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# Map Skills PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Map Skills. Latitude and Longitude. Equator An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point. Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres Northern and Southern Hemisphere = half a round object “Hemi” = half “Sphere” = round object. Northern Hemisphere.

Map Skills

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## Map Skills

Latitude and Longitude

Equator

An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point.

Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres

Northern and Southern

Hemisphere = half a round object

“Hemi” = half

“Sphere” = round object

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

### Latitude

The Corollas effect –

Water will go straight down at the Equator

North of the Equator - clockwise

South of the Equator - counter clockwise

### Latitude

• Lines of latitude run parallel to the equator and to each other.

• They lay on top of each other.

• There is equal distance between lines.

• Parallel = another name for a latitude.

MEASURE = North to South of the Equator.

RUN = East to West around the globe.

Equator = 0º

North and South Poles = 90º

Tropic of Cancer = 23ºN approx.

Tropic of Capricorn = 23ºS approx.

Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn form the border of the tropical zone.

### Latitude

Prime Meridian

Longest line of longitude

Passes through Greenwich, England at 0º longitude

Divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemisphere

Western

Hemisphere

Eastern

Hemisphere

### Longitude

Lines of longitude DO NOT run parallel to each other.

What does???

Meridian = another name for longitude

MEASURES = East and West of the Prime Meridian

RUNS = North and South around the globe

### Longitude

What do you notice about the lines at the center of the circle?

What do you notice about the lines near the North and South Poles?

This is what lines of latitude and longitude look like when they are combined together on a globe.

Arctic Circle

Tropic of Cancer

Equator

Tropic of Capricorn

Prime Meridian

Antarctic Circle

### Hemisphere Practice!

• In which two hemispheres is the United States located?

• What is the line that divides the Northern and Southern Hemisphere?

• In which two hemispheres is Australia located?