulate railroad rates.

Section 4 (pgs. 470-475)

  • Populists supported federal ownership of railroads because they thought the government would .

    • increase access to railroads in rural areas.

    • make the trains run on time.

    • manage the railroads in the public interest.

    • collect enough revenue to allow it to eliminate the graduated income tax.

Section 5 (pgs. 476-481)

  • The ruling from Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) was based on the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the .

    • necessary and proper clause from Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution.

    • free speech provision of the First Amendment.

    • equal protection clause of the in the Fourteenth Amendment.

    • voting rights provision in the Fifteenth Amendment.

Critical Thinking

Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • In 1890 the Populists formed the People’s Party and supported .

    • the subtreasury plan where farmers could store crops in warehouses to force prices up.

    • limited governmental regulations for the railroad companies.

    • the election of senators by state legislatures.

    • the free coinage of gold.

Use the chart, and the information from Chapter 13

to answer question 15.

  • What happened to crop pricesbetween 1870 & 1880?

    • The price of cotton

      increased as the price

      of wheat and corn


    • The price of wheat,

      corn, and cotton


    • The price of cotton,

      wheat, and corn

      stayed the same after

      initial increase.

    • The price of wheat

      significantly decreased

      as the price of cotton

      decreased steadily.

Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • Which of the following is associated with The Gospel of Wealth?

    • survival of the fittest

    • laissez-faire

    • unregulated competition

    • philanthrophy

Analyze the cartoon and answer the questions that




Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • What does the cartoon express about immigrants coming to the United States?.

    • Immigrants were welcome in the United States.

    • Immigrants had to pass by dogs to gain entry.

    • Anarchists, Socialists, and Communists were welcome.

    • Anarchists, Socialists, and Communists were not welcome.


Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • The “new immigrants” to the United States between 1890 and 1915 came primarily from .

    • southern and eastern Europe.

    • northern and western Europe.

    • East Asia.

    • Latin America.

Document-Based Questions


Analyze the document

and answer the

questions that follow.



Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • According to the editorial, what effect did immigration have on the nation’s economy?

    • It had a positive effect by increasing prosperity for ocean steamers, railroads, and manufacturing.

    • It had a negative impact decreasing prosperity for ocean steamers, railroads, and manufacturing.

    • It did not impact the prosperity of the nation’s economy at all.

    • None of these.


Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • How is the editorial’s view of the effects of immigration different from that of the nativists?

    • The editorial views immigration in a negative light focusing on the economic drawbacks, while nativists viewed immigration positively due to the benefits they felt immigrants brought.

    • The editorial views immigration in a positive light focusing on the economic benefits, while nativists viewed immigration negatively due to the cultural and economic threats they felt immigrants brought.

    • Depending on who you ask, both A and B.

    • Neither A nor B.


Essay Questions

Answer two (2) of the following questions completely and

accurately. (Use textbook, notes, etc. to get information)

  • Describe the reasons why Europeans immigrated to the United States in the late 1800s.

  • Define “deflation” and explain why it hurts farmers.

  • Describe the problems of urban living in the late 1800s, and explain their causes.

  • Summarize the ideas of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois on how to address discrimination against African Americans.

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