Sentence structure and phrase structure. aim. How do we define sentences and clauses ? What are subjects and predicates ? What is a phrase ? What types of phrases are there in Turkish ? What are phrase structure rules ? How are the following types of phrases organised ? NP PP
Sentence is thecompleteexpression of onethought.
Kaya parçası = onethought, not a sentence
Dün seninle sinemaya gitmek için geldim = onesentence, twothoughts
Considersentences in terms of clauses.
Clausesarethesyntacticunitsthathave a subjectand a predicate.
Seni görmeye geldim = sentencewithtwoclauses
It is strangetouseovertsubjectswhenthespeakercontinuesto talk aboutthesameentity
NP – head N
VP – head V
Pronouns can alsostandforNPs
3. * benim her akıllı bir öğrencim
Tosumup, a NP in Turkishmayconsist of thefollowingtypes of constituents:
Thephrasestructurerule of NP in Turkish:
Adpositionsarewordclassesthatexpress a relationshipbetweentwoentitiessuch as place, time, locationetc.
It is difficulttodraw a linebetweenadjectivesandnouns in Turkish (as adjstakescaseandpluralendings as nouns)
Adjectives as a head at final
Adjswith NP complements
SomeADJPsrequire PP complements