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Map Skills Notes. Location……..What tools can one use? Maps Globe Atlas Compass GPS Map Quest Map Skills- The ability to use any of the above to decipher your location. Location. There are 2 types of location Absolute Location- the exact point or position

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location

Location……..What tools can one use?

  • Maps
  • Globe
  • Atlas
  • Compass
  • GPS
  • Map Quest
    • Map Skills- The ability to use any of the above to decipher your location.
Location
types of location

There are 2 types of location

Absolute Location- the exact point or position

Relative Location- a point or position in relation to another one.

Types of Location
map components

There are 5 components to a map.

Title

Direction Indicator

Latitude/Longitude lines

Scale

Key/Legend

Map Components
title and directions

Title- gives the subject or topic of the map.

  • Direction Indicators- 2 types
    • Compass Rose- symbol with at least the Cardinal Directions
    • Northern Arrow- arrow pointing N.
Title and Directions
latitude longitude

Hemisphere- half of a sphere

    • N/S Hemisphere- divided by the latitude line known as the equator.
    • E/W Hemisphere- divided by the longitude line known as the Prime Meridian.
Latitude & Longitude
latitude and longitude continued

Latitude & Longitude Lines- lines that cross to form a grid system.

    • Longitude Lines (aka meridians)- imaginary lines that run vertically from N to S.
      • Meet at the poles.
      • Labeled E or W depending on location from Prime Meridian.
      • Prime Meridian divides E & W hemispheres.
Latitude and Longitude continued
latitude and longitude continued1

Latitude Lines (aka parallels)- imaginary lines that run horizontally from E to W.

    • These lines never meet.
    • They are labeled N or S depending on their location from the equator.
    • Equator divides the N & S hemispheres.
Latitude and Longitude continued
important latitude lines

Arctic Circle

Antarctic Circle

Tropic of Cancer (Summer)

Tropic of Capricorn (Winter)

Important Latitude Lines
directions

Cardinal Directions- N, E, S, W

( Never Eat Soggy Waffles)

Intermediate Directions- NE, NW, SE, SW

Directions
key legend scale

Key/Legend- unlocks the meanings of symbols on a map. This is found in a boxed off area on the map

  • Scale- used to measure the distance between places.
    • Ex. 1 inch= 100 miles.
Key/Legend & Scale
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