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Latin America. Physical Geography. This is Latin America. Latin America is NOT a continent . Latin America is NOT a country . Latin America IS a cultural region . Latin America stretches for 5,500 miles from the Rio Grande River in Mexico to Cape Horn at the southern end of South America.

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Latin america

Latin America

Physical Geography


This is Latin America.

Latin America is NOT a continent.

Latin America is NOT a country.

Latin America IS a cultural region.


Latin America stretches for 5,500 miles from the Rio Grande River in Mexico to Cape Horn at the southern end of South America.


Subregions
Subregions River in Mexico to Cape Horn at the southern end of South America.

There are two sub-regions of Latin America.

“MIDDLE AMERICA”

-Mexico

-Central America countries

-Island nations in the Caribbean

SOUTH AMERICA

-12 countries

-2 foreign ruled territories


Physical features of latin america and the caribbean
Physical Features of Latin America and the Caribbean River in Mexico to Cape Horn at the southern end of South America.

  • Latin America includes Mexico, Central America, and South America

  • The islands of the Caribbean are also considered to be part of Latin American

  • The region is called Latin America because the languages spoken there (mostly Spanish & Portuguese) developed from the Latin language.

  • It has an area of 8 million square miles which is nearly 16 percent of the Earth’s surface.


Most of the Latin America is made up of mountains or highlands.

HIGHLANDS –

A mountainous or hilly section of a country

MOUNTAINS –

land that is at least 2000 ft. high


Latin America lies between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

CARIBBEAN SEA

ATLANTIC OCEAN

PACIFIC OCEAN

Label on your map:

4. Caribbean Sea

Pacific Ocean

Atlantic Ocean


The caribbean sea
The Caribbean Sea Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • An arm of the Atlantic Ocean

  • Located between Cuba and South America

  • Islands in the Caribbean Sea are popular tourist destinations because of their beautiful beaches and mild tropical climate.


Caribbean sea
Caribbean Sea Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Caribbean islands
Caribbean Islands Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • How were the Caribbean Islands formed? What are they?

  • They were formed by volcanic activity. They are peaks of volcanoes and some are active.

  • Can be a hazardous place to live.


Countries of the caribbean
Countries of the Caribbean Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • Cuba

  • Haiti

  • Dominican Republic

  • Jamaica and

  • Puerto Rico (US)


Cuba Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label #2

Cuba

on your map.


Haiti Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label # 3 Haiti

on your map.


Gulf of mexico
Gulf of Mexico Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • Another arm of the Atlantic Ocean

  • Cradled by Mexico and the south U.S. coastline from Texas to Florida

  • The Mississippi River and Rio Grande are two major rivers that empty into the gulf.

Label # 1 The Gulf of Mexico

on your map.


Mexico Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label # 14 Mexico

on your map.


SIERRA MADRES Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label # 15 The Sierra Madres

on your map.

In Mexico the Sierra Madres mountains split into the Sierra Madre West and Sierra Madre East.

SIERRA MADRES EAST

SIERRA MADRES WEST


Sierra madres
Sierra Madres Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Sierra rocky cliffs
Sierra rocky cliffs Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Green slopes
Green slopes Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Looking across the range
Looking across the range Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


The Sierra Madres Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America., Mexico


Countries of central america
Countries of Central America Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama


Costa Rica Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label # 13 Costa Rica

on your map.


Panama Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label # 12 Panama

on your map.


The Panama Canal Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


What is the purpose of the panama canal
What is the purpose of the Panama Canal? Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • Allows ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean without sailing around the Southern tip of South America


Going Through the Panama Canal Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Http www youtube com watch v fa pnn54upw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fA-pnN54uPw Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Equator Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Draw the equator on your map.


Countries of south america
Countries of South America Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


Colombia Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label # 11 Colombia

on your map.


Venezuela Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label # 5

on your map.


Brazil Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label # 7

Brazil

on your map.


Bolivia Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Label # 8

Bolivia

on your map.


Elevation and the andes
Elevation and the Andes Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • The major mountain range of Latin America begins in The United States

    as the Rocky Mountains,

    continues through Mexico

    where it is known as the Sierra Madres

    and Central America

    where it is called Central Highlands

    and down through South America

    where the mountain range is called

    The Andes.


The Andes are the longest mountain range in the world Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.and the 2nd highest mountains in the world.

