Map Skills. Latitude and Longitude. Equator An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point. Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres Northern and Southern Hemisphere = half a round object “Hemi” = half “Sphere” = round object. Northern Hemisphere.
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Latitude and Longitude
An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point.
Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres
Northern and Southern
Hemisphere = half a round object
“Hemi” = half
“Sphere” = round object
The Corollas effect –
Water will go straight down at the Equator
North of the Equator - clockwise
South of the Equator - counter clockwise
MEASURE = North to South of the Equator.
RUN = East to West around the globe.
Equator = 0º
North and South Poles = 90º
Tropic of Cancer = 23ºN approx.
Tropic of Capricorn = 23ºS approx.
Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn form the border of the tropical zone.
Longest line of longitude
Passes through Greenwich, England at 0º longitude
Divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemisphere
Lines of longitude DO NOT run parallel to each other.
Meridian = another name for longitude
MEASURES = East and West of the Prime Meridian
RUNS = North and South around the globe
What do you notice about the lines at the center of the circle?
What do you notice about the lines near the North and South Poles?
This is what lines of latitude and longitude look like when they are combined together on a globe.
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Capricorn