Applying new urbanist land use and urban design principles in austin
Download
1 / 31

Applying New Urbanist land use and urban design principles in Austin - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 585 Views
  • Uploaded on

But soon realized that good urban design is about much more than construction materials. ... The problems with modern urban design... Infrastructure and sprawl ...

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Applying New Urbanist land use and urban design principles in Austin' - Kelvin_Ajay


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Applying new urbanist land use and urban design principles in austin l.jpg

Changing the Paradigm

Applying New Urbanist land use and urban design principles in Austin


Welcome to austin l.jpg
Welcome toAustin.



Slide4 l.jpg
In 2003, a battle over a big box got a lot of Austinites thinking about how to encourage higher-quality commercial development.


Slide5 l.jpg

As an early step, we invited national consultant Robert Gibbs to rate Austin’s commercial development.

On a scale of 0-10, Austin’s score was between0 and 1.


As we began discussions of how to turn things around we started by talking about fa ade details l.jpg
As we began discussions of how to turn things around, we started by talking about façade details. . .

But soon realized that good urban design is about much more than construction materials.


The problems with modern urban design tax base l.jpg
The problems with modern urban design… started by talking about façade details. . . Tax base

  • National big box retailers typically abandon stores every 8-10 years.

  • Some stores remain abandoned for years.

  • Poor quality prototypes can be difficult to reuse.


The problems with modern urban design infrastructure and sprawl l.jpg
The problems with modern urban design… started by talking about façade details. . . Infrastructure and sprawl

Post-war development patterns produce greater traffic than traditional urban development patterns.

Lack of interconnectivity

Superblocks

Large single use developments

Every trip funneled on to highways


The problems with modern urban design infrastructure and sprawl9 l.jpg
The problems with modern urban design… started by talking about façade details. . . Infrastructure and sprawl

Employees in highway-based business districts produce a 1,500% greater impact on roads than employees in downtown business districts.

Urban Land Institute


The problems with modern urban design land use l.jpg
The problems with modern urban design… started by talking about façade details. . . Land use

Big box sites are 6 to 10 blocks in size.


The problems with modern urban design land use11 l.jpg
The problems with modern urban design… started by talking about façade details. . . Land use

  • Historic block size in Austin: 276’ x 276’ (1,104 linear feet)

  • Suburban block size in Gateway/ Arboretum area: 2,112’ x 2,112’ (8,448 linear feet). The size of 53 downtown blocks.

  • Peter Calthorpe’s recommended maximum block size: 660’ x 660’


What matters l.jpg
What matters? started by talking about façade details. . .

  • Form

  • Finance

  • Process


What matters13 l.jpg
What Matters? started by talking about façade details. . .

Form

  • Mixed use

  • Abundant windows

  • Wide sidewalks with trees

  • Buildings oriented to the street

  • Parallel or head-in parking

  • Small blocks on an interconnected grid system


What matters14 l.jpg
What Matters? started by talking about façade details. . .

Form

A form-based code describes what the community wants instead of what it doesn’t want.


What doesn t matter l.jpg
What started by talking about façade details. . . doesn’t matter:

(Or at least isn’t worth the headache.)

  • Façade materials

  • Parking caps

  • Rigid adherence to every element of textbook “good design.”


What matters16 l.jpg
What matters? started by talking about façade details. . .

Finance

  • V = I/R

  • infrastructure


What matters process l.jpg
What matters? started by talking about façade details. . . Process

Design Standards: Over 200 stakeholders from diverse groups including--

  • The Real Estate Council of Austin

  • Austin Neighborhoods Council

  • Architects

  • Affordable Housing advocates

  • Design and Planning Commissioners

  • New Urban developers

  • The Quick-Service Food Industry


Plus three major community charettes l.jpg
Plus three major community charettes. . . started by talking about façade details. . .

. . . about a zillion marked-up drafts. . .

And many important lessons learned.


What matters in the consensus building process l.jpg
What matters in the consensus-building process? started by talking about façade details. . .

  • Establish the context for change: why failure is not an option.

  • Include all stakeholder groups.

  • Listen to interests, not positions.

  • Commit to 100% consensus.

  • Get an elected official personally involved and invested.


Austin s innovations l.jpg
Austin’s Innovations started by talking about façade details. . .

  • Citywide applicability

  • Affordable housing

  • Green building for

    national retailers

  • Block size standards

  • The VMU Overlay


Case study l.jpg
Case study: started by talking about façade details. . .

The Vertical Mixed-Use Overlay


What is vmu l.jpg
What is VMU? started by talking about façade details. . .


Slide23 l.jpg
VMU started by talking about façade details. . .

This…


Can become this l.jpg
…can become this. started by talking about façade details. . .


Slide25 l.jpg
Developers got onboard because the VMU Overlay gave them the opportunity to build about 50% more density.

Plus, the Overlay made parking reductions voluntary, and allowed parallel or head-in “teaser” parking.


Citizens welcomed vmu design l.jpg
Citizens welcomed VMU design. . . opportunity to build about 50% more density.

. . . But had all the normal fears about density and traffic.


Consensus building tool 1 density sweeteners l.jpg
Consensus-building tool #1: opportunity to build about 50% more density.Density “sweeteners”

  • Affordable housing

  • Residential permit parking program

  • High streetscape standards

Plus, height was non-negotiable.


Consensus building tool 2 the opt in opt out process l.jpg
Consensus-building tool # 2: opportunity to build about 50% more density.The opt-in/opt-out process

  • Neighborhood groups can recommend to Council that certain properties on Core Transit Corridors be “opted out” of the VMU dimensional and parking bonuses.

  • Neighborhoods who “opt out” properties lose the opportunity for affordable housing and the other sweeteners.

  • Be careful to make the process simple and direct.


Consensus building tool 3 balance preservation with change l.jpg
Consensus-building tool #3: opportunity to build about 50% more density.Balance preservation with change

The McMansion Ordinance


The vision a better future for austin l.jpg
The Vision: a better future for Austin opportunity to build about 50% more density.

• Promote high quality density on corridors.

• Protect single family neighborhoods.

• Create a second downtown in North Austin.

• Create dense urban town centers at rail stops.


Questions l.jpg
Questions? opportunity to build about 50% more density.

Brewster McCracken

Austin City Council Member

(512) 974-2256

[email protected]

www.brewstermccracken.org

www.ci.austin.tx.us/development/commercial_design.htm


ad