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Map Skills Notes

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Map Skills Notes

Location……..What tools can one use?

- Maps
- Globe
- Atlas
- Compass
- GPS
- Map Quest
- Map Skills- The ability to use any of the above to decipher your location.

There are 2 types of location

Absolute Location- the exact point or position

Relative Location- a point or position in relation to another one.

There are 5 components to a map.

Title

Direction Indicator

Latitude/Longitude lines

Scale

Key/Legend

- Title- gives the subject or topic of the map.
- Direction Indicators- 2 types
- Compass Rose- symbol with at least the Cardinal Directions
- Northern Arrow- arrow pointing N.

- Hemisphere- half of a sphere
- N/S Hemisphere- divided by the latitude line known as the equator.
- E/W Hemisphere- divided by the longitude line known as the Prime Meridian.

- Latitude & Longitude Lines- lines that cross to form a grid system.
- Longitude Lines (aka meridians)- imaginary lines that run vertically from N to S.
- Meet at the poles.
- Labeled E or W depending on location from Prime Meridian.
- Prime Meridian divides E & W hemispheres.

- Longitude Lines (aka meridians)- imaginary lines that run vertically from N to S.

- Latitude Lines (aka parallels)- imaginary lines that run horizontally from E to W.
- These lines never meet.
- They are labeled N or S depending on their location from the equator.
- Equator divides the N & S hemispheres.

Arctic Circle

Antarctic Circle

Tropic of Cancer (Summer)

Tropic of Capricorn (Winter)

Cardinal Directions- N, E, S, W

( Never Eat Soggy Waffles)

Intermediate Directions- NE, NW, SE, SW

- Key/Legend- unlocks the meanings of symbols on a map. This is found in a boxed off area on the map
- Scale- used to measure the distance between places.
- Ex. 1 inch= 100 miles.