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Chapter 5. Crime and Violence. Nature of Crime. A crime is an act or omission of an act for which the state can apply a sanction. Criminal Law prohibits certain acts and [prescribes the punishment

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chapter 5

Chapter 5

Crime and Violence

nature of crime
Nature of Crime
  • A crime is an act or omission of an act for which the state can apply a sanction.
    • Criminal Law prohibits certain acts and [prescribes the punishment
    • Civil law deals with noncriminal acts in which one person injures another; these are mediated by the state.
nature of crime1
Nature of Crime

Perceptions of Crime and crime rates….

Is there more or less crime in the U.S than there was 5 years a go?

violent crime rates
Violent Crime Rates

What is problematic about the way we count and present crime statistics?

the nature of crime
The Nature of Crime

Police discretion

Problems of accuracy

Victimization reports

types of crimes and criminals
Types of Crimes and Criminals
  • Violent Personal Crimes
  • Types of Criminal homicide
    • Murder
    • Manslaughter
  • Mass Murderers and Serial Killers
slide9
Figure 5-5: Murder by Relationship; Figure 5-6: Situations Police Officers Were Killed in the Line of Duty
types of crimes and criminals1
Types of Crimes and Criminals
  • Occasional property crimes
  • Occupational (White-Collar) Crimes
    • Differential association
  • Embezzlement
  • Fraud
    • The Ponzi Scheme
    • Cybercrime
  • Corporate Crimes
  • Deregulation and Lax Enforcement
types of crimes and criminals2
Types of Crimes and Criminals
  • Public-Order Crimes
  • Organized Crime
    • Organized Crime and Corruption
  • Conventional and Professional Crimes
    • Cybercrime
    • Identity Theft
  • Juvenile Delinquency
causes of crime violence
Causes of Crime & Violence

Biological Explanations of Crime

Biology, Violence, and Criminality

Gender and Crime

Age and Crime

Sociological Explanations of Crime

figure 5 10 11 total arrests by sex race and area arrests per 100 000 juveniles ages 10 17
Figure 5-10 & 11: Total Arrests, by Sex, Race, and Area; Arrests per 100,000 Juveniles Ages 10–17
figure 5 12 13 inequality crime homicide rates in death penalty non death penalty states
Figure 5-12 & 13: Inequality & Crime; Homicide Rates in Death Penalty & Non-Death-Penalty States
gangs guns violent death causes of crime violence
Gangs, Guns, & Violent Death; Causes of Crime & Violence
  • Conflict Approaches to the Study of Crime
    • Inequality and Crime
  • Cross-Cultural Research
    • Race and Crime; racial Profiling
  • The Functionalist View: Anomie Theory
  • Interactionist Approaches: Differential Association and Delinquent Subcultures
controlling crime
Controlling Crime
  • Retribution-Deterrence
  • Rehabilitation
  • Prevention
    • Harm Reduction and Juvenile Diversion
  • Mandatory Sentencing
  • Arrest and Incarceration
controlling crime1
Controlling Crime
    • The Prison Paradox; Racial Disparities in Sentencing; Alternatives to Incarceration
  • Occupational and Corporate Crimes
  • Organized Crime
  • Public-Order & Juvenile-Justice Reforms
  • Gun Control
  • Future Prospects
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