ANDES MOUNTAINS

Label # 10 The Andes Mountains

on your map.


The andes mountains
The ANDES Mountains Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • Stretch for 4,500 miles along the western edge of South America.

  • They are the world’s longest mountain chain, with peaks of more than 20,000 feet.

  • A unique feature is the cordilleras, several ranges that run parallel to one another.


Aconcagua south america 6 962 m 22 841 ft
Aconcagua (South America): 6,962 m (22,841 ft) Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

Located in Argentina, right along it’s border with Chile, tallest peak outside of Asia


Andes
ANDES Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Peaks in the andes
Peaks in the ANDES Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Looking up
Looking up Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Andes Mountains (Peru) Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


The Eastern Flank of the Andes Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Llamas in the Andes Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.


Population in the andes
Population in the Andes Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America.

  • Why do people live in the mountains and plateaus of Latin America?

  • Cooler climates, rich natural resources (water, volcanic soil, timber and minerals)


Http app discoveryeducation com player view assetguid d2813cc3 79e2 4777 92ea 2c899103c4fd
http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/D2813CC3-79E2-4777-92EA-2C899103C4FDhttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/D2813CC3-79E2-4777-92EA-2C899103C4FD


Desertshttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/D2813CC3-79E2-4777-92EA-2C899103C4FD

  • In South America is the driest desert in the world.

  • It is sheltered from the rainforest by the Andes

Atacama Desert

Label # 9 The Atacama Desert

on your map.


Atacama Desert, Chilehttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/D2813CC3-79E2-4777-92EA-2C899103C4FD

The Atacama is one of the driest places on Earth. In some parts no rain has fallen for 400 years.


Atacama Deserthttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/D2813CC3-79E2-4777-92EA-2C899103C4FD


Atacama
Atacamahttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/D2813CC3-79E2-4777-92EA-2C899103C4FD


Http app discoveryeducation com player view assetguid 58df6611 4f51 4e32 abdf 01cb76278212
http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/58DF6611-4F51-4E32-ABDF-01CB76278212http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/58DF6611-4F51-4E32-ABDF-01CB76278212


The amazon river
The Amazon Riverhttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/58DF6611-4F51-4E32-ABDF-01CB76278212

  • Flows from the Peruvian Andes to the Atlantic coast of Brazil.

  • 4,000 miles long and the longest river in the Western Hemisphere (world’s 2nd longest)

  • 10 times the water volume of the Mississippi.


AMAZON RIVERhttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/58DF6611-4F51-4E32-ABDF-01CB76278212

The Amazon is the largest river in the world. It begins in the Andes Mountains in Peru and flows east across Brazil.


Label # 6 – http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/58DF6611-4F51-4E32-ABDF-01CB76278212The Amazon River

on your map.


Amazon flowing through the rainforest
Amazon flowing through the rainforest.http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/58DF6611-4F51-4E32-ABDF-01CB76278212


Http app discoveryeducation com player view assetguid 561b4db3 58a2 457a 9fda d676d753ec4e
http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4Ehttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E


Grasslands

Pampashttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E

In Argentina

Used for grazing and farming

Llanos

In Venezuela

Used for grazing and farming

Grasslands


LOWLANDShttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E

PAMPAS

One kind of lowland area in Latin America are pampas. The pampas are grassy plains that stretch from Argentina into Uruguay. The pampas are a

productive farming region.


Cattle on the pampas
Cattle on the Pampashttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E


Cattle Ranching on the Pampashttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E


Gauchos of the Pampas, Argentinahttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E


Orinoco Lowlands, the http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4ELlanos


Shade trees on the llanos
Shade trees on the llanoshttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E


A small pond on the llanos
A small pond on the llanoshttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E


Lllanos and pampas
Lllanos and Pampashttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E

  • Where are the llanos and pampas? What are the regions used for?

  • They are inland grasslands.

  • Llanos-Colombia and Venezuela

  • Pampas- Argentina and Uruguay

  • Used for grazing cattle.


Why is it called latin america
WHYhttp://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E is it called Latin America?

  • Latin is a language

  • The two widely spoken languages are Latin-based

And Spanish just about everywhere else!!!

Portuguese is spoken in Brazil

www.skokienet.org/ festival/cultures.html


Adios!http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/561B4DB3-58A2-457A-9FDA-D676D753EC4E


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