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Lessons learnt from the evolution of the needs and the relations between all stakeholders in a transitional state from relief to development. Case study of Shaman plain flood control project, Yakawlang district, Bamyan Province. Agrarian system and impact assesments.
the relations between all stakeholders
in a transitional statefrom relief to development
Agrarian system and impact assesments
Based on a 5 months survey in Partnership with Solidarités By David LETY
Flood control project
Canyon entrance and outlet of the water flow
East limit of the plain
Digging of the river
Objective is to improve 500 ha out of 2400 ha
Map of Shaman plain.
This map is coming from Russian map 1/50,000 scale. One square corresponds to 1 km2.
Land development raises several Issues:
May 2004: Initial survey : local population strongly requested the Shaman plain flood control, local authorities also ask for the project.
Plan to subcontract feasibility studies
Contract: the whole responsibility of the project is given to the district governor and Solidarités has an assistant status
Feasibility studies: geotechnical, topographical, land use, hydrological.
Due to lack of ex ante data, Solidarités was not able to have a precise hydrological survey: Solidarités decide to implement a trial on work site
Community mobilization, meeting and agreement of Shaman plain representatives for work implementation
Winter 2004-2005 : trial on work site
Call for tender : a private company is selected to dig the canyon
October 2005: Project pending by central government (NEPA answerable to the MEW)
« Aylaks »: high plateau for transhumance, fodder and bushes cutting
Main constraint is availability of irrigated lands
« lalmi »: rain fed area
Meadows: fodder cutting
« Abi »: irrigated lands
« Aylaks »
« lalmi »
Decrease of land availability
Agricultural intensification: cash crops, animal husbandry
Meadows and water meadows
Cultivated and irrigated lands
Diversity of land use: cultivated lands, pasture and meadows: a wide range of agricultural potential
Land potential: in the irrigated valleys
By increasing land productivity, Shaman plain flood control project is supporting the agricultural intensification
Foothills lands: few landowners
Shaman lands: lot of small landowners
The Shaman project is relevant and the expected impacts are mainly positive.
Nevertheless, according to a lack of climatic datas, it remains questions on the hydrological impacts
Central governement:long term vision considering environmental issues
Population: total support to increase land productivity
End of XIX th
implementation of Shouras
Cash allows project implementaion
Mobilization for collective work